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Could a low sodium diet sometimes do more harm than good?

Could a low sodium diet sometimes do more harm than good?


Current practice guidelines suggest a low-sodium diet for the management of heart failure. Although experts are questioning the effectiveness of decreasing salt in one’s diet.

Researchers recently conducted a meta-analysis of data from nine randomized controlled trials that compared a low-sodium diet to standard therapy in patients with heart failure.

They came to the conclusion that excessive salt restriction causes more harm than good. However, the choice of research included in the meta-analysis has been questioned by specialists.

60% chloride and 40% sodium make up most of the weight of salt. A tiny amount of sodium is required by the body to convey nerve impulses, contract and relax muscles, and maintain the right balance of water and minerals. Yet, consuming too much salt is associated with a higher risk of high blood pressure. This is a major contributor to stroke and heart disease.


Adults should limit their daily sodium intake to 2,300 milligrams, or roughly 1 teaspoon of table salt, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Nonetheless, the CDC reports that Americans typically ingest more than 3,400 mg of sodium daily. In processed meals, especially bread, meats, and sauces, a large number of people unknowingly take high levels of salt.

In the past, persons with heart failure have been advised to monitor their sodium consumption especially carefully to control their condition. Patients with moderate to severe symptoms of heart failure were advised by the Heart Failure Society of America in 2010 to consume less sodium per day than 2,000 mg.

However, whether the dietary salt restriction is beneficial for people with heart failure is still up for debate.

A low-sodium diet may prevent the course of the condition in people with heart failure. This is as per the clinical experiment that was published in 2013.

A more recent clinical experiment, known as the Sodium-HF trial, indicated that cutting back on sodium did not have any clinically significant effects on patients with heart failure.

A Low-Sodium Diet: What Is It?

Sodium is a crucial mineral involved in a variety of vital body processes. This includes cellular activity, fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and blood pressure maintenance.

Your kidneys closely control the amount of this mineral in your body since it is essential to life. Also, it is dependent on the osmolarity (concentration) of physiological fluids.

Most things you eat include sodium, though entire meals like fruits, vegetables, and poultry have far lower quantities. Fresh fruit and other plant-based foods typically contain less sodium than animal-based meals like meat and dairy.

The items that are processed and packed, such as chips, frozen dinners, and fast food, contain the highest concentrations of sodium. This is because salt is added during processing to improve flavor. Adding salt to food while cooking and as a seasoning before eating is a significant contribution to sodium intake.

High-sodium meals and drinks are restricted to a low-sodium diet. These diets are often advised by healthcare professionals to manage ailments like high blood pressure or heart disease.

Is too little salt a thing?

The research team led by Dr. Palicherla looked through numerous databases for randomized clinical studies. They contrasting reduced sodium diets with standard treatment in heart failure patients.

There were a total of nine studies with 3,499 patients in the meta-analysis. The sodium restriction group demonstrated a statistically significant increase in in-hospital mortality. This is compared to usual treatment (risk ratio [RR] 1.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.46-2.31; P0.001), although there was no statistically significant difference in hospitalization between the two groups (RR 1.45; 95%CI; 0.99-2.11; P=0.05).

The researchers came to the conclusion that sodium restriction increased mortality in patients with heart failure based on the findings of the meta-analysis. They add that such recommendations “should be reconsidered” in the absence of any benefits from salt reduction and in the face of increased danger.

Verifying previous research

The study was criticized by several professionals since it contained research that had been removed due to a lack of verification.

Managing director of the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research at Johns Hopkins University and C. David Molina Professor of Medicine, Dr. Lawrence J. Appel, told MNT:

This meta-analysis has a major flaw because it is based on four trials conducted by a single Italian research team (the Paterna and Parrinello investigations), and there have been many issues with their research integrity as well as publication retractions.

Some patients may benefit more

The inclusion of retractions in the meta-analysis was criticized by Graham MacGregor, CBE, professor of cardiovascular medicine at the Wolfson Institute, Queen Mary University of London. “You need to be extremely careful,” he said, adding that patients with heart failure often take diuretics, which cause salt depletion.

The University of Alberta’s Justin A. Ezekowitz, MBBCH, professor of cardiology and director of cardiovascular research, and his team published a related meta-analysis last year.

They came to the conclusion that sodium restriction may be related to improvements in symptoms and quality of life but was not associated with fewer hospitalizations or deaths in patients with heart failure.

Dr. Ezekowitz said “it is a really complex topic” and that he would need to examine more closely at the meta-techniques analysis’s in order to prove the validity of their conclusions when Dr. Palicherla asked him to comment on the new meta-analysis.

