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Expert note on causes of teeth sensitivity & its treatment.

Expert note on causes of teeth sensitivity & its treatment.

When you have sensitive teeth, it can occasionally be uncomfortable to eat and drink. However, certain natural therapies might help lessen tooth sensitivity.

The condition of sensitive teeth is frequent and curable. One in eight patients who went to dental offices had sensitive teeth, according to a 2013 research.

What is Teeth Sensitivity?

Dentin hypersensitivity, also known as tooth sensitivity, is what it means like. The teeth that become painful or uncomfortable in reaction to particular stimuli, such as hot or cold temperatures, causes sensitivity.

It can affect one tooth, many teeth, or all of the teeth in one person, and it can be a short-term or long-term issue. While sensitive teeth might have a variety of causes, the majority of them can be readily remedied by altering your oral hygiene routine.

Symptoms of sensitive teeth

People who have sensitive teeth may feel pain or discomfort when certain triggers are present. This discomfort may be felt at the tooth roots of the troubled teeth. Among the most typical triggers are:

  • piping hot food and drink
  • chilly foods and drinks
  • chilly air
  • sweet dishes and drinks
  • sour foods and drinks
  • especially while performing routine dental cleanings, cold water
  • flossing or brushing your teeth
  • Alcoholic mouthwashes

Over time, your symptoms could fluctuate without any apparent cause. They could be light or strong.

What causes tooth sensitivity?

The occurrence of sensitive teeth can be caused by a variety of circumstances, such as:

Brushing too strongly:

Over time, vigorous brushing or the use of a toothbrush with a firm bristle can wear down the enamel and expose the dentin. It might also result in gum recession (when your gum tissue pulls away from your teeth).

Gum recession:

Some individuals have thin gum tissue as a genetic predisposition. Periodontal disease also causes gum recession in other people. Gum recession occurs when the gum line recedes from the teeth, exposing the roots.

Gum disease:

Inflamed and painful gum tissue may result in sensitivity because the ligaments that hold the gums in place have been removed, exposing the root surface that directly connects to the tooth’s nerve.

Cracked teeth:

Broken or chipped teeth may allow plaque-containing germs to enter the pulp and cause irritation.

Grinding or clenching:

Doing this to your teeth can wear away the enamel and reveal the dentin beneath.

Products for teeth whitening:

These products are a main cause of tooth discomfort. Speak to a dentist about teeth whitening for sensitive teeth if you wish to improve your smile.


Between the ages of 25 and 30, teeth sensitivity is at its peak.

Plaque accumulation:

Root surface sensitivity may be brought on by the presence of plaque.

Use of mouthwash:

If you have exposed dentin, several over-the-counter mouthwashes include acids that might exacerbate tooth sensitivity (the middle layer of the tooth). The dentin layer of the tooth is further harmed by the acids. Consult your dentist about using a neutral fluoride solution if you experience dentin sensitivity.

Acidic foods:

Erosive enamel can result from routinely consuming foods with a high acid content, such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, pickles, and tea.

Recent dental procedures:

Following fillings, teeth cleanings, and dental restoration placement, patients may experience sensitive teeth. Dental procedure-related sensitivity is transient and often goes away in four to six weeks.

Sensitive teeth diagnosis

Make an appointment with your dentist if this is the first time you’ve noticed tooth sensitivity. You may make a dental appointment with a professional in your neighbourhood. They can examine the condition of your teeth and search for any issues that might be causing the discomfort, such as cavities, loose fillings, or receded gums.

During your regular teeth cleaning, your dentist can perform this. They’ll perform a visual inspection and clean your teeth. They might use dental tools to gently touch your teeth to check for sensitivity, and they might also request an X-ray to rule out other possibilities like cavities.

Treatment of teeth sensitivity

Your dentist can employ a variety of techniques to reduce your discomfort once the issue has been identified, including:

  • toothpaste for teeth that are sensitive
  • The fluoride gel
  • coverings for exposed roots
  • Sealants
  • You can purchase desensitising pastes from your dentist (not to be used with a toothbrush).
  • If you grind your teeth, wear a mouthguard.
  • A root canal may be recommended by your dentist if your condition is serious.

Additionally, it’s critical to avoid avoiding dental care due to tooth pain. Ignoring your teeth can exacerbate the situation. Twice-daily brushing and flossing will maintain your smile healthy and pain-free. Additionally, go to the dentist twice a year for a checkup.

Prevention tips for sensitive teeth

People can lessen tooth sensitivity and safeguard their tooth enamel by:

  • using a fluoride toothpaste to wash your teeth twice a day
  • once daily flossing
  • taking pauses from tooth whitening
  • minimising intake of foods that are high in sugar, carbohydrates, and acids
  • reducing alcohol consumption
  • using a mouthguard at night to avoid clenching and grinding
  • regular dental visits
  • giving up smoking


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Important note on gum diseases and its treatment.

Important note on gum diseases and its treatment.

A non-destructive form of periodontal disease is gingivitis. This condition is sometimes referred to as gum disease. Early gum disease known as gingivitis often has minimal symptoms.

The main forms of gingivitis are two. Dental plaque buildup irritates the gums, causing swelling, discolouration, and pain. This condition is known as plaque-induced gingivitis.

In contrast, bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can cause non-plaque-induced gingival lesions. This kind of gingivitis can also be brought on by infections, allergies, and reactions to foreign objects like dentures.

