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Category: Inflammation

Can we manage chronic inflammation with psoriasis?

Can we manage chronic inflammation with psoriasis?

Psoriasis is regarded by medical professionals as an immune-mediated inflammatory illness even though the actual origin is uncertain. This indicates that the underlying cause of the disease is inflammation.

Psoriasis affects up to 3% of people in the US. It can affect other bodily components, such as the joints and eyes, and manifest signs on the skin, such as elevated plaques and discoloration.

According to experts, inflammation may be the common culprit affecting these various locations.

Psoriasis: What is it?

Skin inflammation is brought on by the autoimmune disease psoriasis. Psoriasis symptoms include thick patches of scale-covered, discolored skin. Plaques are the name for these scaly, thick patches.

As a chronic skin disorder with no known cure, psoriasis can flare up at any time.

Psoriasis comes in a variety of forms, including:

Plaque psoriasis: The most prevalent form of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis affects between 80% and 90% of those with psoriasis.

  • Inverse psoriasis: This kind develops in the creases of your skin. It results in tiny, scale-free plaques.
  • Guttate psoriasis: A streptococcal infection-related sore throat may be followed by the development of guttate psoriasis. It frequently affects children and young adults and appears as tiny, red, drop-shaped scaly patches.
  • Pustular psoriasis: This form of the condition features tiny, pus-filled lumps on top of plaques.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis: This form of psoriasis is severe and affects a significant portion (greater than 90%) of your skin. Skin shedding and extensive skin discolouration are the results.
  • Sebopsoriasis: This kind often manifests as lumps and plaques with a greasy, yellow scale on your face and scalp. This is a hybrid of seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis.
  • Psoriasis of the nails: Psoriasis of the nails can change your fingernails and toenails as well as the skin of your hands and feet.

What results in psoriasis inflammation?

Immune system malfunction in psoriasis patients leads to an accumulation of inflammatory cells in the dermis, the middle layer of skin. Additionally, the disease accelerates the proliferation of skin cells in the epidermis, the top layer of the skin.

Skin cells typically develop and slough off over the course of a month. In those with psoriasis, this process accelerates to only a few days. Skin cells accumulate on the skin’s surface instead of being shed, causing painful symptoms such elevated plaques, scales, edoema, and redness or discolouration.

Even though psoriasis is a skin disorder, the inflammation it causes affects the entire body. It can raise the risk of cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriatic arthritis, heart disease, and others.

Is inflammation curable in any way?

Although immune system dysregulation is the cause of the inflammation in psoriasis, research indicates that patients can lessen this inflammation by making dietary and lifestyle adjustments. This may aid in symptom reduction and quality-of-life enhancement.

Many psoriasis sufferers can sustain remission—a prolonged period without having psoriasis symptoms—using these techniques.

In addition, certain psoriasis treatments work by lowering inflammation. Topical corticosteroids, biologics for injection, and oral drugs are some of these.

Psoriasis affects people differently. Some patients will need longer-term care than others.

Managing inflammation

Although there is presently no cure for psoriasis, the following behaviors may lessen inflammation caused by psoriasis and raise a person’s chances of going into remission.

Consuming a wholesome diet

Diet and systemic inflammation are closely related. According to studies, some inflammatory food habits might worsen psoriasis symptoms and increase the likelihood of developing the condition.

Everybody’s definition of a healthy diet is unique. However, the actions listed below could assist someone in establishing one:

Avoiding pro-inflammatory foods: Some foods and drinks include ingredients that promote inflammation, which exacerbates psoriasis symptoms. Soda and highly processed foods like salty snacks, sweets, and animal items are two examples.

A diet high in fruits, vegetables, and other nutrient-dense foods has been shown to reliably reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. For instance, a 2018 study of 35,735 individuals, 3,557 of whom had psoriasis, found that those who consumed a diet similar to the Mediterranean diet had fewer severe cases of psoriasis than those who did not.

Being healthy in terms of weight

A risk factor for the onset of psoriasis is obesity. Overweight or obese psoriasis sufferers may also have more severe symptoms than those who are of moderate weight.

In individuals with excess body weight, weight loss may lower inflammatory indicators and assist in reducing psoriasis symptoms.

In a 2020 study, it was discovered that individuals with psoriasis and obesity or overweight who underwent a 10-week program to lose 12% of their body weight saw a 50–75% reduction in the severity of their psoriasis. An average of 23 pounds were lost by participants.