“However, more [randomized clinical trials] are required in this area to identify whether patients may benefit more (or less) from a strategy of dietary salt reduction. In either case, the SODIUM-HF study and our meta-analysis will need to be taken into consideration when the U.S. and worldwide guidelines are updated, according to Dr. Ezekowitz.


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What are the side effects of abnormally high vitamin C?

What are the side effects of abnormally high vitamin C?

One of the most important nutrients required for our body to perform several functions is Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid. It is one of the thirteen essential vitamins that a human body requires on a daily basis. Vitamin C is necessary for repairing several tissues and general growth of the body. It plays an important role in making ligaments, blood vessels, tendons, and skin of your body. Also, vitamin C plays an important role for the production of a natural substance called Collagen. It works as a main component for connecting tissues and 1-2% of your body’s muscle build-up.

Sources of Vitamin C

VItamin C is a kind of nutrient that is widely found in a number of fruits and begetables such as:

  • Citrus (oranges, kiwi, lemon, grapefruit)
  • Bell peppers
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Cruciferous vegetables (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower)
  • White potatoes


Serious health issues cannot be resolved with a single vitamin. They frequently cooperate, and other lifestyle choices like getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking are crucial. Nevertheless, studies suggest that vitamin C may be beneficial for your health in the following ways:


Numerous stress-related diseases are correlated with a vitamin C deficit. In alcoholics, smokers, and obese people, it is the first nutrient to become depleted. Additionally, vitamin C levels might serve as an excellent indicator of general health because they are one of the minerals susceptible to stress, according to professionals.


Vitamin C is not a cure for the common cold, but some research suggests that it can help avoid more severe side effects. According to professionals, there is strong evidence that taking vitamin C for colds. Also, the flu can lower the chance of getting pneumonia and lung infections as well as other problems.


Despite contradicting evidence, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition indicated that people with the highest blood levels of vitamin C had a 42% lower risk of stroke than people with the lowest levels.

Aging skin

Vitamin C has an impact on both internal and external body cells, and its antioxidant capabilities may slow down the ageing process. In a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 4,025 women between the ages of 40 and 74 looked at the relationship between nutrient intake and skin aging. It was discovered that higher vitamin C intakes were linked to a decreased risk of wrinkles, skin dryness, and a better skin-aging appearance.

According to several studies, vitamin C may also contribute to:

  • macular degeneration improvement.
  • inflammation reduction.
  • reducing the danger of cardiovascular and cancerous disease.

Dose of vitamin C

It is true that vitamin C supplements are applicable for all groups of people i.e. children, adults, and elderly. Also, it is important that a human body must consume this nutrient based on their age group.

  • For babies upto 6 month old, a 40mg dose is required while 7-12 months old babies need 50mg of vitamin C.
  • Coming to toddlers between 1-3 years, supplement of 15mg and children from 4-8 years old require 25 mg of vitamin c daily.
  • Finally for teenagers and adults, an ideal dose of 60-90 mg/day is recommended with an extreme upper limit of 2000 mg/day.

 However, an individual should recommend to a doctor before taking high doses of vitamin C when dealing with kidney disease, liver disease, gout, etc. 

Deficiency of Vitamin C

Due to low levels of nutrients, people usually take vitamin C supplements to maintain or increase the nutrient level in their body to avoid symptoms of its deficiency.

Low level or deficiency of vitamin C in the body could lead to a number of unwanted and troublesome diseases such as:

Overdose on Vitamin C

It is universally true that vitamin C is very important for a human body’s needs but over intake of this supplement will not only decrease its importance but also increase the risk of several harmful effects to your body. 

Overconsumption of vitamin C could result in unfavourable conditions such as gastrointestinal problems, diarrhea, abdominal cramp, increased risk of cardiovascular disease in post menopause women, tissue damage, etc. 

It is professionally recommended to conduct certain tests to determine a specific amount of vitamin C that will be beneficial for an individual body. 


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What are the possible side effects of using Emergen-C?

What are the possible side effects of using Emergen-C?

Vitamin C and other minerals are found in Emergen-C, a dietary supplement that will strengthen your immune system and give you more energy.

It can be combined with water to make a beverage, and people frequently choose it during the cold and flu season for added infection prevention.

What is Emergen-C?

It is said that Emergen-C, a powdered supplement with high dosages of vitamin C and B vitamins, would strengthen your immune system and give you more energy.

The product is sold in single-serving packets that should be dissolved in 4-6 ounces (118–177 ml) of water before use.

