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What happens when you are diagnosed with asthma?

What happens when you are diagnosed with asthma?

Asthma is a respiratory condition in which a person’s airways are inflamed, narrowed and swollen, causing extra mucus to build up, making it difficult to breath. The severity of this condition could range from mild to serious. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 25 million Americans suffer fromTrusted Source have asthma. It is the most common chronic condition among American children. One child out of every twelve suffers from itTrusted Source has asthma. 

Asthma is a major noncommunicable disease (NCD), affecting both children and adults, and is the most common chronic disease among children. Most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle-income countries, where under-diagnosis and under-treatment is a challenge.

What is an asthma attack?

Under normal conditions, whena person breathes, the muscles that are present around our airways relaxed which makes it easy for the air to get inhaled and exhaled. This is the procedure of respiratory muscle under normal and ideal condition.

When a person experience asthma, there could be any of the three reasons mentioned below.

Bronchospasm:

It causes the muscles surrounding the airways to constrict (tighten). Tightening them makes your airways narrow. When the airways are constricted, air cannot flow freely.

Inflammation:

It causes the linning of your airways to become swollen. This reduces the passage diameter causing less amount of air to travel through and from your lungs.

Mucus production:

When you experience asthma attack, your body produces mucus. This thick substance blocks the air passage making it difficult to breathe.

Wheezing is the sound your airways make when you breathe out when your airways are constricting. Also known as an asthma attack flare-up or exacerbation, asthma attacks can be difficult to control. An asthmatic who does not control his or her asthma is said to have uncontrolled asthma.

Symtpoms of Asthma

The most common symptoms associated with asthma is wheezing, as per studies and reports. It is the sound of whistling or squealing while sleeping. There are several other common symptoms such as:

  • difficulty talking
  • anxiousness or panic
  • coughing,
  • tightness in the chest
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • chest pain
  • trouble sleeping
  • rapid breathing
  • frequent infections, etc.

Types of asthma

Asthma is generally classified on the based of severity and frequency of symptoms occurence. As per health expert, asthma is divided into two types.

1. Intermittent:

This type of asthma could be mild to moderate which occurs and goes away frequently. The diagnosed person could feel normal between those flares.

2. Persistent

This types of asthma means that the diagnosed person experience symptoms most of the time. Symptoms could range fom mild to severe in nature.

These asthma types are classified on bases of how well you can manage general things during the occurence of attack as well.

Causes of Asthma

1. Allergies.

Urbanization is associated with increased asthma prevalence, probably due to multiple lifestyle factors. People dealing with allergies such as eczema or hay fever are more likely to et diagnosed with asthma.

2. Environment factors.

Most of the people hve often experience worsening of their asthma condition in polluted air. The substance present in those polluted air could be toxins, allergens, harmful smokes, and fumes.

3. Genetics.

Asthma is a kind of medical condition which could get passed on to the upcoming generation. An individual is at risk who has a family history of getting asthma diagnosed.

4. Respiratory infections.

There are certain respiratory tract infections which are known to cause damage espeially in children’s developing lungs. This may result in asthma

It is necessary to consult a doctor to know the reason that triggers the asthma attack. Avoid such triggering event by dealing wisely with them. Although, asthma attack is a kind of condition that could not be prevented.

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