Introducing additional healthful practises

There are a number of behaviorist that might lessen inflammation and enhance psoriasis symptoms, including:

  • Avoiding or giving up smoking: Smoking hurts one’s health and aggravates inflammatory conditions like psoriasis.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption: Drinking too much might aggravate psoriasis symptoms and cause inflammation.
  • Staying active can assist with psoriasis symptoms by preventing extended periods of inactivity. According to one assessment of the literature, those with psoriasis who lead sedentary lifestyles experience more severe symptoms than those who engage in regular exercise.
  • Getting enough sleep: A lack of sleep can cause the body to become inflammatory. According to studies, getting little or no sleep might raise blood levels of inflammatory indicators. Adults should sleep for 7-9 hours every night, according to experts, to maintain good health.
  • Managing stress: Long-term stress causes the immune system to become overactive and promotes inflammation. Up to 88% of psoriasis sufferers cite stress as a symptom cause. Stress-relieving exercises like yoga and meditation may be beneficial.

When should I get medical help?

Anyone who is going through a psoriasis flare and is curious about how to lessen the symptoms and inflammation of the condition might want to think about consulting their healthcare team, which includes their dermatologist.

They can offer suggestions for diet and lifestyle modifications that may help lower inflammation and lessen psoriasis symptoms, as well as treatment options depend on the severity of the symptoms. Additionally, they could advise taking vitamins or supplements.


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How coffee helps lower type 2 diabetes risk?

How coffee helps lower type 2 diabetes risk?

A significant new study investigates the mechanisms underlying the well-established link between coffee drinking and a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes.

According to the study, coffee’s anti-inflammatory characteristics may account for a major portion of its positive effects. Pro-inflammatory biomarkers seem to decrease with coffee consumption while anti-inflammatory biomarkers rise.

Coffee consumption has been associated to a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes. According to a recent study, the connection is well-established, although the exact mechanism is still unknown.

Another study contends that through reducing subclinical inflammation, coffee consumption may reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The advantage was greatest in espresso or filtered ground coffee consumers and non-smokers or never-smokers.

Data set on coffee and type 2 diabetes

The authors of the study examined a sizable data set from participants in two population-based studies: the Rotterdam Study in the Netherlands and the UK Biobank.

The 502,536 participants in the UK Biobank cohort were from England, Scotland, and Wales and enrolled in the study between April 2006 and December 2010. They ranged in age from 37 to 73. Follow-up information on these people became accessible in 2017.

The Rotterdam Study, which started in 1990 and will eventually include 14,929 people, is still ongoing. In 2015, follow-up information was revealed. Researchers found alterations in the levels of type 2 diabetes-associated biomarkers connected to inflammation in the study.

Researchers found that those who increased their daily intake of coffee by just one cup had a 4% lower risk of type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. This reduction in risk was most likely brought about by decreased inflammation, the study’s authors speculate.

The current study’s “main strength is the large number of individuals included in the cohorts, the long follow-up time, and the comprehensive assessment of inflammatory markers,” according to Dr. Angélica Amato, associate professor in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Brasil who was not involved in it.

Effects of coffee on inflammation

The Rotterdam Project and the UK Biobank provided the researchers with the 152,479 participants’ health records for evaluation. They examined the daily coffee consumption of the participants, which ranged from 0 to about 6 cups, as well as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes across a 13-year period.

By the use of fasting blood samples, the team also assessed levels of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, and adiponectin as well as indicators of insulin resistance.

The researchers discovered that drinking an extra cup of coffee each day was linked to a 4–6% decreased chance of developing diabetes.

Greater levels of interleukin-13 and adiponectin concentrations, which have anti-inflammatory effects, were linked to higher levels of coffee consumption instead of lower levels of CRP and leptin, pro-inflammatory markers. Blood glucose levels can be lowered by adiponectin’s ability to make people more sensitive to insulin.

Researchers believe that drinking coffee can help lower inflammatory biomarkers, which are known to rise in the body when there is inflammation, as is the situation with type 2 diabetes.

The researchers also think that the type of coffee is important because espresso or filtered coffee was more closely related to risk reduction.

According to Andrew Odegaard, PhD, an associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the University of California, Irvine, the results are consistent with earlier research that found a relationship between higher levels of coffee consumption and a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes across various populations and demographics.