The finished beverage has a gentle fizz and contains 10 oranges’ worth of vitamin C. The ingredients in the original Emergen-C formulation, which is available in 12 varieties, are as follows:

  • 35 calories
  • 6 grammes sugar
  • 1,000 mg, or 1,667% of the daily value, of vitamin C (DV)
  • 10 mg, or 500% of the DV, of vitamin B6
  • 25 mcg, or 417% of the DV, of vitamin B12
  • 100 mcg of vitamin B-9 (25 percent of your RDA)
  • 0.5 mcg of manganese (25 percent of your RDA)
  • 2 mg of zinc (13 percent of your RDA)


  • Immunity can be strengthened by vitamin C. It might also aid in collagen production to support healthy skin.
  • A healthy neurological system and the metabolism of red blood cells and lipids may both be supported by vitamin B-6.
  • Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body, and vitamin B-12 may aid in their production. In order to produce energy, food must be metabolised.
  • Folic acid supports the synthesis of amino acids.
  • Your overall immune system is supported by manganese, which also strengthens your skin and bones.
  • Assists in enhancing immunity is zinc.

How to use Emergen-C Tablet?

Take this medication as indicated, generally once daily. Chew it well before swallowing. Follow all the instructions on the product’s packaging or do what your doctor advises. Never take more than the dosage that is advised. Ask your physician or pharmacist if you have any queries.

To get the most benefit from this medication, take it frequently. Take it at the same time every day to aid in memory.

Side effects of Emergen-C

You could experience diarrhoea, constipation, or a stomachache. These side effects are typically transient and can go away as your body becomes used to the medicine. Inform your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if any of these side effects persist or get worse.

Rarely will this medication cause a very serious allergic reaction. However, if you have any of the following signs of a significant allergic response, you should seek immediate medical attention. Reaction includes rash, itching or swelling (particularly of the face, tongue, or neck), severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing.

The list of potential negative effects is not exhaustive. Contact your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other side effects not covered above.


Drug interactions could alter how your medications function or raise the possibility of major negative side effects. All probable medication interactions are not included in this document. Keep a list of everything you use, including herbal products, prescription and over-the-counter medications, and provide it to your doctor and pharmacist.

Avoid taking your multivitamin, if it contains iron, at the same time as antacids, levodopa, bisphosphonates (such as alendronate), thyroid drugs (such as levothyroxine), or some antibiotics (for example, tetracyclines, quinolones such as ciprofloxacin). Find out how long you should wait between doses from your doctor or pharmacist, and ask them for assistance in creating a dosing schedule that will work with all of your drugs.This medication may affect some lab tests, leading to potentially inaccurate test results. Make sure all of your doctors and lab staff are aware that you use this medication.


Inform your doctor or pharmacist before using this medication if you have any allergies to any of its ingredients or if you have any other allergies. Inactive chemicals in this product have the potential to trigger allergic reactions or other issues. To learn more, speak with your pharmacist.

Inform your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history before using this drug, especially of alcohol use or abuse, liver problems, stomach/intestinal disorders (such as ulcer, colitis).

Tell your doctor or pharmacist before taking your multivitamin if it contains folic acid and you suffer from pernicious anaemia or vitamin B12 deficiency. Without addressing this anaemia, folic acid may have an impact on several laboratory tests for vitamin B12 deficiency. Serious nerve issues could arise from vitamin B12 deficiency if left untreated. For more information, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

This medication may affect some lab tests, leading to potentially inaccurate test results. Make sure all of your doctors and lab staff are aware that you use this medication.

Bottom line

  • The dietary supplement Emergen-C contains significant amounts of the minerals zinc and vitamin D, as well as other vitamins and nutrients critical for immunity and energy levels.
  • It is unclear if these nutrients are beneficial for healthy adults, despite some evidence to the contrary.
  • Although it’s probably safe to use Emergen-C in moderation, taking too much vitamin C, vitamin B6, or zinc may cause stomach trouble, nerve damage, or a copper deficiency.
  • To enhance your immune system, in addition to eating the correct meals, you should also take care of your gut, exercise frequently, get adequate sleep, and manage your stress.

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What are the advantages of using Protein X?

What are the advantages of using Protein X?

What is Protinex?

The Protinex powder is the greatest option if you’re looking for the most effective supplement that will increase your protein consumption while also giving you all the necessary components. It has all the nutrients you need, making it a great addition to your diet. It aids in obtaining the correct body composition while providing all the nutritious components that our bodies require on a daily basis. DANONE produces Protinex powder, and numerous e-commerce websites mention it as a top-selling item. There are other variations of it, including Protinex Grow, Protinex Bytes, and Protinex Junior.