If either kind of gingivitis is not appropriately treated, it might develop into periodontitis. A more serious condition, periodontitis, can cause additional problems, like tooth loss.

Types of gum infections

In most cases, tooth plaque buildup is what causes gingivitis. Inadequate dental hygiene is only one of several potential contributing variables, which also include:

  • a few drugs, including oral or injectable birth control, cyclosporine, calcium channel blockers, and phenytoin (these medications can cause gingivitis or make it worse because they can lead to an overgrowth of gum tissue and make plaque hard to remove)
  • severe vitamin C deficiency (this is rare in the United States)
  • hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy and menopause
  • leukaemia
  • nickel, a hefty metal that is used in various jewellery
  • exposure to bismuth, a substance present in several cosmetics

Some gum infections that result in gingivitis are unrelated to plaque accumulation. These consist of:

  • some viral or fungal illnesses, like thrush
  • a tooth that is impacted, or one that doesn’t fully emerge (if this happens, the flap of gum over the tooth can trap debris and cause gingivitis)

What causes gingivitis?

In contrast to what we see, your gums actually join your teeth at a place below the gum line. This creates a little void known as a sulcus. An accumulation of food and plaque in this area might result in gingivitis or a gum infection.

Bacterial thin film is known as plaque. It continuously develops on your teeth’s surface. Tartar develops as plaque hardens over time. Plaque that penetrates below the gum line might cause gum infection.

Gingivitis can cause the gums to split from the teeth if it is not treated. This may lead to:

  • harm to the teeth’s supporting bone and soft tissue
  • the tooth to become fragile and loose
  • the tooth’s eventual loss if the illness spreads

Risk factors for gingivitis

Risk factors for gingivitis and periodontitis include the following:

  • Using tobacco to smoke or chew
  • diabetes
  • several drugs, including:
    • oral conceiving pills
    • steroids
    • anticonvulsants
    • blockers of calcium channels
    • chemotherapy
  • Uneven teeth
  • an inadequate fit for dental appliances
  • faulty fillings
  • pregnancy
  • genetic influences
  • weakened immunity, such as that caused by HIV

Symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis

The majority of people are unaware they have gum disease. Gingivitis can exist without showing any symptoms. However, the following signs of gum disease can occur:

  • Symptoms of red, painful, or swollen gums
  • bleeding gums during tooth brushing or flossing
  • gums that are no longer attached to your teeth
  • tooth decay
  • a modification in the way your teeth bite together (malocclusion)
  • pus between the gums and teeth
  • difficulty chewing
  • vulnerable teeth
  • no longer fitting partial dentures
  • bad breath that persists even after brushing your teeth

How is Gum disease diagnosed?

Your gums will be prodded with a small ruler during a dental examination.

  • By probing, you can examine the area for inflammation.
  • Any pockets around your teeth are measured. 1 to 3 millimetres is a normal depth.
  • X-rays may also be requested by your dentist to check for bone loss.

Discuss your symptoms and the causes of your gum disease with your dentist. This could be used to identify gingivitis. If gingivitis is present, a periodontist may be consulted. A dentist who focuses on the treatment of gum disorders is known as a periodontist.

How is gingivitis treated?

To treat gingivitis, you must maintain good oral hygiene. Additionally, if you smoke, you should reduce your intake, and if you have diabetes, you should take care of it. Even though giving up smoking can be challenging, a doctor can assist you in creating a strategy that will work for you.

Other therapies comprise:

  • dental hygiene routine
  • antibacterial drugs
  • surgery
  • brushing teeth

Numerous methods can be utilised to thoroughly clean your teeth without surgery. To avoid causing gum inflammation, they all eliminate plaque and tartar:

  • Scaling. Tartar from both above and below the gum line is removed by teeth scaling.
  • Root thinning. By doing so, the root surface’s rough patches are smoothed down and plaque and tartar are removed.
  • Lasers. In comparison to scaling and root planing, this procedure may eliminate tartar with less discomfort and blood.


Gum disease can be treated with a variety of drugs:

  • Chlorhexidine-containing antiseptic mouthwash can be used to clean your mouth.
  • After root planning, pockets can be filled with timed-release antiseptic antiseptic chips containing chlorhexidine.
  • After scaling and planing, antibiotic microspheres produced with minocycline can be placed into pockets.
  • Inflammation of the gums that persists can be treated with oral antibiotics.
  • An antibiotic called doxycycline helps prevent enzymes from harming teeth.


You may require surgery if your gingivitis is severe, especially if it has led to any bone or gum tissue loss. A periodontist can perform several different kinds of gum surgery, including:

  • flap surgery During a flap surgery, the gums are pulled back and tartar and plaque are removed from deeper places. The gums are then positioned around the tooth and secured with sutures.
  • tissue and bone transplants. When your teeth and jaw are too damaged to repair, grafting may be necessary.
    • To conceal the exposed tooth root, gum graft surgery takes tissue from your mouth’s roof. This lessens further bone and gum deterioration.
    • Your doctor will begin a bone graft operation similarly to a flap procedure, but they will insert a bone graft to help your body replace any missing jaw bone.
  • lengthening of dental crowns. There may be more gum tissue in some gingivitis sufferers. A periodontist can remodel your gum and bone tissue in this situation so that more of your teeth are visible. Additionally, it could be required prior to some dental restoration or cosmetic operations.


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