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Lets discover the various types of Rabies symptoms.

Lets discover the various types of Rabies symptoms.


A lethal virus called rabies inflames the brains of both humans and other creatures. Humans can contract rabies from infected animals by being bitten or scratched. The illness may be lethal if left untreated. If a person who has been exposed to rabies gets immediate medical assistance, it is however treatable.

Between one and three Americans develop rabies each year. 25 human cases of the illness were reported in the U.S. from 2008 to 2019, with eight of those cases involving travellers who contracted the disease abroad. Since the 1970s, rabies has been less common thanks to developments in medicine, public awareness, and vaccine campaigns.

However, the illness still affects people all over the world and kills tens of thousands of people each year, especially in rural Southeast Asia and Africa. 99% of rabies illnesses are brought on by dog bites.

What is Rabies?

An animal bite from an infected animal is the main way that the viral virus rabies is transmitted. It frequently results in death without early treatment.

It is an RNA rhabdovirus that has two different ways it might impact the body. Rabies has the ability to move directly into the peripheral nervous system from the brain. Additionally, because the immune system of the host cannot detect it in muscle tissue, it can reproduce there.

Through the neuromuscular connections, it then enters the nervous system. The virus causes severe brain inflammation after it has entered the neural system. Then comes coma and death.


With 95% of cases occurring in Asia and Africa, stray dogs are most prevalent in nations where rabies is most prevalent.

Since the virus is spread through saliva, rabies can occur if an infected animal attacks a human. It can also happen if an infected animal’s saliva enters a wound that is open or passes through a mucous membrane, such the mouth or eyes. The virus, however, cannot penetrate intact skin.

Raccoons, coyotes, bats, skunks, and foxes are the species most likely to spread the disease in the United States. Every state in the US except Hawaii has bats that are rabies carriers.

Any mammal can carry and spread the virus, however smaller mammals like rodents seldom contract the disease or spread it. Additionally, rabbits are unlikely to transfer rabies.


The five phases of rabies development are as follows:

  • incubation
  • prodrome
  • acute neurological period
  • coma
  • death


The period of incubation is when no symptoms are present. Depending on where the virus entered the body and how many viral particles were involved, it typically lasts between two and three months and can last anywhere from one week to one year. The consequences are likely to manifest sooner the closer the bite is to the brain.

When symptoms start to show, rabies is typically already lethal. Without waiting for symptoms to appear, anyone who has been exposed to the virus should seek medical attention right once.


Early, flu-like symptoms appear during prodrome and include:

  • a temperature of at least 100.4°F (38°C).
  • headache
  • anxiety
  • feeling ill overall
  • coughing and a painful throat
  • nauseous and dizzy
  • unease at the location of the bite.

Acute neurological period

During this phase, neurologic symptoms start to appear, such as:

  • bewilderment and hostility
  • a degree of paralysis
  • uncontrollable muscular twitching
  • strenuous neck muscles
  • convulsions
  • hyperventilation and breathing issues
  • hypersalivation, or excessive salivation
  • salivating in the mouth
  • the avoidance of water; hydrophobia
  • Nightmares, hallucinations, and sleeplessness
  • male priapism, or a constant erection
  • Fear of light is known as photophobia.
  • Breathing accelerates and becomes erratic at the end of this stage.

Death and coma

A person may go into a coma, and the majority of them pass away within three days. Almost no one survives rabies during the coma stage, not even with supportive care.


Although rabies is a dangerous illness, both individuals and governments can take precautions to avoid transmission.

Strategies consist of:

  • routine rabies vaccines for domestic animals and pets
  • limitations or prohibitions on importing animals from specific nations
  • widespread human vaccinations in various places
  • awareness and knowledge for education
  • improved access to medical care for those bitten

To lessen the number of rabid wild animals in rural Canada and the US, agencies have dropped bait with an oral vaccine.


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Important signs and symptoms you need to know about Dengue.

Important signs and symptoms you need to know about Dengue.

The virus that causes dengue is mostly spread via the bite of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. There are no indications of dengue and severe symptoms that resemble the flu. A small proportion of people develop severe dengue, which can be fatal.