Protinex differs significantly from other protein supplements. It differs from other nutritional supplements available on the market because of its various advantages. Milk powder, maize flour, soy protein, wheat flour, calcium salts, sulphates, folic acid, biotin, and other ingredients are included in Protinex’s formula. It is the ideal combination of all the nutrients needed to participate actively in the race of life.

Protinex Powder Uses

Using Protinex powder, you can treat:


Proteinex is loaded with a number of benefits for a human body if taken as per prescription. SOme of those include:

  • Its protein digests quickly and easily.
  • Being vegetarian makes it difficult to discover in other products on the market.
  • Along with boosting stamina, it also strengthens the immune system.
  • It is a daily health supplement that contains more protein than the competition.
  • It makes the body’s digestion better, which aids in strengthening the body.

Protinex for all Age Groups

Everyone is also aware that protein supplements are typically used by adults. However, this is the only brand that sells a variety of items that may be used by kids and come in a variety of tastes. Children between the ages of 8 and 16 are eligible to use Protinex Junior. Accordingly, the Protinex age range begins at 8 and ends between 40 and 45 years old. Iron, calcium, vitamin A, b, c, e, and protein are all well-represented in this supplement.

Side effects of Protinex

Despite all of Protinex powder’s advantages, there are some negative affects as well. The following negative effects can occur if you use Protinex powder or overeat.

Of all the benefits of Protinex powder, there is side some side effects of protein powder. Here are some side effects if you consume Protinex powder or overeat

  • Kidney Failures
  • Dehydration

Check all of the ingredients, and stay away from milk if you have any allergies or a milk intolerance.

Protinex Advantages

  • reduces weight and helps.
  • Instead of regular protein, it contains hydrolyzed protein, which is more readily absorbed and can be easily digested.
  • The immune system is strengthened and improved by the high protein diet.
  • It supplies an adequate amount of proteins for the development of bones, red blood cells, tissues, and body cells.
  • Regular use of these dietary supplements enhances your digestive system.
  • There are fewer calories in it.
  • It is the supplement that doctors most frequently advise.
  • Compared to other supplements, it has 50% more proteins.
  • It contains comparatively less fat and carbohydrates. It is available in a range of tastes, including strawberry, vanilla, chocolate, elaichi, and fruit combination.
  • Patients who have diabetes can even take it.
  • It even addresses the body’s iron deficiency.


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What are the effects of steroid and creatine on your body?

What are the effects of steroid and creatine on your body?

What is Steroid?

The main male sex hormone, testosterone, can be found in anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), which are a synthetic version of it.

They have an impact on your muscles, hair follicles, bones, liver, kidneys, reproductive system, and nervous system, among other bodily organs. This hormone is produced spontaneously by humans.

Its levels rise in males during puberty to encourage the emergence of male sex characteristics such the development of body hair, a deeper voice, sex drive, and greater height and muscle mass.

What is Creatine?

The best substance for enhancing athletic performance is creatine. Despite its benefits, which have been supported by research, some people steer clear of creatine out of concern for their health.

Some allege it leads to weight gain, cramps, and problems with the liver, kidneys, and/or liver function. But countless research back up its efficacy and safety.

Side effects of creatine

The suggested negative effects of creatine vary depending on who you ask and could include:

  • renal injury
  • liver injury
  • ureteral stones
  • gaining weight
  • bloating, thirst, cramping in the muscles
  • gastrointestinal issues 
  • compartment syndrome
  • rhabdomyolysis

Side effects of steroid

It is doubtful that using steroid tablets for less than three weeks will have any severe negative effects. But if you have to take them for a long time or in a large dose, you can have certain unwanted effects.

Steroid pill side effects can include:

  • bloating or heartburn
  • a harder time falling asleep changes in mood and behaviour, like feeling angry or anxious
  • an increased risk of infections, especially chickenpox, shingles, and measles increased hunger, which could result in weight gain
  • glucose intolerance or diabetes
  • deterioration of the bones (osteoporosis)
  • blood pressure is high
  • Cushing’s disease
  • diseases of the eyes including glaucoma and cataracts
  • mental health issues, such as depression or thoughts of suicide

Is creatine a steroid?

Some people incorrectly assert that creatine is an anabolic steroid, that it shouldn’t be used by women or teens, or that it should only be used by bodybuilders and professional athletes. Despite this unfavourable reputation, the International Society of Sports Nutrition considers creatine to be among the safest and most effective sports supplements.

