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What are the different ways to treat Acne?

What are the different ways to treat Acne?

What is Acne?

Acne is a common skin condition in which the pores of your skin become blocked by dead skin cells, sebum (an oily substance), hair and bacteria. There are many types of pimples caused by these blockages, including blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and cysts. You are not alone if you suffer from acne.

The most common skin condition that people experience is eczema. About 80% of people between 11 and 30 will experience at least a mild form of acne, and most people will experience it at some point.

Even though acne doesn’t pose a serious threat to your health, it can still be painful, especially if you have severe acne. Scarring may also occur over time as a result of acne.

Aside from acne’s physical effects, emotional distress can also result from acne. You may experience feelings of anxiety or depression when you have acne on your face or another visible part of your body and acne scars can contribute to these feelings.

Cause of Acne

Pimples:

Under the skin of humans are oil glands, which are connected to pores. Glands are connected to pored through follicles(small sacks that produces and consist of liquid). These liquids are oilly in nature called sebum. These liquids are responsible to carry dead cells to the surface of skin through follicile.

Pimples are generally formed when folliciles are blocked and oil gets buildup under the skin. These serum, skin cells, and hair, together form into a plug which could be infected by bacteria which result in swelling. These plugs break down causing pimples formation.

Hormonal Factors:

Rise in androgen level is though ot be the main reason behind acne followed by range of other factors. When adolescence begins, the hormonal level of Androgen begins rising. This elevation causes glow in oil glands under the skin. The enlarged produces sebum which when get excess could cause several pores in the skin. This cause bacterias to grow in them.

Other triggering factors:

  • some medications that contain androgen and lithium
  • greasy cosmetics
  • hormonal changes
  • emotional stress
  • menstruation

As per several studies, genetic factors might also increase th risk of acne.

Ways to treat acne:

  1. Wash twice a day and after sweating. It is imperative to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating, especially if you are wearing a hat or helmet.
  2. Use your fingertips to apply a soothing, non-abrasive cleanser. Anything else you choose can irritate your skin, such as a washcloth or mesh sponge.
  3. Be gentle with your skin. Use gentle products, such as those that are alcohol-free. Use products that are not irritants for your skin, such as astringents, toners, and exfoliants. It makes acne appear darker when the skin is dry and red.
  4. Scrubbing your skin can make acne worse. Avoid the temptation to scrub your skin.
  5. Rinse with lukewarm water
  6. Shampoo regularly. If you have oily hair, shampoo daily.
  7. Let your skin heal naturally. Your skin will take longer to clear if you pick, pop, or squeeze your acne, and you will have an increased risk of acne scarring.
  8. Keep your hands off your face. Touching your skin throughout the day can cause flare-ups.
  9. Stay out of the sun and tanning beds. Tanning damages your skin. Furthermore, some acne medications can make your skin very sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) light, which is emitted by both the sun and indoor tanning lamps. Using tanning beds increases your risk for melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, by 75%.
  10. Consult a dermatologist if:
    • Feel embarrassed or shy because of your acne.
    • You haven’t found a product that works for you.
    • Scars or darkening of your skin are caused by acne.

REFERENCES:

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Top ways to keep a healthy skin condition

Top ways to keep a healthy skin condition

What is a skin?

Skin is the largest of all the organs in the human body. As long as we keep it in proper health, it forms several protective layers that shield us from different exposures. However, when its maintenance is compromised, the skin’s ability to function as an effective and protective barrier is compromised. 

Our skin is the biggest window to your body that could reveal the history of your life. Both your age and your health are reflected in your skin, from acne breakouts during your teenage years to pregnancy glows and sunspots.

Skin functions

There are many functions performed by skin, making it the ultimate multitasker of the body. The most important role of our immune system is to protect us from bacteria, viruses, pollution, and chemical substances that we encounter at home and at work.

A number of external factors can damage the skin, including unprotected sunlight and excessive washing. Unhealthy diets, stress, inadequate sleep, insufficient exercise, dehydration, smoking, and certain medications all decrease the effectiveness of the skin’s protective barrier.

There is a compiled list of skin health tips to help you banish wrinkles, get a radiant glow, and keep your skin supple and soft all year long.

1. Healthy diet

Your diet is just as significant as the products you use on your skin. In order to maintain a clear complexion, you need to eat a healthy diet from the inside out. Following are some of the food very beneficial for your skin.

  • Tomatoes
  • Green tea
  • Olive oil
  • Mango
  • Omega-3
  • Kale
  • White tea
  • Soy, etc.

An individual must also make sure to have a calorie restricted diet and must also avoid intake of alcohol.

2. Stress check

Stress level has some serious links with skin health and conditions. As per several studies and reports, people having higher stress are associated with unhealthy skin or skin with some issues such as darkning. In a study of college students, those who experienced high stress levels were more likely to experience skin issues such as:

  • itchy skin
  • hair loss
  • flaky, oily, or waxy patches on the scalp
  • troublesome sweating
  • scaly skin
  • hand rashes

Stress increases the production of sebum, the oily substance that blocks pores, according to the researchers. This, in turn, leads to greater acne severity. Stress reduction may help you achieve clearer skin. Consider stress reduction techniques such as tai chi, yoga, or meditation if your skin is affected by stress.

3. Maintain skin moisture

Moisturizers keep the top layer of skin cells hydrated and seal in moisture. There are three types of moisturizers: humectants, occlusive agents, and emollients. Humectants attract moisture, occlusive agents retain moisture in the skin, and emollients smooth the pores between the cells.

As per American Academy of Dermatology, following are the resommended ways to prevent dry, red, and itchy skin:

  • Take one 5- to 10-minute shower or bath per day. Excessive washing can strip away the oily layer of the skin and dry it out.
  • Use warm water instead of hot water.
  • Minimize the use of harsh soaps. Use a gentle and fragrance-free cleanser.
  • Stay away from abrasive scrub brushes, bath sponges, and washcloths that can damage the skin’s surface.
  • Pat skin gently dry with a towel.
  • Moisturize immediately after washing. To trap in moisture, ointments, lotions, and creams need to be applied within minutes of drying off.
  • Use ointments or creams rather than lotions in order to minimize irritation.
  • Never scratch the skin. Cold compresses and moisturizers should help to control itching.

4. Quit smoking

Smoking accelerates the aging process of your skin. You will also need more time to heal your wounds if you smoke. Research shows that smoking worsens some skin conditions, such as psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa.

Furthermore, the constant repetitive expressions that are made while smoking such as pursing the lips, can contribute to wrinkles on the face.

5. Get necessary amount of daily sleep

According to the National Sleep Foundation, adults should sleep between seven and nine hours every day. It can be detrimental to your health, and to your skin in particular, when you don’t get enough sleep.

There is a link between chronic sleep deprivation and obesity, immune dysfunction, diabetes, and cancer, but sleep quality may also have an impact on skin function and aging.

REFERENCES:

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