Dengue serotypes are groups of four closely related dengue viruses. Recovery from infection confers immunity against that serotype of dengue, but it also raises the chance of developing severe dengue if patients contract a different serotype later.

Every year, dengue infections affect millions of people globally. Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America, and Africa are where dengue fever is most prevalent. Localized outbreaks of the disease have been reported in Europe and the southern United States, among other new locations.

The development of dengue fever vaccines is ongoing. For now, in areas where dengue fever is common, the best ways to prevent infection are to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes and to take steps to reduce the mosquito population.

Who does dengue fever affect?

Africa, Central and South America, some regions of Asia, and the Pacific Islands are where dengue is most frequently found. Dengue is present in a few areas of the United States. More than half of the world’s population, who reside or travel to these areas, are most at risk. The chance of developing a major illness is higher in children and the elderly.

How common is dengue fever?

Around 96 million of the 400 million dengue infections that are reported each year around the world result in disease. Most occurrences occur in tropical regions of the world, with the following regions having the highest risk:

  • The continent of India
  • Asia-Pacific is
  • China’s south
  • Taiwan
  • Islands in the Pacific
  • Atlantic Ocean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands)
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • South and Central America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)

The majority of cases in the US are visitors who caught the virus abroad. However, those who reside near the Texas-Mexico border as well as in other southern US regions are at an increased danger. A dengue fever outbreak was discovered in 2014 in Hawaii, with earlier outbreaks being reported in 2013 in Brownsville, Texas, and Key West, Florida.


Many persons may not exhibit any symptoms or indicators of dengue illness. When symptoms do show up, they typically start four to ten days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and may be mistaken for other ailments, like the flu.

Any of the following signs and symptoms, as well as a high fever of 104 F (40 C), are brought on by dengue fever:

  • Headache
  • joint, muscle, or bone pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • back of the eyes hurt
  • enlarged glands
  • Rash

Most folks get better in about a week. In some cases, symptoms worsen and can become life-threatening. This is called severe dengue, dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.

Your blood vessels become damaged and leaky with severe dengue. Additionally, the quantity of platelets in your blood decreases. Shock, internal bleeding, organ failure, and even death may result from this.

There can be speedy development of severe dengue fever warning signs, which is a life-threatening emergency. The warning signals, which may include the following, may appear within the first day or two after your fever has subsided.

  • Severe stomach pain
  • continual vomiting
  • bleeding from the nose or gums
  • Having blood in your faeces, urine, or vomit
  • under-the-skin bleeding that may resemble bruises
  • arduous or quick
  • Fatigue
  • Easily irritated or restless


Any one of the four dengue virus types can cause dengue fever. Being around someone who has dengue fever won’t cause you to catch it. In contrast, mosquito bites are how dengue disease is transmitted.

There are two mosquito species that carry dengue viruses most frequently are widespread in and around residential areas. The dengue virus enters the mosquito when it bites a person who is afflicted with it. The virus then enters the bloodstream of the person who is bitten by the infected mosquito. This can produces an infection.

Once you have recovered from dengue fever, you are immune to the virus type that caused your infection for life, but not to the other three types that cause dengue fever. This implies that one of the other three virus types could infect you once more in the future. In the event that you contract dengue fever a second, third, or fourth time, your risk of acquiring severe dengue fever rises.

Risk elements

You are more likely to have dengue fever or a more severe version of the illness, if,

You frequent or reside in tropical locales. A higher risk of contracting the virus that causes dengue fever exist if you live in tropical or subtropical regions. Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America, and Africa are regions with very high risk.

You’ve previously experienced dengue fever. If you have already had dengue fever, you are more likely to experience severe symptoms if you contract the virus again.


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What are the most effective ways of treating sunburn?

What are the most effective ways of treating sunburn?

What is a sunburn?

Skin that has been sunburned is red, painful, and warm to the touch. Within a few hours of spending too much time in the sun, it frequently manifests.

Simple self-care procedures, such as taking painkillers and cooling the skin, can help you recover from a sunburn. But the sunburn could not go away for several days.

Everyone should take steps to protect their skin from the sun all year long by applying sunscreen and other skin-protection techniques. Even on chilly or overcast days, it is crucial when you’re outside.