After taking creatine supplements for 21 months, participants in one study had 69 health markers checked. It discovered no negative impacts. Various illnesses and health issues, such as neuromuscular problems, concussions, diabetes, and muscle loss, have also been treated using creatine.


1. Chemical structure:

  • First Creatine and steroids differ from one other chemically, which is the first and biggest distinction between them. In terms of structure, creatine is composed of amino acids, whereas steroids are a mixture of four conjoined cycloalkane rings. Chemically, these are unrelated or dissimilar.

2. Methods of Intake:

  • The way we consume creatine and steroids also differs. Our bodies naturally contain creatine, which we obtain through eating. However, some people select creatine pills because of the potential bioavailability issues. These are frequently available as creatine monohydrate. The majority of creatine supplements are available as powder, which is diluted in water and consumed.
  • Steroids, particularly testosterone, are analogues of sex hormones. Although it is also produced by our bodies, some people choose to increase their bioavailability by using anabolic steroids. These can be ingested orally or subcutaneously given using injections. Steroids cannot affect the liver by passing through it when taken as injections rather than pills.


  • How steroids and creatine function in your body is another area of distinction. Your body’s ability to store and distribute energy depends on creatine. Creatine can be used by the body to mobilise energy fast and easily because it is primarily stored in your muscles (and a small amount in your brain).
  • Your ATP levels are replenished by creatine, which is also the body’s main source of energy.
    However, anabolic steroids are the testosterone of the male sex hormones. They function by adhering to particular receptor cells in your muscles. They stimulate the production of protein in your body, which is essential for building muscle mass.


  • While both steroids and creatine are used by gym visitors to add muscle, neither one contributes in the same way to that end. The primary function of creatine in muscle growth is to increase your energy. You may increase your intensity and build more muscle in this method. It’s not guaranteed that consuming creatine and doing no exercise would result in muscular growth.
  • Steroids lessen the pain, edoema, and redness brought on by strenuous exercise. Your muscle cells are stimulated to grow when they adhere to them. In contrast to creatine, studies have shown that steroids can enhance your muscle mass without you exercising. Of course, they function best in conjunction with a regular exercise schedule.

5. Legal standing:

  • Additionally, the law distinguishes between creatine and steroids. Steroids are considered restricted substances due to their hazards and negative effects. They are only available with a prescription.
  • Without a prescription, it is unlawful to possess or sell steroids, and violators may face fines and possibly jail time. There are also “legal steroids” for sale. These, however, are neither hormones nor steroids in the conventional sense.
  • They are dietary supplements that urge your body to manufacture more hormones because they are made with natural substances. Although they are legal, these don’t have the same effects (or negative side effects, for that matter) as steroids. Since creatine is not regarded as a performance-enhancing substance, it is allowed. It is available for purchase both offline and online.


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Significance of Myodrol capsules for muscle building.

Significance of Myodrol capsules for muscle building.

What is Myodrol capsule?

The Myodrol supplement is a natural testosterone booster designed to increase testosterone levels naturally, which aids in fat loss and muscle growth.

Since testosterone is what genuinely distinguishes males, they all require it. You become strong, fit, and energetic when your testosterone levels are healthy and well-maintained.

Two medications are combined in the Myodol Tablet to alleviate pain brought on by muscular spasms. It facilitates better muscle movement and eases the pain and suffering brought on by muscle spasms.

Myodrol is just saw palmetto extract that has been standardised. T ake it to help with the health of my prostate. Don’t  go into detail regarding benign prostate enlargement treatment. However, it does relate to the rise in blood serum testosterone and the fall in DHT.

Myodrol Ingredients

The proprietary mix known as Mytosterone is the only ingredient in the Myodrol supplement that is active. This mixture has two elements:

  • Serenoa Repens Extract: This substance is used to increase testosterone.
  • Haematococcus: It serves as an antioxidant in the production of the dietary supplement Myodrol.

Other Ingredients: silicon dioxide, gelatin, and magnesium stearate.

How does it work?

Myodol Tablet combines the painkilling and muscle-relaxing effects of paracetamol with those of chlorzoxazone. Analgesic (pain reliever) and antipyretic, paracetamol (fever reducer). It prevents the brain’s chemical signals that trigger pain and fever from leaving the brain. Muscle relaxants include chlorzoxazone. In order to treat muscle stiffness or spasm, it acts on brain and spinal cord areas.

Benefits of Mydorol

These plant isoflvones increase protein synthesis and lean mass. Other benefits include:

  • lower cholesterol levels
  • an increase state of vitality
  • reduce body fat
  • increase the body’s ability to use oxygen, etc.

