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Category: Mental health

What are the ways to treat depression?

What are the ways to treat depression?

Depression is a mood disorder characterized by sadness and loss of interest. Known as major depression or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think, behave, and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. In addition to causing emotional and physical problems, it can also make it difficult for you to function at work and at home.

Risk factor of depression

Depression can happen at any age, but often begins in teenage or adulthood. It is now recognized that depression can occur in children and adolescents, although occasionally the symptoms manifest more as irritability than depression. In many cases, chronic anxiety and mood disorders in adults begin as high levels of anxiety in children.

Following are the conditions that is associated as a high risk for the cause of depression.

  • experiencing certain life events
  • having a chronic conditionor cardiovascular disease
  • living with chronic pain
  • lacking social support
  • having had a previous episode of major depression
  • having a lack of successful coping strategies
  • experiencing acute stress
  • using recreational drugs, such as alcohol or amphetamines
  • having sustained a head injury
  • having a neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s
  • having a close relative with depression
  • using some prescription drugs

Treatments:

It is possible to treat depression. The majority of people, however, do not react to treatment immediately and may need to combine treatments or try multiple drugs to get relief. The majority of people who suffer from depression remit their symptoms within 12 months, but it can return at any time.

The most effective treatment for your symptoms may be a combination of treatments, or you may find that one form of treatment is enough to manage your symptoms. Apart from medicine therapy usually adopted by most of the depressed people, in many cases, medical treatments are combined with lifestyle therapies, such as:

1. Psychotherapy:

You can learn skills to cope with negative feelings by speaking with a therapist. The services of a family therapist or a group therapist may also be of benefit to you. The goal of psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy,” is to identify and cope with the factors contributing to a mental health condition, such as depression.

Psychotherapy has been proven to be effective treatment of depression and other psychiatric disorders. A combination of psychological therapy and pharmaceutical treatment is often used. Various types of psychotherapy are available, and some people respond better to certain types.

2. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT):

The goal of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is to uncover unhealthy patterns of thought and identify how they may lead to harmful behaviors, reactions, and beliefs.

It is possible that your therapist will assign you “homework” in which you need to practice replacing negative thoughts with more positive ones.

3. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)

Unlike cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) emphasizes acceptance of uncomfortable thoughts, feelings, and behaviors rather than fighting them.

It is believed that if you accept that change is possible and make a recovery plan, you will be able to change your harmful thoughts or emotions.

4. Psychodynamic therapy:

Talk therapy, or psychodynamic therapy, can help you cope with your everyday life more effectively. Psychodynamic therapy is based on the principle of that the reality you live in today is shaped by your unconscious childhood experiences.

As part of this form of therapy, your therapist will help you reflect on and examine your childhood and experiences in order to help you cope and understand your present situation.

5. Light therapy:

White light can help regulate your mood and reduce depression symptoms. A common use of light therapy is in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder, which has now been renamed major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern.

6. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT):

People with clinical depression can benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which uses electrical currents to induce seizures. Those with severe depression or depression that hasn’t responded to other treatments or antidepressants are prescribed this medication. In an ECT procedure, you will be administered an anesthetic agent, which will cause you to fall asleep for approximately 5-10 minutes.

An electrode will be placed on specific areas of your head and cardiac monitoring pads will be placed on your chest. SHort electric pulses will be passed through them for several minutes. There will be negligible feeling of those pulses un your body and you will wakeup after several minutes.

Patients may also develop memory problems, but these usually reside in the weeks and months after treatment.

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What are the top 5 symptoms of depression?

What are the top 5 symptoms of depression?

What is a depression?

Depression is a mood disorder characterized by sadness and loss of interest. Known as major depression or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think, behave, and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. In addition to causing emotional and physical problems, it can also make it difficult for you to function at work and at home.

You may experience feelings of sadness and/or lose interest in the activities you once enjoyed because of depression. There may be difficulties going about your daily activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living. The good news is that it is also treatable.

Despite the existence of effective treatments for mental disorders, more than 75% of people in low- and middle-income countries do not receive any treatment. There are several barriers to effective mental health care, including a lack of resources, a lack of trained health-care providers, and social stigma associated with mental illness. People with depression in countries of all income levels are frequently misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants even when they do not have the disorder.

Symptoms of depression

In a depressive episode, the individual experiences significant difficulties in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, and/or other important areas. The symptoms generally differs in terms of severity and natured which is based on individual occupation, gender, and age group. Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:

  • Changes in appetite
  • Loss of energy or increased fatigue
  • Increase in purposeless physical activity or slowed movements or speech
  • weight loss or weight gain
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
  • Feeling worthless or guilty
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

Furthermore, medical conditions such as thyroid problems, brain tumors, and vitamin deficiencies can mimic depression symptoms, so it is important to rule out general medical causes.

Depression report worldwide

It is estimated that one in fifteen adults (6.7%) suffer from depression each year. In addition, one in six people (16.6%) will experience depression at some point in their lives. The first signs of depression usually appear during the late teens to mid-20s, but can occur at any age. Depression is more common in women than in men. It is estimated that one third of women will experience a major depressive episode at some point in their lives. In first-degree relatives (parents, children, siblings), depression has a high degree of heritability (approximately 40%).