Symptoms of sunburn include:

  • On white skin, inflamed skin appears pink or red; however, it may be more difficult to discern on brown or black skin.
  • the sensation of hot or heated skin
  • Itching, discomfort, and pain
  • Swelling
  • small, potentially breakable blisters packed with fluid
  • If the sunburn is severe, headache, fever, nausea, and exhaustion may result.
  • eyes that are dusty or hurt

Any exposed body part, including the lips, scalp, and earlobes, is susceptible to burning. If, for instance, clothing has a loose weave that lets ultraviolet (UV) light through, even covered areas can burn. The eyes can burn as well because they are very sensitive to UV light from the sun.

After being exposed to the sun for a few hours, sunburn symptoms frequently develop. The top layer of the damaged skin may peel off within a few days as the body begins to mend itself. Healing from a severe sunburn could take several days. Any persistent alterations in skin tone often disappear with time.


Too much ultraviolet (UV) light exposure results in sunburn. Sunlight or man-made sources like sunlamps and tanning beds both produce UV light. The wavelength of light known as UVA can damage skin over time by penetrating to its deepest layers. Sunburn is brought on by UVB rays, which penetrates the skin more superficially.

Skin cells are damaged by UV radiation. Erythema, or inflamed skin, or sunburn, is a result of the immune system’s reaction, which involves increasing blood flow to the injured areas.

On chilly or cloudy days, sunburn is still possible. UV rays can reflect off of water, sand, and other surfaces, and they can also burn skin.


A physical examination is typically part of the diagnosis of sunburn. Your doctor might also inquire about your signs and symptoms, prescriptions you’re taking, history of sunburns, and UV exposure.

Your doctor may advise phototesting if you experience sunburn or a skin reaction after only a brief period of exposure to the sun. In order to simulate the issue, measurable levels of UVA and UVB light are applied to small patches of skin during this test. You’re labelled sun-sensitive if your skin reacted to phototesting (photosensitive).


Treatment for sunburns can reduce pain, swelling, and irritation but does not repair the skin. Your doctor could advise using a prescription corticosteroid cream if self-care measures fail to relieve your sunburn or it is extremely severe.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Use a painkiller.

As soon as you can following overexposure to the sun, take a nonprescription pain medication for pain management. Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, among others) and acetaminophen are two examples (Tylenol, others). You could also try applying a gel pain reliever to the area.

Skin cooling down.

Apply a clean cloth soaked with cool running water to the afflicted area of skin. Alternately, take a cool bath with 2 ounces (60 grammes) of baking soda added per tub. Several times per day, cool the skin for roughly 10 minutes.

Use a lotion, gel, or moisturiser.

Calamine lotion or an aloe vera gel might be calming. Before using, try putting the product in the refrigerator to cool it. Avoid anything alcoholic-related.

For a day, take in more water. By doing this, dehydration is avoided.

Be patient with blisters.

The skin might recover faster if the blister is intact. If a blister does rupture, use a pair of tidy, tiny scissors to remove the dead skin. Use mild soap and water to gently wash the area. The wound should then be dressed with an antibiotic cream and a nonstick bandage.

Gently handle skin that is flaking.

The impacted area may start to peel after a few days. This is how your body removes the top layer of unhealthy skin. Use moisturiser even if your skin is flaking.

Use an anti-itch medication.

As the skin starts to peel and repair underneath, an oral antihistamine such diphenhydramine (Benadryl, Chlor-Trimeton, other brands) may help to reduce itching.

Use a calming, medicinal cream.

Apply non-prescription 1% hydrocortisone cream to the affected region three times each day for three days if you have a mild to moderate sunburn. Before using, try putting the product in the refrigerator to cool it.

eye sunburn treatment. 

Use a clean towel that has been soaked with cool running water. Contact lenses shouldn’t be worn until after ocular symptoms have subsided. Avoid rubbing your eyes.

Stop exposing yourself to the sun more.

Avoid the sun or utilise other sun protection techniques while your sunburn heals. You might want to try a product with sunscreen and moisturisers.