When and how to use?

Mydorol is available to us in a form of pill that must be taken by mouth with or without food or as per your doctor’s prescription. The dosage is based on your medical condition and its response to the treatment. Take the medicine at the same time daily to get the most benefits from it.

Do not increase your dosage as it may lead to much decrease in your blood pressure. Do not take this medicine more often than prescribed as the risk of side effects may increase without any improvement in your condition. Discuss all the other medicine that you may be taking with your doctor and consult them in case of any confusion.

Side effects of Myodrol

Some of the most frequent side effects of Mydrol capsules include:

If any of these side effects bother you or do not go away with time, you should let your doctor know. Your doctor may help with ways to reduce or prevent these side effects.

We advise you to speak with your doctor before buying any medications.


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Do certain Vitamins affect a person’s Sexual function?

Do certain Vitamins affect a person’s Sexual function?

The term “erectile dysfunction” (ED) refers to a symptom, not a medical disease. Despite the fact that there are numerous potential reasons of ED, the most prevalent ones are illnesses like diabetes, sleep issues, and heart disease as well as lifestyle choices like smoking and alcohol abuse.

Some of the causes of ED, like ageing, are unavoidable. A healthy lifestyle, according to study, can reduce the risk of ED. For instance, ED rates have been linked to lower levels of physical activity and keeping a healthy body weight. 322 million males worldwide are anticipated to experience erectile dysfunction by 2025.

There is currently relatively little study on how vitamins and vitamin deficits affect sexual health. However, as vitamins are organic substances that are necessary for healthy development and for maintaining biological processes, it follows that a person’s vitamin levels may also have an impact on their sexual function. What is now known about vitamins and their possible effect on sexual function is as follows.

Vitamin D

Perhaps the most thoroughly studied vitamin in terms of sexual health is vitamin D, which is created by exposure to sunlight and is present in fatty fish and fortified milk. Vitamin D seems to assist healthy endothelium function and testosterone synthesis in men. (The endothelium is a thin layer of cells that line the inside of the heart and blood vessels and is essential for managing blood clots, relaxing and constricting blood vessels, and aiding in the body’s immune response.)

Researchers have discovered that vitamin D decreases inflammatory disorders that might harm a person’s vascular function by stimulating nitric oxide and antioxidants in the endothelium. In turn, this might enhance vascular health, which is crucial for erectile performance.

Studies in the past have discovered links between adequate vitamin D levels and enhanced male sexual function. Males who were vitamin D deficient had significantly poorer International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) ratings than men in the control group, according to one such study.

It has been demonstrated that vitamin D benefits females by promoting oestrogen release and the maturation of vaginal cells. When it comes to female sexual function, oestrogen is a crucial hormone because it supports healthy vaginal tissues and adequate lubrication, which makes sex more pleasurable and pleasant for women. In reality, when compared to a placebo, intravaginal vitamin D suppositories have demonstrated positive outcomes in reducing the symptoms of painful sex and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C has been demonstrated to be protective against endothelial dysfunction, much like vitamin D. Nitric oxide availability is aided by vitamin C, a potent antioxidant, which also improves endothelial and vascular function, all of which are necessary for healthy sexual performance. Oranges, lemons, and tomatoes are examples of citrus fruits that contain this vitamin.

Vitamin E

Leydig cells, the main source of testosterone in males, appear to be correlated with vitamin E levels in animal studies. Compared to healthy animals, those with vitamin E deficiency had fewer Leydig cells, smaller testicles, and more testicular injury. While it seems that vitamin E may support the synthesis of testosterone and, consequently, sexual function, it is crucial to ascertain whether these results apply to people. Nuts, seeds, avocados, mangos, and plant-based oils all contain vitamin E.

Vitamin B9 (Folate)

Dark green vegetables, beans, peanuts, complete grains, and peanut butter all contain folate. Similar to other vitamins, it supports normal endothelium function. Additionally, it is crucial for the metabolism of serotonin, which is crucial for controlling ejaculation. A 2014 Chinese study discovered that men’s premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction were both correlated with folate insufficiency. However, more investigation is required to determine how this vitamin might affect human sexual functioning in general.


However, sexual health is made up of many distinct factors, such as neurological processes, vascular function, mental health, and even interpersonal dynamics. Vitamins may enhance good sexual functioning. Therefore, it is unrealistic to believe that taking a multivitamin will help with any sexual health issues. Nevertheless, these findings imply that eating a healthy, balanced diet and taking supplements to make up for any vitamin deficits you might have may be beneficial for your sexual health.