Odegaard noted that more information is required to fully grasp the potential pathways, but that “the mediating estimates of inflammation provide evidence on a major postulated mechanism.”

Enjoy coffee but avoid relying on it

Tan would not necessarily recommend it to individuals wanting to protect themselves. Tan says persons with diabetes and those at risk for the condition should feel comfortable consuming black coffee or espresso.

There are alternative strategies that have been more thoroughly researched to lower the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and general health, according to Tan.

Tan advises increasing physical exercise, reducing inactive time, abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, having a balanced diet, and, if at all feasible, avoiding specific drugs that can worsen hyperglycemia in order to reduce one’s chance of developing diabetes.

She exhorts them to consider the kind of coffee they consume. Moreover, Tan remarked, “I would like to caution patients that the study indicated the most benefit from filtered coffee or espresso rather than from coffee beverages that can include very high amounts of sugar and fat.”

Why inflammation matters in diabetes?

Dr. Amato expressed his concern that a longitudinal study like this one could not be used to conclusively prove causality. She did, however, add that “it is most likely that the association between coffee use and reduced type 2 diabetes risk is due to decreased insulin resistance, one of the physiopathological pathways underpinning the development of type 2 diabetes.”

Insulin produced by the pancreas cannot regulate blood sugar levels in persons with type 2 diabetes. These levels are able to escalate dangerously out of control due to such insulin resistance.

According to Dr. Amato, subclinical inflammation, which is reportedly reduced by coffee drinking, has a significant role in insulin resistance.

Dr. Kausel continued, “Adipokine released by adipocytes has anti-inflammatory benefits in addition to making patients more sensitive to insulin. Further enhancing insulin sensitivity and lowering systemic inflammation are coffee’s polyphenol components.

Dr. Ochoa-Rosales advised patients worried about preventing type 2 diabetes to take a stance against inflammation by consuming a diet high in polyphenols from fruits and vegetables.

Smokers don’t get the same coffee benefits

The researchers also discovered that among people who smoke, coffee’s health benefits were less pronounced.

According to Dr. Ochoa-Rosales, “there is a correlation between smoking and higher coffee consumption – heavy coffee consumers are often smokers,” therefore the researchers first considered smoking a confounding factor in their analysis.

Nevertheless, when they investigated the impact of coffee consumption on diabetes risk among smokers, non-smokers, and never-smokers, they discovered that the effect of coffee’s positive relationship with decreased C-reactive protein and type 2 diabetes risk was only present among former- and never-smokers.

Treating and avoiding type 2 diabetes

Although the link between inflammatory markers and cardiovascular disease has been researched, Dr. Kausel pointed out that the new study offers a “fresh perspective.”

However finding increasing your coffee intake won’t likely prevent type 2 diabetes, “anything that lowers these inflammation indicators can be acquired as a daily routine, and since most people consume coffee, it’s a good thing to know,” she continued.

Dr. Ochoa-Rosales noted that there is already increased interest in treatments that target inflammatory indicators as a result of the substantial body of information linking systemic inflammation to the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Dr. Amato acknowledged this and suggested that the biomarkers identified in the study could serve as “promising targets” for therapeutic treatment of type 2 diabetes:

“Exploring the precise mechanisms by which the bioactive components of coffee function to elucidate potential targets and pathways that may be addressed to treat or prevent the disease” is another fascinating option.

No matter what new pharmacological targets are discovered as a result of research like this one, Dr. Kausel emphasised that “if individuals don’t start thinking about healthy practises, it will be impossible to avoid the disease.”

Dr. Kausel underlined that eating a good diet is the major component in preventing diabetes.


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Innovative remedies to when you feel facial swollen.

Innovative remedies to when you feel facial swollen.

You might be able to minimise facial swelling with dietary adjustments, ice, or other natural therapies depending on the cause. It is not unusual for people to experience facial swelling due to an injury, allergy, medicine, illness, or other medical condition.

the positive news You can employ a variety of conventional and alternative treatments to lessen the swelling or inflammation you’re experiencing.

How come my face is swollen? The body’s reaction to an injury or insult, according to Dr. Janette Nesheiwat, MD, is facial edoema. She continues, “It’s our body’s response to defending or fending off an illness or exposure to an allergy, toxin, or shock.”

She says that while inflammatory cells are activated by trauma or after surgery, which results in the swelling, numerous body cells produce chemicals in reaction to an insult to the face or another body area.

