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What are the Symptoms of Selenium toxicity?

What are the Symptoms of Selenium toxicity?

Selenium Deficiency

Selenium deficiency is a condition in which a body receives insufficient amounts of selenium to perform its roles and responsibilities. As per reports of 2017, about 1 billion people worldwide are dealing with selenium deficiency which makes it quite a common condition. The deficiency directly relates to the selenium availability in the soil which differs from region to region. Plants and animals receiving low selenium from soil are bound to be deficient in their own body. Such deficit food products are consumed by humans which results in less consumption of selenium which reggiers this condition. Some of the common symptoms of selenium deficiency an individual experience are:

Causes of Selenium deficiency

Apart from selenium level in soil on which the life cycle depends, there could be several conditions in which a body is unable to use sufficient amount of selenium levels such as:

  • diagnosed with HIV
  • sustaining dialysis
  • diagnosed with certain digestive disorder such as Crohn’s disease

Such medical conditions are termed as the cause of Selenium deficiency due to their interaction with absorption of selenium inside the body. Even consuming enough amounts of selenium could cause deficiency in such medical conditions as absorption of this mineral is affected and decreased. An individual must consult a doctor to treat such conditions to maintain overall health of the body.

Is selenium mineral that important?

As selenium deals with DNA, free radicals, and metabolism of various vital functions and hormones, its roles and responsibilities make it really important to maintain overall health of the body. Also, there are several situations in which the need of this mineral becomes very critical such as:

  • having thyroid growth
  • a weakened immune system
  • having thyroid disease like grave disease
  • dealing with cancer
  • during pregnancy
  • when already deficit to selenium

Selenium Supplements

Selenium Supplements are synthetic medicines that consist of adequate amounts of selenium and several other associated medical agents. These supplements come with a primary role of treating selenium deficiency. They work as an alternative to benefits and roles performed by natural selenium inside the body. People dealing with deficiency must add and consume such supplements in their diet to avoid any unusual deficit symptoms. It is advisable to consume a quality supplement that is generally available in the market to provide good resources for the body.

What is Selenium toxicity?

Toxicity of selenium is a condition in which high levels of selenium get deposited in the body. Such excess amounts of selenium are not considered safe. Due to abnormally high amount of selenium, a body is prone to get affected by several medical conditions such as:

  • liver and kidney damage
  • blood clotting
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • hair loss
  • irritability
  • nail discoloration
  • nail brittle or loss
  • fatigue
  • foul breath odor
  • Diarrhea
  • skin rashes

An individual must get immediate medical attention if any of these conditions are identified due to selenium toxicity in the body. Although toxicity of selenium is reversible, untreated conditions could be fatal.

Cause of Selenium Toxicity

There are several reason due to which a body could get toxic with selenium mineral such as:

  • drinking high level selenium water
  • excess exposure of selenium in the working environment
  • intake of more than necessary amount of selenium supplement
  • acute or chronic ingestion of excess selenium
  • certain medical condition 


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Possible effects of Manganese Toxicity to my body.

Possible effects of Manganese Toxicity to my body.

Manganese supplement

Ideally, people get enough manganese in their body through daily diet as daily requirement of this mineral is not more than traces. However, there are a number of manganese supplements available in the market which have a primary role to treat deficiency of manganese in an individual’s body. These supplements are synthetic medicine consisting of an essential amount of manganese which could be used for several medical conditions, apart from treating manganese deficiency such as Anemia, weak bones, Post Menstrual Syndrome (PMS), etc.

These supplements are most likely to be safe when administered by mouth. A typical dose of 11 mg per day of supplement is recommended. However, people dealing with certain liver conditions could face trouble getting manganese to get rid of their body. Also, taking a supplement less than 11 mg could increase the risk of side effects in such people.

What is Manganese Deficiency?

Deficiency of manganese is a kind of condition that develops when a body does not receive enough or essential amount of manganese in their diet for proper functioning of the human body. There are several symptoms associated when a person is deficit of manganese such as:

  • unusual metabolism of fat and carbohydrates
  • decrease fertility rate
  • impaired tolerance of glucose
  • bone growth or skeletal anomalies
  • improper growth
  • rapid mood changes
  • dermatitis
  • skin rashes
  • hair loss specifically in males
  • schizophrenia
  • increased sensitivity to seizures

There are also several medical conditions when manganese level is not deficit but considerably low in an individual. If any of such conditions are identified by an individual, it is recommended to consult a doctor and take appropriate medical tests to get a confirmation on your condition.