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How much Vitamin K2-7 is good for our body?

How much Vitamin K2-7 is good for our body?

Out of all the K2 Vitamins, Menaquinone K2-7/Mk7 has been identified as the most productive cofactor for chemical reaction. It introduces carboxyl group into a molecule or compound for Gla proteins and matrix Gla-proteins. 

Deficiency of Vitamin K2-7

  • Deficiency of any mineral or nutrient generally takes place due to less amount of nutrient or mineral in the body that causes several deficiency related side effects. Common symptoms for low level K2-7 vitamins consist of mineralization of bones resulting in osteoporosis. Severe deficiency could increase the blood clotting time in an individual body that increases the risk of bruising and bleeding that results in hemorrhage. 

Vitamin K2-7 supplements

Vitamin K2-7 deficiency is rare and most people are often thought to get enough vitamin K from their daily diet. However, any individual at risk of vitamin K deficiency must wish to add dietary supplements into their diet. 

Vitamin K2-7 supplements consist of minerals that are needed when there is not enough calcium consumption through a daily diet. These synthetic supplements maintain or improve the K2-7 level of your body so that several unusual effects of K2-7 deficiency could be prevented.

A beneficial amount of Vitamin K2-7 supplement must be calculated based on an individual’s age, medical conditions, and diet. A quality supplement is necessary for any individual which is available in mygeneric pharmacy websites with certain brand names. 

Vitamin K2-7 intake

  • babies upto 6 months of age need 2 mcg of vitamin K2-7 per day.
  • babies between 6-12 months old need 2.5 mcg of K2-7 daily.
  • toddlers of 1-3 years need 30 mcg of K2-7 everyday
  • children between 4-8 years old require 55 mcg of K2-7 per day
  • children between 9-13 years need 60 mcg per day of K2-7
  • 75 mcg of K2-7 per day is needed for teenager between 14-18 years 
  • above 19 years of male need 120 mcg of K2-7 per day
  • above 19 years of female need 90 mcg of K2-7 per day
  • a pregnant or a lactating female under 19 needs 75 mcg of K2-7 per day.
  • a pregnant or a lactating female above 19 needs 90 mcg of K2-7 per day.

Toxicity of Vitamin K2-7

Generally, almost every mineral is known to cause unusual side effects on our body when a safety limit for a particular mineral is exceeded. However, unlike other minerals and nutrients, K2 is a kind of vitamin that is not stored in the liver with any significant quantity. 

According to the latest research, no adverse effects have been reported or have not been known that are associated with high levels of vitamin K2. However, it is always recommended to stick to a prescribed amount of supplement that is generally based on your health condition, age, gender, and diet, to avoid unwanted complications for no reason. 

Interaction of Vitamin K2-7

Interaction generally refers to potential risk that could develop inside an individual’s body when two or more drugs, substances, medical conditions or therapies interact with one another in a positive or negative manner. There are certain medications that can affect the Vitamin K level in the body. A cholesterol lowering medicine could affect absorption of vitamin K while using antibiotics for a longer duration could kill the gut bacterias that produce vitamin K naturally. Also. blood thinners such as Warfarin could adversely interact with vitamins and could cause unusual symptoms in your body. 

It is advisable to discuss all the medicines you may be taking and your medical conditions before adding vitamin K supplement in your diet.


  • A human body requires Vitamin K2-7 based on their age group, medical condition, diet, and gender.
  • Deficiency of Vitamin K2-7 is rare but consists of several adverse symptoms. 
  • There are a number of K2-7 vitamin supplements available to make-up low vitamin levels of your body when added in your daily diet.
  • high level of vitamin K2 generall;y does not associated any unusual side effect on our body, but toxicity must be avoided.
  • There are certain medicines and medical conditions that must be discussed with the doctor to ensure prevention of interaction with vitamin K2 in your body.


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Improve your Bone health from Vitamin K2-7

Improve your Bone health from Vitamin K2-7

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin that our body cannot produce naturally on its own. This vitamin is necessary for blood clotting, healthy heart, cellular metabolism, and swift healing of wounds. This nutrient is also thought to maintain a strong bone system. There are three types of Vitamin K.

1) Vitamin K1 (Phylloquinone)

This type of vitamin K is found in leafy green plant sources. It makes up about 75-90% of vitamin K that is consumed by the human body.

2) Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone)

This type of vitamin K is found in the source of animal and fermented food products. Also, a small amount of vitamin K2 is produced by gut bacteria inside our body. It consists of several subtypes.