How to lessen facial edoema after sleeping

For many people, waking up with puffy lips or a face is pretty common.

According to Nesheiwat, “this can be brought on by eating too much salt the night before, drinking too much alcohol, not drinking enough water, allergies, mould, dust, pollen, hormone changes, how you sleep with your face on the pillow, and good ole stress can increase inflammation which causes swelling.”

Try one of Nesheiwat’s suggestions to lessen morning facial swelling:

  • Washing your face in cool water when you wake up will help to minimise puffiness.
  • Prior to going to bed, stay away from processed foods and foods high in salt (and in general).
  • Avoid going to bed wearing makeup since it can create skin inflammation, which can lead to the morning puffiness of the face.
  • Remain hydrated. Make sure you’re getting lots of water throughout the day.
  • Avoid drinking too much.
  • Avoid sleeping on your stomach.
  • Apply cold cucumbers to the swelling regions. Antioxidants found in cucumbers aid to reduce swollen eyes.

Reduce facial swelling due to allergic reactions

Allergic responses that result in face edoema can be brought on by food, medicines, insect or bee stings, or even infections.

If the airway swells up, facial swelling brought on by a severe allergic reaction may be harmful. This situation is the most hazardous since it occasionally involves the tongue, throat, or airway. According to Nesheiwat, this can be fatal and is often treated with an EpiPen.

She advises calling 911 or rushing to the hospital as soon as you see any swelling or closing down of your lips, tongue, or throat. However, Nesheiwat advises using a cold pack and an antihistamine if you have a slight rash or swelling.

She does caution you to contact a doctor right away if the edoema worsens or you notice little to no change. Your doctor could advise you to take steroids depending on what caused the allergic response and edoema.

Minimise bruising and swelling in the face

In the event that you have a facial injury, there may be some swelling there. You can also have swelling in other locations, depending on the nature and extent of the injury. These considerations will affect the technique you use to minimise the swelling.

“Icing the region of injury as soon as possible is the greatest thing to do to reduce swelling due to an injury,” advises Nesheiwat. Your next course of action will depend on the severity of the injury. Nesheiwat advises seeking medical attention right away if you experience any headaches, bleeding, or bruises.

An internal facial or head injury can also show external symptoms like bleeding or bruising.

Reduce facial swelling and bruising on the face

Make careful to continue the at-home treatments because it can take one to two weeks for bruises to go away. Nesheiwat advises using ice, water, arnica, and bromelain to lessen minor facial swelling and bruising (pineapple enzyme).

You may also want to avoid lying flat when sleeping, and attempt to keep your head slightly elevated. These recommendations also apply following surgery.

A doctor should always be consulted before taking any medication, even over-the-counter ones, according to Nesheiwat. “Anti-inflammatory drugs can sometimes assist with pain and symptoms, but you should always check with your doctor first before taking any medication,” she adds.

The secret is to be patient if you want to reduce swelling in your face after an injury (and lots of it).

Reduce facial swelling after surgery

Surgery-related edoema, in contrast to other sources of inflammation, can take at least a few days to subside (often five to seven days). You can apply a few of the suggestions for bruises when it comes to the best ways to reduce facial edoema following surgery. One of the best things you can do is to apply an ice or cold pack to your face.

You should apply ice to the swollen area for 10 to 20 minutes at a time, but your doctor probably has a specific procedure for you to follow. Most doctors would advise you to do this at least three times per day, depending on your tolerance.

Generalized facial swelling might endure for a variety of durations, depending on the type and amount of any jaw surgery you’re recovering from. Once you know what you’re dealing with, you can come up with a plan of attack.

Some of the more common ways to reduce facial swelling include:

  • obtaining more sleep. Sleep is a crucial component of physical health and recovery, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
  • You should drink more water and other liquids.
  • putting a cold compress on the area that is swollen.
  • using a heated compress to encourage the flow of fluid accumulation
  • If you do so near your eyes, use caution because this region’s skin is more delicate.
  • Using the right antihistamine or allergy medication (over-the-counter medication or prescription).
  • using an NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug).
  • employing home treatments for a tooth abscess in addition to taking antibiotics.
  • If the edema is only slight, try rubbing the region to encourage blood flow or applying cucumber slices or tea bags to the affected area.

A common reaction to everything, from consuming a lot of salt to having a serious medical emergency, is facial swelling. As long as your swelling does not require immediate medical attention, the at-home treatments and therapies that are available are fantastic.



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