Browsed by
Category: Ulcers

Is Mirikizumab useful for ulcerative colitis as per study?

Is Mirikizumab useful for ulcerative colitis as per study?

In a recent clinical trial, a novel drug being developed to treat ulcerative colitis showed promise.

Researchers found that those receiving the medication lebrikizumab experienced remission from ulcerative colitis twice as frequently as those taking a placebo.

The results, according to experts, are encouraging; nonetheless, more clinical trials are required because the medicine has not yet received approval from federal regulators.

Research in the New England Journal of Medicine found that people receiving the medication lebrikizumab experienced remission from ulcerative colitis almost twice as frequently as those taking a placebo.

Researchers examined the effectiveness and safety of lebrikizumab, a novel injectable drug being created to treat ulcerative colitis. The use of lebrikizumab in the US has not yet received approval from the Food and Drug Administration.

In comparison to those who took a placebo, participants reported having a better clinical response, endoscopic remission, and reduced urgency in bowel movements.

Clinical studies for a new medication for ulcerative colitis

52 weeks of treatment were spread across two phase 3 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. 1,281 adults with ulcerative colitis who had moderate to severe inflammation participated in the experiment.

LUCENT-1, the first, ran for 12 weeks. Three participants received 300 mg of lebrikizumab for each one who received a placebo. 294 patients received a placebo, whereas 868 patients received lebrikizumab.

The maintenance phase, LUCENT-2, was continued with the participants who were deemed receptive. Rectal haemorrhage and stool frequency were measured by the researchers.

At the conclusion of the 12-week period, 179 placebo patients and 365 mirikizumab users both reported responsiveness.

Participants were given a 200 mg dose of mirikizumab or a placebo during the second stage, which is known as the maintenance phase.

Nearly 50% of those who got mirikizumab and 25% of those who received a placebo experienced remission by week 40 of the maintenance phase (or by week 52 of both phases combined).

Eli Lilly, a pharmaceutical corporation, supported the research.

Expert response to medication research for ulcerative colitis

Longer trials are being conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of mirikizumab over longer periods of time.

“This study shows that we have another tool for people with ulcerative colitis and that this might help those who do not respond to other medications,” said Dr. Ashkan Farhadi, a gastroenterologist at MemorialCare Orange Coast Medical Centre in California who was not involved in the study. However, I’m not giddy with excitement over the figures.

And before we can get this to the patients, it will be a while. The phase 4 trial comes first. We have the insurance companies to get through if that advances us to the next round, Farhadi said.

“These medicines are outrageously expensive, and insurance companies frequently need us to pass hurdles before receiving clearance. For instance, they might advise the patient to try several other medications first,” he continued.

“In general, I believe having additional tools is a good thing. However, the numbers do not now make this my top pick, said Farhadi.

Ulcerative colitis: What is it?

A chronic inflammatory bowel illness is ulcerative colitis.

It is regarded as an autoimmune condition that affects the lining of the colon and rectum and results in sores and ulcers.

The signs consist of:

  • Diarrhea
  • stool with blood in it
  • Continent pain

The condition ulcerative colitis cannot be cured. The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation lists the following as treatments:

  • drugs that reduce inflammation
  • biologics
  • immunomodulators
  • a variety of drugs taken together
  • surgery

During a flare, doctors also advise sticking to a diet of soft, bland foods. They could advise cutting back on hot and high-fiber foods as well.

How drugs can treat ulcerative colitis?

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, when ulcerative colitis patients take medication, remission occurs in about two-thirds of cases. 80 percent of them will continue to be in remission.

Dr. Arun Swaminath, chief of gastroenterology and director of the Inflammatory Bowel Programme at Northwell Lenox Hill Hospital in New York, who was not involved in the study, said, “This is very difficult to understand.” “Response rates for other autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis, range from 80 to 90 percent. But because of ulcerative colitis, we cannot travel there. It’s possible that the reason why inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have such a high burden of inflammation.

The release of a new IBD drug always excites medical specialists. According to Swaminath, the mechanism of action for mirikizumab is distinct. Its physiological effects will be different from those of other drugs.

“There are some positives, such as the fact that this study enrolled many people in the severe category,” he continued. “It is challenging to determine how much the medication works when studies mostly include people in the moderate category. I was quite inspired to learn that participants with advanced illnesses still experienced success.

What’s coming up in medication research for ulcerative colitis?

A phase 3 experiment was the current investigation. According to the National Cancer Institute, phase 3 trials examine a new drug’s safety as well as how well it performs over a longer time frame than in earlier trials.

A phase 4 clinical trial would presumably follow the FDA’s approval of mirikizumab. Thousands of participants frequently participate in phase 4 trials.

The next phase “might answer some lingering questions” because so many more people will be involved, according to Swaminath. “For instance, while I read the paper, I pondered the situation of those who had previously taken Stelara. Does the fact that they were rejected from phase 3 indicate that they won’t be suitable candidates for this medication? In addition, there were two cases of induction-phase cancer and two cases of maintenance-phase cancer. Were those cancers prevalent at the time? To learn what transpires when the drug is administered to a big population, we must monitor the subsequent phase.


For Ulcerative colitis medications that have been suggested by doctors worldwide are available here