Avoid using products with the suffix “-caine,” such as benzocaine.

Such lotions may aggravate skin irritation or result in an allergic reaction. A rare but possibly fatal illness that reduces the quantity of oxygen that the circulation can carry has been connected to benzocaine (methemoglobinemia).


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What are the precautions and warnings of Montair tablets?

What are the precautions and warnings of Montair tablets?

An anti-allergic drug called Montair is primarily used to treat asthma and seasonal allergies. An allergic reaction is an immune system reaction to outside substances that are usually not detrimental to your body. These alien substances are referred to as “allergens”. A localised inflammatory illness of the lungs and airways, asthma can cause excessive mucus production in response to certain stimuli such viruses, allergens, and exercise.

Montelukast, a component of Montair, is a leukotriene antagonist. Leukotriene, a chemical messenger, is blocked, which lowers inflammation and swelling of the lungs’ airways. Asthma episodes are avoided and breathing is made easier. When you have an allergic reaction to something like dust or pollen, leukotrienes are also generated in your body. Leukotriene levels are reduced by Montair, which also prevents your symptoms.

Medicinal Benefits

The anti-allergic drug Montair contains montelukast. As a leukotriene antagonist, montelukast lowers edoema and inflammation in the nose and lungs, improving symptoms and treating a wide spectrum of allergy disorders. As a result, symptoms including sneezing, runny nose, coughing, watery eyes, etc. are reduced. Asthma and allergy symptoms can be avoided with the use of this drug, which is referred to as a preventer.

How to use?

Take it as your doctor prescribes, whether with or without food. With a glass of water, swallow the entire tablet. Do not chew, break, or chew it. Tablets that can be chewed. Completely chew the tablet before swallowing. Do not consume it in its whole. Granules. Before using, take sure to read the label carefully. Mix the granules thoroughly with the milk or water before drinking right away.

Side Effects of Montair

  • Headache
  • abdominal pain
  • Body pain or pains
  • urine with pus
  • Anxiety and agitation
  • Heartburn Skin rash
  • distorted vision
  • respiratory infection
  • Face, lips, tongue, eyelids, hands, and feet swelling
  • Unwellness or vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fever

Precautions and Warning

If you are allergic to Montair or any of its constituents, avoid taking the medication. Before beginning Montair, let your doctor know if you have any mental disorders as it may cause mood changes (symptoms include anxiety, aggressive behaviour, irritability, restlessness).

At times, you could experience depression. If you experience any of these symptoms, let your doctor know. Avoiding contact with recognised allergens (agents that cause allergies), such as pollen, dust, etc., is advised. Allergies to particular foods have been documented. To decrease your mental alertness, Montair should not be taken with alcohol or other antidepressants. Do not stop taking Montair suddenly, even if you are asymptomatic and feeling fine. Doing so could cause an acute asthma attack.



While taking Montair, avoid consuming alcohol as it may aggravate adverse effects like tiredness.


The effects of Montair-10 Tablet 15s on pregnancy are not well understood. Prior to beginning Montair-10 Tablet 15, please consult your doctor if you are trying to conceive or are already pregnant.


The effects of Montair on breastfeeding are little understood. Montelukast, however, might enter breast milk. Please seek medical advice before beginning Montair-10 Tablet 15’s.


If you become drowsy or find it difficult to concentrate while taking Montair, do not drive or operate machinery. Your ability to drive could be affected by Montair. Consult a doctor if the symptoms last longer.


Patients with liver disorders should use LIVER Montair with caution. If you have a history of liver illness, tell your doctor. Before recommending Montair-10 Tablet 15s, your doctor will consider the advantages and possible hazards.


Patients with kidney disorders should use Montair-10 Tablet 15 with caution. If you have a history of kidney problems, tell your doctor. Before recommending Montair-10 Tablet 15s, your doctor will consider the advantages and possible hazards.


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Can stress management help in preventing ED?

Can stress management help in preventing ED?

