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Lets Understand Why You Have Migraine During Your Period.

Lets Understand Why You Have Migraine During Your Period.

According to a recent study, migraine attacks in cisgender women who are menstruating may be brought on by an increase in the peptide CGRP, which has been associated with migraines. The study found that this increase correlated with a drop in oestrogen that happens after menstruation.

In spite of the fact that these individuals may still experience migraine attacks, the study did not detect an increase in CGRP in those who used contraceptives or had undergone menopause.

Since many years ago, experts have recognised a link between the beginning of menstruation-related migraine episodes and a decline in oestrogen levels. The exact workings of this relationship, nevertheless, are still unknown.

A recent study discovered that levels of a peptide linked to migraines fluctuate along with hormonal levels during the menstrual cycle. The calcitonin gene-related peptide, or CGRP, is present in greater amounts during the decline in oestrogen that happens at the start of menstruation.

If you get migraine attacks, you might have observed a rise in frequency around the time of your period. This is not rare, and it might also be related to the oestrogen levels dropping prior to menstruation. Hormones can cause migraine during pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause.

Menstrual migraine symptoms

The symptoms of a menstrual migraine are comparable to those of other migraine types without an aura or other sensory abnormalities. They typically start 1 or 2 days after your menstruation starts.

Menstrual migraines are frequently divided into two types:

  • Menstrual migraine: This more frequent type can have vision abnormalities as one or more of the aura symptoms. Other periods of the month may have episodes of the migraine.
  • Pure menstrual migraines: They only happen before or after your menstruation starts.

Typical menstrual migraine signs include the following:

  • one side of the head typically experiences excruciating head ache.
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sensitivity to loud noises and light

Menstrual migraine attacks may be accompanied with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms as bloating, breast tenderness, nausea, and mood swings.

How do hormone levels affect migraine?

Hormone fluctuations can cause migraine episodes. Certain drugs, such as birth control pills, can also contribute to them.


The National Headache Foundation estimates that 60 percent of women who suffer from migraines also experience menstrual migraine attacks. This can occur anywhere from two days before and three days following the conclusion of the menstrual cycle.

When a person starts menstruating, migraines may start, although they can start at any moment. Through menopause and the reproductive years, your attacks may remain.

Menopause and the perimenopause

During perimenopause, decreasing levels of oestrogen and other hormones, such as progesterone, might result in migraine headaches.

Perimenopause typically begins 4 years before to menopause, however it can start as early as 8 to 10 years prior to menopause. Moreover, migraines can occur in those taking hormone replacement therapy.


The first trimester of pregnancy is when pregnancy hormone headaches are most prevalent. This is brought on by an increase in blood volume and hormone levels.

Common headaches are another condition that might affect pregnant ladies. These can be caused by a variety of factors, such as caffeine withdrawal, dehydration, and bad posture.

Is it migraine or a headache?

A migraine episode is distinct from a regular headache. They commonly affect one side of the brain and create intense, throbbing pain. There are two types of migraines: “with aura” and “without aura.”

In the 30 minutes prior to your attack, you might experience one or more of the following signs and symptoms if you have migraine with aura:

  • observing light-flashes
  • noticing odd lines or patches
  • a momentary blindness
  • Hands or face numbness
  • tingling feelings in the face or hands
  • alterations in speech
  • weakness
  • unexpected alterations in flavour, smell, or touch

Aura-related migraine symptoms might also include the following:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • intolerance to sound or light
  • discomfort behind one or both ears.
  • one or both temples are hurting

Typical headaches never start with an aura and usually hurt less than migraines. There are numerous types of headaches, such as:

  • Tension headaches. Tension headaches can be brought on by high amounts of stress and worry. They might also be brought on by strained or tense muscles.
  • Clusters headaches. These headaches are frequently confused with migraines. Usually affecting one side of the head, they can also involve other signs and symptoms like runny nose, watery eyes, and nasal congestion.

Other causes of migraine attacks

Depending on your age and family history, you may experience menstrual migraines or migraines without a clear cause. You are more vulnerable just because you are a woman.

Obviously, you have little control over your gender, age, or family history, but keeping a migraine diary can be beneficial. This can assist you in locating and averting triggers.

Possible triggers include:

  • bad sleep patterns
  • drinking alcohol
  • consuming tyramine-rich foods like smoked fish, cured or smoked meat and cheese, avocado, dried fruit, bananas, aged food of any type, and chocolate
  • consuming a lot of caffeine-containing beverages
  • exposure to unusual weather patterns or situations
  • stress
  • fatigue
  • fasting
  • exposure to extremely high, intense light levels or noise
  • smelling harsh aromas from chemicals, cleaning supplies, perfume, and automobile exhaust
  • using artificial sweeteners as food
  • ingesting artificial flavours and colours like monosodium glutamate (MSG)

How is migraine diagnosed?