Triggering events

Events which triggers an individual’s emotional, psychological, or physical events or circumstances that can cause depression symptoms to appear or return are generally categorized as tiggering events. Some of the most general and major triggering events include:

  • The loss of a loved one, the conflict within the family, and the change of a relationship are stressful events in life
  • Recovery from depression is incomplete when depression treatment is stopped too early
  • An illness or medical crisis, such as a new diagnosis or chronic disease such as diabetes or heart disease.

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What are the ways to manage anxiety in move?

What are the ways to manage anxiety in move?

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety can be referred asa response driven by your brain with respect to stress or danger alert. Anxiety can be triggerred in situation which puts you under stress and heavy thinking such as public speaking, examination, important decision making, taking an important test, etc.

Usual anxiety is common in people which is trigger by several situation as mentioned just above. It is generally a mental condition caused by mental and physical stressful event as alone or combination.

When an individual observe anxiety due to triggering event occasionally, it is termed as occational anxiety which is considered as a normal condition. However, getting diagnosed to anxiety disorder is pretty much a different and much worse level.

Anxiety disorder.

Driven from medical condition anxiety, anxiety disorder is worsening stage of anxiety where stress and fear could cause physical interference with oneself or the other. The diagnosed individual might go through extreme worry, stress, or fear with respect to triggering event. This condition may cause serious side effect to the body. The person might also crave for closeness of people that are close to him/her such as relatives, close friends, lover, etc.

Types of Anxiety disorder

  • Agoraphobia– It is a type of anxiety disorder in which you avoid situations or places that might cause you to feel trapped, helpless, or embarrassed.
  • Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition– It comprises symptoms of intense anxiety or panic caused by a medical condition.
  • Generalized anxiety disorder– Worry about ordinary, routine issues, as well as persistent and excessive anxiety and anxiety about activities or events. In addition to being out of proportion to the actual situation, worry affects your physical health. In many cases, it occurs in conjunction with another anxiety disorder or depression.
  • Panic disorder– In this condition, repeated episodes of intense anxiety and fear or terror reach their peak within minutes (panic attacks). A rapid, fluttering, or pounding heart (heart palpitations) may cause feelings of impending doom, shortness of breath, chest pain, or a feeling of impending doom. An individual suffering from panic attacks may worry that they will occur again or avoid situations where they have occurred.
  • Selective mutism– Children with this condition fail to speak consistently in certain situations, such as school, despite being able to speak in other circumstances, such as at home with close family members. The effects of this can be felt at school, at work, and in social settings.
  • Separation anxiety disorder– The disorder consists of anxiety that is excessive for the child’s developmental level and is connected to separation from one’s parents or other adults who play a parental role.
  • Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)– The condition is characterized by high levels of anxiety, fear, and avoidance of social situations due to embarrassment, self-consciousness, and concern about being judged or viewed negatively by others.
  • Specific phobias– They are characterized by a strong sense of anxiety when being exposed to specific objects or situations. Some people are prone to panic attacks as a result of phobias.
  • Substance induced anxiety disorder– When misusing drugs, taking medications, being exposed to toxic substances or withdrawing from drugs, it results in symptoms of intense anxiety or panic.
  • Other specified anxiety disorder and unspecified anxiety disorder– They are anxiety disorders that don’t meet the exact criteria for any other anxiety disorder, but are significant enough to be disruptive and distressing.

Signs and symptoms of Anxiety

The feeling of anxiety varies from person to person. There are many kinds of feelings that can accompany anxiety, from butterflies in the stomach to a racing heart. There might be a disconnect between your mind and body that makes you feel out of control.

Although there are many types of anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
  • Sweating
  • Feeling nervous, restless or tense
  • Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom
  • Having an increased heart rate
  • Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems
  • Having difficulty controlling worry
  • Having the urge to avoid things that trigger anxiety
  • Trembling
  • Feeling weak or tired
  • Trouble concentrating or thinking about anything other than the present worry
  • Having trouble sleeping

Side effects of Anxiety disorder.

Anxiety attack generally causes several side effects in your body which can range from normal to severe condition. Following are several side effects associated with anxiety disorder.

Treatments:

You can’t predict what will cause someone to develop an anxiety disorder, but you can take steps to reduce the impact of symptoms.

When you’ve been diagnosed with anxiety, you can discuss treatment options with your doctor. It is, however, possible to overcome the symptoms and live a more manageable day-to-day life with the help of treatment.

As per nature and severity of anxiety, the treatments are classified into three general categories:

  • A psychotherapy session. Visiting a therapist or psychologist can help you learn how to cope with stress when it occurs. There are several types of therapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure response prevention.
  • Complementary health techniques. Alternative methods of treating anxiety include mindfulness, yoga, and self-management strategies such as stress management.
  • Medication. It is common for doctors to prescribe antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs.

For short-term symptom relief, benzodiazepines can be used, but they’re usually avoided due to the high dependence risk. The use of antianxiety and antidepressant medications such as escitalopram has been shown to improve mood and reduce stress by altering brain chemistry.

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