Everybody encounters stress. Our bodies are geared toward sensing stress and responding to it. It keeps us vigilant and prepared to prevent threats. However, persistent stress causes the body to degenerate and can lead to issues like erectile dysfunction. The secret to managing stress is figuring out what situations in your life are contributing to it and finding solutions to change them.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is basically a disorder found in men which could be a sign of physical or psychological condition. The symptoms associated with this disorder is found in men’s reproductive organ i.e. inability to keep an erection firmer and longer enough during a sexual activity.

There are many men who experience erectile dysfunction occasionally because of stress, fatigue, alcohol, or emotional issues, but 25% of men have recurring episodes of the disorder. People dealing with erectile dysfunction will be:

  • Unable to achieve erection at anytime needed.
  • might achieve erection sometime but not when needed like during sexual activity.
  • might able to achieve erection when needed but not long enough


The body’s response to any change that necessitates a modification or response in order to sustain normal function is stress. When something changes, the body may respond physically, emotionally, or mentally.

Stress is typically a result of your circumstances, and it is typically momentary (like an upcoming project deadline, exams, a new baby on the way, relationship struggles or retirement). On the other hand, anxiety encompasses more than just being stressed, anxious, or worried. After the initial source of stress or worry has passed, anxiety is the continued feeling of stress or worry.

Why does stress lead to erectile dysfunction?

The first thing to realise about stress is that it has both physical and psychological impacts. Continuous stress can result in a lengthy variety of symptoms, which when combined can lead to issues both in and outside of the bedroom, such as:

  • Irritability
  • low mood
  • difficulty sleeping
  • Headaches
  • chest pain
  • Heartburn
  • diarrhoea or indigestion

It’s also important to realise that in order to get an erection, you must be sexually stimulated. It may be difficult to get enthusiastic enough for sex if you’re under a lot of stress since you may lose your sex drive. Even if you are successful in getting an erection, you can have trouble keeping it up.

A vicious cycle of deteriorating symptoms can also be brought on by stress. Stress-related ED might actually cause you to feel more anxious because you worry about “failure to perform.” Your symptoms might develop as a result of this performance anxiety, making it challenging for you to finish the cycle.

Some lifestyle choices that either cause or contribute to ED are influenced by stress and anxiety, including:

  • Usage of illicit drugs
  • nicotine use
  • excessive alcoholic beverage use
  • a sedentary way of life

Causes of Stress resulting in ED

Everything, including negative things, can lead to stress. Your body responds to these modifications physically, mentally, and emotionally. Sometimes we are unaware of the myriad factors that stress is influenced by as well as the problems that stress can lead to.

Men of all ages can experience sexual dysfunction due to a variety of stressors, including but not limited to the following:

  • Marriage
  • Deadlines
  • legal issues
  • job loss
  • Divorce
  • a new job
  • Retirement
  • Money issues
  • Illness
  • Parenting

Dangers of Chronic Stress

A sustained adrenaline rush brought on by an urgent risk, such as a fire or a car accident, is not the same as chronic stress. A constant flow of adrenaline stresses your arteries and wears down your body.

Your blood vessels resemble a firehose. They can withstand extremely high pressure when your heart is working hard and quickly, particularly when you require more oxygenated blood in an emergency, but they cannot withstand pressure that is constant.

Chronic stress is comparable to watering your yard continuously for 12 hours with a fire hose. The fire hose will also be destroyed by that burst of high-pressure water, which will likewise devastate your landscape. The worst type of stress on your body is the ongoing daily stress you experience from things like work, family, and traffic.

Your blood arteries are like a fire hose; they can withstand pressure for a little period of time to put out the occasional fire, but not continuously throughout the day. And do you know where in the male anatomy those priceless blood vessels are required to maintain an erection?

Adequate blood flow is important for erections. One of the primary reasons of erectile dysfunction, a persistently stressful atmosphere will eventually harm the way your blood vessels operate (ED).

De-stress for better Sex life

Different strategies elicit different reactions from different people. Finding a stress-reduction strategy that works for you will probably result in reduced erectile dysfunction and increased sexual satisfaction. Several methods to lessen stress include:

  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Exercise (150 minutes of moderate intensity)
  • Limit caffeine,
  • Drink less alcohol
  • decrease nicotine
  • Dance
  • Laugh
  • Socialize
  • acupuncture


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