If you have migraine symptoms, your doctor will frequently begin by performing a physical examination and asking you about your family’s medical history to rule out any potential underlying illnesses.

Your doctor may suggest additional testing, such as the following if they believe anything other than hormones is causing your migraine attacks:

  • test of blood
  • an MRI
  • CT scan
  • Spinal tap, lumbar puncture


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Innovative ways to manage the migraine naturally.

Innovative ways to manage the migraine naturally.

The excruciating headache pain associated with migraines is not unknown to all fo us, but did you know that one in seven people also suffer from them. Out of every four migraine sufferers are female, and that migraine is the leading cause of disability among youths?

You’d think that modern medicine would have found a cure for migraine by now given how widespread it is. Also, how many people are affected worldwide, but alas, this is still a problem.

There are many various medications that doctors can recommend to treat or prevent symptoms. However, there are also several highly effective non-drug alternatives that can assist manage this crippling condition.

Drug free approach for migraine

There may be valid reasons to avoid drugs if you can, despite the fact that they can be a useful tool.

Due to adverse effects, some medications are not safe to take during pregnancy or while nursing. Also, some have negative drug interactions with those used to treat other conditions. This means that not everyone can take migraine treatments.

It makes perfect sense to investigate alternative methods to lessen the suffering of migraine episodes given that they can be pricey and non-drug alternatives can offer effective control over the illness.

Let’s go over some of the most important methods for treating migraines naturally, as determined by the most recent scientific findings.

Discover your occurrences

Most likely, you’ve already heard that certain things might trigger migraine attacks in certain people. However, do you know what it is that triggers your migraines? The first step in creating non-drug measures to minimise your exposure and lessen migraine attacks is being aware of what for you turns the switch.

Stress and anxiety, irregular sleep patterns, menstruation, hunger and skipping meals, dehydration, chocolate, alcohol, excessive caffeine use, loud noises, bright lights, exhaustion, too much physical activity, changes in the weather and altitude, and strong odours and smoke are some of the most common trigger factors.

Although we cannot completely avoid all triggers, knowing your particular trigger and minimising your exposure to it—or attempting to avoid a mixture of triggers—can have a good impact.

Drop some pounds

In addition to the many additional health advantages of losing a few pounds, research have shown that doing so can aid in the avoidance of migraines.

Altering one’s diet may result in weight loss, which may help people avoid migraine attacks. This is due to the possibility that fat could cause migraines in some persons.

Typical instances of meals that can cause migraines include:

  • refined meats
  • alcohol
  • chocolate
  • caffeine

By keeping a symptom journal and scanning for patterns, people might attempt to pinpoint potential migraine causes.

Recognize and treat linked conditions

We are aware that conditions like worry, stress, and depression are linked to a rise in migraine attacks. A migraine can be treated and managed by determining whether you have any of these linked conditions and treating them.

Developing natural relaxation techniques can be a useful migraine management tool because stress and worry can be major migraine triggers. Try numerous methods for stress reduction and mindfulness, CBT, or stress management. There are several apps available today for meditation that can be helpful.

More than 80% of migraine sufferers claim that stress is a migraine trigger, according to the American Headache Society. You may experience a reduction in migraine frequency by learning better stress management techniques.

Nerve stimulation devices and acupuncture

Devices that stimulate the central or peripheral nervous system are available and have been shown to have some beneficial impacts on migraine outcomes. Neuromodulation treatments are generally regarded as safe, but keep in mind that not everyone is a good candidate for them. To learn more, consult your physician. If you prefer anything else, acupuncture has shown some encouraging outcomes in some individuals.

With acupuncture, very small needles are injected into specific points on your skin to promote relief from a wide range of medical ailments.

In a 2020 randomised controlled research, it was discovered that manual acupuncture, administered over the course of 20 sessions, was superior to sham acupuncture, administered over the course of normal treatment, in terms of avoiding migraines in patients with a history of episodic migraine without aura. The needles are not put as deeply during a procedure called sham acupuncture.

Nutritional supplements

Natural supplements including magnesium, coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), and riboflavin (vitamin B2) have been shown to be effective in treating migraines. Once more, discuss with your doctor whether these strategies would be beneficial for you.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that not every intervention for treating migraines will be effective for everyone and that both drug and non-drug treatments should be taken into consideration.

The idea is to educate yourself as much as you can on the condition and spread awareness among everyone who can—not just migraine sufferers themselves, but also their friends and relatives.

Even while we may not be able to eradicate migraine worldwide, by working together, we can raise awareness of the condition and help the local community better manage migraine victims.



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