3) Vitamin K3 (Menadione)

This type of vitamin K is a synthetic mineral that is naturally not produced or found. It does not have any use in the human body.

According to some scientific suggestions, the roles of Vitamin K1 and K2 are quite different and there is an appeal for separate nutrient classification for both of these nutrients. However, more research and studies are required to totally understand the functional difference between these two K vitamins.

Vitamin K2-7

There are nine variants of Vitamin K that are determined by the number of organic compound units in their side chains. Vitamin K2-7/K2-MK7 is one of the variants of Vitamin K2 that range from MK-4 to Mk-13 where Mk represents Menaquinone i.e. Vitamin K2. 

Out of all the K2 Vitamins, Menaquinone K2-7/Mk7 has been identified as the most productive cofactor for chemical reaction that introduces carboxyl group into a molecule or compound for Gla proteins and matrix Gla-proteins. 

Natural sources of Vitamin K2-7

A human body cannot produce Vitamin K on its own but needs to consume certain food to get Vitamin K nutrient. There are a number of food products that provide ample amounts of vitamin K2-7 in your body. Such resourceful food products include:

  • Cooked natto,
  • hard cheese,
  • Curd cheese,
  • Soft cheese,
  • Sauerkraut,
  • buckwheat,
  • buttermilk, etc. 

Benefits of Vitamin K2-7

  • play an important role in bone tissue homoeostasis
  • assist joint health.
  • acts as a potent stimulator of bone resorption involved in the regulation and turnover of bone
  • enhances athletic results by increased cardiac results during optimal serum storage in the body.
  • prevent mineralization of blood vessels
  • support properties of anti-cancer
  • supporting cardiovascular health and in preventing the development of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)


  • There are three types of vitamin K namely Vitamin K1(Phylloquinone), Vitamin K2(Menaquinone), and Vitamin K3(Menadione). 
  • Vitamin K2-7 is the most productive type of Vitamin K that is needed for our body.
  • Vitamin K2-7 nutrient could be consumed by several food products that are commonly available.
  • There are a number of health benefits associated with Vitamin K2-7.
  • This nutrient is very essential in metabolism of calcium and maintain the bone health of the body.


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Is too much Vitamin E bad for my health?

Is too much Vitamin E bad for my health?

What is Vitamin E supplement?

Vitamin E supplements are synthetic tablets or capsules that consist of  Alpha tocopherol nutrient. These high quality Vitamin E supplements are available in mygeneric pharmacy with different brand names. They are potent enough to stock up the nutritional need of your body and could be taken daily to maintain the Alpha tocopherol level. These supplements provide a number of beneficial effects in your body such as maintenance and improvement in health of skin, relief in symptoms of osteoarthritis, neutralizes free radicals that cause rusting of cells, used in variety of treatments that include, cancer, neurodegenerative disease and cognitive decline, disorder related to aging of eye, etc.

Interaction of vitamin E

Interaction generally refers to potential risk that could develop inside the body when two or more drugs/substances or medical therapies interact with one another in a positive or negative manner. Vitamin E is a type of protein that has negative interactions with therapies and medications such as simvastatin, niacin, antiplatelet medications, anticoagulant medications, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. A person must discuss these medical parameters before taking any synthetic vitamin E supplement.

Vitamin E deficiency

It is usually rare for an individual body to get vitamin E deficiency, certain diseases and conditions such as Crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis, bile secretion disorder from liver to digestive tract could lead to certain conditions that causes need for extra vitamin E supplements.

Deficiency of vitamin E could cause a number of harmful conditions in your body such as:

  • loss of feeling in arms and legs due to muscle and nerve damage,
  • vision problem,
  • headache and drowsiness,
  • movement control disorder,
  • weakened immune system,
  • muscle weakness,
  • infertility,
  • heart disease,
  • impaired thinking,
  • skin damage,
  • symptoms of oxidative stress, etc.

Risk of too much vitamin E

Overdose of vitamin E especially on the basis of daily food or diet is unlikely to happen.  An individual should make sure that while taking extra vitamin E through synthetic medicines, the limit of 1000 milligrams per day must not be exceeded. Higher doses of this nutrient could cause several unwanted and serious side effects in an individual body that includes increased risk of prostate cancer in men and increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke.


  • Vitamin E is unlikely to happen but consists of serious health conditions which must be avoided with proper diet and supplements.
  • It is advisable to consult a doctor as too much vitamin E nutrient in your body will lead to severe side effects.
  • Also, consult a doctor to avoid risk of any harmful interaction between vitamin E supplement and several other medications and therapies.


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