Causes of manganese deficiency

Manganese deficiency are very rare. However, there are few conditions in which a body could get diagnosed as a deficit to manganese such as:

  • People who have a malnourished or very limited diet are more likely to deal with deficiency of manganese along with deficiencies of several important minerals. 
  • consumption of processed flour has a very low level of manganese when compared to the whole grain products.
  • high consumption of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and iron, could interfere with the absorption of manganese in the small intestine. It is advisable to consume supplements of such minerals with caution.

Recommended intake of Manganese for a human body

Manganese is a kind of mineral that a human body is unable to produce on its own. A beneficial amount of manganese for an individual is generally classified on the basis of age, gender, and medical conditions such as:
For Infants:

  • For babies below 6months old, 0.003 mg of manganese if needed
  • 0.6 mg of manganese is beneficial for babies between 7-12 months old.

For Children:

  • 1.2 mg of manganese daily for toddlers between 1-3 years.
  • 4-8 years of children need 1.5 mg of manganese per day.

For Females:

  • 9-18 year olds need 1.6 mg of manganese daily.
  • Adults need 1.8 mg of manganese everyday.
  • pregnant females need 2 mg/day of manganese.
  • lactating females need 2.6 mg/day of manganese.

For Males:

  • 9-13 year olds need 1.9 mg of manganese daily
  • 14-18 year olds need 2.2 mg of manganese daily
  • Adults need 2.3 mg of manganese everyday.

What happens in Manganese overdose?

Manganese is a kind of mineral that a human body needs in a very small amount. Higher the amount of manganese, slower the absorption response in the body. Too much manganese level in a body is bound to cause inflammation, oxidative stress, cognitive and reproductive issues inside the body. There are several medical condition that a body could develop when it is diagnosed with high manganese level such as:

  • facial muscle spasm
  • tremors
  • walking disorder
  • loss of appetite
  • sore throat
  • Insomnia
  • memory loss
  • muscle cramps
  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • headache
  • issue in the eye
  • Anemia


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What happens when you consume more sulphur than required?

What happens when you consume more sulphur than required?

Sulfur Supplements

Sulfur supplements are synthetic medical drugs that consist of a rich source of sulfur. Deficiency of sulfur is common and supplement has a primary motive of treating low levels of sulfur for an individual. Supplements of sulfur could be used for other reasons where there is more demand for sulfur minerals.

The amount of supplement dosage is based on an individual’s diet, medical condition, and age group. A supplement of high quality must be consumed to treat such deficiencies which is available on mygenericpharmacy website. A deficit person must consult a health professional before consuming the supplement on their own. 

Deficiency of sulfur

Deficiency of sulfur is a condition in which a human body does not have the necessary amount of sulfur to perform several tasks and functions associated with it. The reason for such low levels of sulfur could be due to the diet or medical condition of an individual. Sulfur generally exists in blood and is excreted by urine. It is fundamentally an important mineral for the overall well being of a human body. When a human body runs low on sulfur, there is an increased risk of several medical conditions such as :

  • leg and foot cramps
  • muscle spasm and twitching
  • stress and depression
  • irritability
  • sensitive to loud noise
  • compromise of glutathione synthesis
  • Arthritis
  • brittle nails and hairs, etc.

Daily intake amount of Sulfur

  • Ideally, sulfur is consumed naturally by the general food we eat daily. However, there are standard amounts of sulfur associated for an individual in terms of their age group, medical condition, and diet. An individual must discuss all the matters thoroughly with their health professional in order to get proper knowledge on their daily sulfur needs. 
  • There is not much specific amount of sulfur specified for an individual as the mineral is broken down through certain minerals.

Toxicity of Sulfur

Sulfur toxicity is unlikely to be caused in humans because it is non-toxic. However, if a human body get diagnosed with high sulfur level, it will only lead to several mild symptoms such as:

  • irritation in ears, eyes, and nose
  • burning sensation
  • diarrhea
  • skin irritation
  • coughing
  • phlegm
  • may cause asthma attack

Your condition could worsen if any of the symptoms is caused during the exercising period. Sulfur toxicity could also be caused by inhaling or airbourne to the exposure to sulfuric chemicals. It is advisable to seek medical help immediately if an individual notices such effects.


  • The intake of sulfur must be based on an individual’s age, diet, and medical condition.
  • Deficiency of sulfur is common and can cause several unusual effects on an individual’s health
  • Supplements of sulfur are beneficial to treat deficiency and several other medical conditions associated due to lack of this nutrient
  • Toxicity of sulfur is an unlikely condition that consists of several mild effects which must be attended to as soon as identified.


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Fluoride Overdose and its symptoms in a human body

Fluoride Overdose and its symptoms in a human body

Fluoride Deficiency

Fluoride is one of the most essential minerals required for the human body to improve/maintain health of bones and teeth. Its deficiency could be common due to insufficient amount of fluoride in the body or due to its limited utilization. A low amount of fluoride could create a condition for bacteria found in plague. This allows them to produce acid that affects the tooth enamel. There are few symptoms associated with low level of fluoride in the body such as 

  • cavities in teeth
  • brittle or weak bones
  • decaying of teeth
  • weakening of tooth enamel
  • osteoporosis
  • fractured hips

What is Fluoride Supplement?

  • Fluoride is a kind of mineral that is naturally available in a number of natural food products as well as in dietary supplements. These supplements are synthetic medications that consist of beneficial amounts of fluoride along with other assisting medical agents that inhibits or overturn the onset and development of tooth decay as well as helps in formation of new bones.
  • Generally, fluoride deficiency must not be common due to its wide availability in natural as well as manmade dental products especially for dental care. However, people lacking Fluoride intake could consume supplements of this mineral which are generally available in the market. 
  • These supplements are available in different forms such as drops, tablets, chewing gums, Lozenges, varnishes, mouth rinses, tooth paste, gel. foam, fluoridated water, etc. An individual must consume such supplements based on their diet, age group, and medical conditions that may interfere with the following medication. 

Fluoride overdose in Human body

As a limited amount of fluoride is associated with number of benefits especially for bones and teeth, excess consumption of fluoride generally results in a number of medical health issue such as

  • Skeletal Fluorosis – This could result in pain or damage to the bones due to less elasticity and more hardening of bones that increases the risk of fractures.
  • Neurological problems – According to several research studies, higher levels of fluoride was associated with lower IQ in children between 6-12 years old.
  • Dental fluorosis – excess exposure of fluoride during the developing stage of teeth i.e. childhood could result in dental fluorosis which could be identified by discoloration of teeth.
  • Thyroid problems – More excess of fluoride might also result in parathyroid gland damage. This causes hyperparathyroidism, a condition which could displace the calcium concentration from bone structure into the blood, thereby increasing the risk of bone fracture.

There are also several other medical condition that could be developed due to excess exposure of fluoride such as:

  • reproductive issue
  • several bone and joints disease or disorders
  • several skin problems such as acne
  • other thyroid disorder
  • high blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • myocardial damage
  • cardiac insufficiency
  • other cardiovascular disorders

There is also a condition called Fluoride poisoning in which very high exposure of fluoride is found which results in several serious health conditions such as:

  • Excess production of saliva
  • muscle spasm
  • abdominal pain
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • seizures

Such a high level is generally not caused by drinking usual fluoridated water but an accidental contamination of water due to explosion or specific industrial fire could result in such acute fluoride level. It is advisable to consult a health professional immediately in case any of such symptoms are identified by an individual and discuss all the possible pros and cons associated with supplements before consuming them.


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How to avoid Iodine deficiency and its overdose?

How to avoid Iodine deficiency and its overdose?

Iodine Deficiency

When a body does not receive the necessary amount of Iodine i.e. the level of this nutrient in the body declines, such a deficit condition is termed as deficiency of iodine. As the primary function of Iodine is to produce thyroid hormones, low amounts of iodine generally results in Hypothyroidism i.e. a condition where your body cannot make enough thyroid hormone. Iodine deficiency is associated with a number of growth and development effects in humans as well as in animals. Some of the adverse effect of iodine deficiency are:

  • impaired mental function
  • hyperthyroidism
  • reduction in work productivity
  • infant mortality
  • congenital anomalies
  • abortion
  • perinatal mortality
  • still birth
  • endemic cretinism
  • dry skin
  • weight gain
  • constipation
  • cold intolerance
  • hair weakness and loss
  • depression
  • difficulty in swallowing
  • fatigue
  • brain fog

Iodine Supplements

  • If an individual is running low on Iodine level due to a malnutrition diet or any other reason, it is recommended to consume supplements rich in iodine to fill up the necessary iodine intake of the body. Generally, supplements rich in Iodine are used for treating hypothyroidism. These sup[plements make sure that your body gets enough of iodine to produce thyroid hormones for proper function and activity of the thyroid gland. 
  • The amount of intake for Iodine supplement is directly based on your diet, age group, and medical condition. It is advisable to consult a health professional before consuming supplements of Iodine. Excessive amounts of Iodine in the body has its own adverse effects on an individual’s body which must be avoided. 

Toxicity of Iodine

As deficiency of Iodine consists of a number of medical effects in your body, similarly, more amount of iodine that necessarily associates its own several adverse conditions. Iodine has a huge impact on thyroid activity. Too much of this mineral has similar effects as iodine deficiency such as goiters and thyroid problems. 
If a body consist of a very high iodine level, this causes poiing that results in symptoms such as 

  • fever and rash
  • Coma
  • nausea
  • vomiting, 
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain
  • weak pulse
  • burning of throat, stomach, and mouth
  • coughing
  • delirium
  • gum and tooth soreness
  • low appetite
  • shortness of breath
  • salivation
  • no urine output

Safety measures during Iodine toxic situation?

  • If a person is identified as toxic to iodine, it is advisable to take medical healp at the earliest. Try not to throw up unless instructed by a health professional. 
  • It is recommended to take milk, cornstarch, or flour mixed with water. However, avoid these ideas if the person is dealing with symptoms such as withdrawal, vomiting, low alertness, etc.


  • Low amounts of Iodine in the body cause less production of thyroid hormones resulting in hypothyroidism. This condition comes with a number of adverse health effects.
  • Iodine supplements are synthetic medical drugs that consist of iodine rich content. It helps to treat hypothyroidism or less iodine due to certain medical or natural factors.
  • Similarly, excess presence of iodine inside a human body has similar adverse effects on an individual health.


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How much Iron nutrient does our body need?

How much Iron nutrient does our body need?

Iron Supplements

Iron supplement is a synthetic medication that is generally used to treat a condition called Anemia which is the most common result of iron deficiency as per reports. These conditions can cause several symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, weakness, etc. Iron supplement is also often used to treat anemia caused by chemotherapy, heavy menstrual period, kidney disease, and pregnancy.

Iron supplement is used to treat low iron levels in the body which might be caused due to malnutrition or certain medical conditions that resist the iron production or function. 

It is recommended to consult a doctor regarding specific beneficial doses that could vary for every individual. Doses are generally calculated based on your diet, medical condition, age group, and gender as discussed in the iron requirement section.

Deficiency of Iron

Iron deficiency is the single most common deficiency to be reported worldwide. It generally occurs when your body does not get to consume enough iron through daily diet. Conditions such as inflammatory bowel diseases, loss of blood due to period bleeding, severe wounds or any other condition, and more need of iron during pregnancy could also cause iron deficiency. 

Iron is necessary for your body to produce hemoglobin that permits red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Lack of hemoglobin leads to an inefficient amount of oxygen resulting in a condition called Anemia. This also makes your heart work more and harder to supply oxygen rich blood throughout your body. 

This results in a number of deficiency symptoms such as:

  • unusual tiredness,
  • difficulty in concentration,
  • weakness,
  • irritation,
  • shortness of breath,
  • heart palpitation,
  • tongue and mouth swelling/soreness,
  • brittle/spoon shaped nails,
  • paler skin than usual generally in face and gums,
  • headaches particularly in women,
  • damaged and dry skin and hair,
  • restless leg syndrome, and others.

Consult a doctor if you observe any of such or other symptoms caused due to no reason. 

Iron requirement for humans

Iron is necessary as a daily mineral for a human body to perform multiple functions daily. The amount of iron necessary and beneficial for an individual body is based on an individual’s age, medical condition, gender, and diet. Total intake amount of iron along with diet and supplement for an individual is classified as :
For Infants:

  • 0.27 mg of Iron for below 6months old.
  • 11 mg of iron for 7-12 months old.

For Children:

  • 7 mg of iron daily for toddlers between 1-3 years.
  • 4-8 years of children need 10 mg of iron per day.

For Females:

  • 9-13 years of female need 8mg/day of iron
  • 14-18 years need 11 mg of iron daily
  • 19-50 years need 15 mg of iron everyday

For Males:

  • 9-13 years of male need 8mg/day of iron
  • 14-18 years need 11 mg of iron daily
  • 19-50 years need 8 mg of iron everyday

Medical conditions:

  • A pregnant female needs 27 mg of iron daily
  • lactating females between 14-18 need 10 mg of iron everyday.
  • lactating females above 19 need 9 mg of iron everyday.


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