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Time limited eating helps in weight loss & type-2 diabetes.

Time limited eating helps in weight loss & type-2 diabetes.

According to recent studies, type 2 diabetics who practise time-restricted eating may experience weight loss and better blood sugar control.

According to a new randomized controlled research, those who restrict their eating to the eight hours from midday to eight o’clock lose more weight than people who lower their overall calorie intake by calorie counting.

However, experts advise patients to work closely with their doctor because certain medications and dietary needs may affect how beneficial a patient’s diet plan is.

In a recent study, people who restricted their eating to the hours between noon and eight o’clock lost more weight than those who merely cut their caloric intake overall by counting calories.

Despite the growing popularity of time-restricted eating, no studies had previously specifically examined an eight-hour meal window in people with type 2 diabetes.

In the study, 57 people with type 2 diabetes and obesity were divided into three groups: one group adhered to time-restricted eating, another group engaged in calorie restriction, and the third group acted as the control group.

The people in the time-restricted eating group could only eat between midday and 8 p.m., whereas the people in the calorie-restriction group could eat whenever they wanted as long as they kept track of their calories.

While the control group maintained eating normally without any special modifications, their objective was to cut their caloric consumption by 25% of what was needed to maintain their current weight.

Eating within a time limit reduces body weight.

The time-restricted eating diet resulted in a 3.55% weight loss in comparison to the control group during the course of the six-month study, according to the researchers.

To put this into perspective, it would mean that a person who weighs 275 pounds would have lost about 10 pounds.

Contrary to expectations, the calorie-restricted group did not significantly lose weight when compared to the control group.

In comparison to the control group, the time-restricted eating and calorie restriction groups both showed lower blood sugar levels (HbA1C), with decreases of about 0.91% and 0.95%, respectively.

The researchers also looked into whether these dietary approaches may lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and lower fasting glucose levels, which are all cardiometabolic risk factors.

The weight loss brought on by time-restricted eating, however, did not reach the 5% mark usually linked with improvements in these parameters.

An interview with experts, Vicky Pavlou, registered dietitian nutritionist, University of Illinois at Chicago doctoral student, and author of the study, said, “We found that eating all calories within an 8-hour window is a good alternative to calorie counting for people with type 2 diabetes who want to lose weight and improve their A1C.”

“In comparison to the calorie counting group, the time-restricted eating (TRE) group dropped 4.28% of their body weight in six months. In both groups, the HbA1C was lowered by 1%, the expert said.

Calorie restriction versus intermittent fasting

Studies have previously examined the effectiveness of various dietary strategies among obese people. The prospective effects of time-restricted eating in individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes, however, have not been studied.

75 obese persons with type 2 diabetes participated in the new study, which was directed by Vicky Pavlou, a doctorate student at the University of Illinois at Chicago who is also a registered nurse. Three groups of participants, ranging in age from 18 to 80, were created: control, calorie restriction, and time-restricted eating.

The calorie intake needed to maintain a person’s present weight (maintenance calories) was lowered by 25% for those in the calorie restriction group and remained unchanged for those in the control group. At any time of day, they could eat.

The time-restricted eating group, on the other hand, was only permitted to eat between noon and 8 p.m. every day without having a set calorie goal or keeping track of their consumption.

For the first three months of the trial, participants in both groups met with a dietician once per week; for the next three months, they met every other week.

Pavlou stated that the dietician “helped them with any challenges in following the diet and gave general nutrition advice,” emphasizing “the importance of reading labels and understanding calories.”

What kind of diet is best for those who have diabetes?

The researcher who was not engaged in this study, Dr. Seun Sowemimo, a board-certified surgeon at Prime Surgicare in Freehold, New Jersey, stressed that “using a combination of disease management tools is more effective than a single effort.”

Time-restricted eating (intermittent fasting) is a powerful strategy for weight loss and blood sugar control because it allows the body to switch from burning sugar to burning fat, resulting in weight loss,” he claimed.

Additionally, it helps diabetic control and lessens the frequency of blood glucose spikes, which can result in insulin surges.

Consuming whole meals with a high fibre content rather than processed foods with added sugar can also help people with diabetes maintain better blood sugar control. Unlike processed foods with free sugar, which are quickly absorbed and cause increased sugar levels and insulin spikes, natural fibre foods help regulate sugar absorption by allowing for a steady release into the bloodstream. Since the idea that fruit contains a lot of sugar is untrue, I also advise persons with diabetes to eat fresh fruits, stated Dr. Seun Sowemimo

Time-restricted eating “may help improve blood sugar control in individuals with type 2 diabetes,” according to registered dietitian Crystal Scott of Top Nutrition Coaching, who was also not involved in the study.

The insulin response may become more efficient by avoiding constant grazing and giving the body longer periods without food intake,” Scott said. Studies have revealed that time-restricted meals can increase insulin sensitivity, glucose levels, and HbA1c levels, which are indicators of long-term blood sugar control. But it didn’t in this study.

Potential effects on type 2 diabetic patients

Dr. Sowemimo stated that this “study adds another layer of clinical evidence that the timing of food consumption is a major contributing factor to diabetes management, weight loss, and overall well-being.

Patients with diabetes can safely be prescribed time-restricted eating, but they should do so in partnership with their physician,” Dr. Sowemimo stated.

Scott also emphasized the significance of investigating potential confounders, such as participant water intake, activity level, and stress-reduction techniques, as well as their use of diabetes medications.

Many additional factors must be addressed concurrently in order for a study like this one on dietary regimens to be entirely successful, according to Scott.

Scott further emphasized that this study shows there are “easier approaches to weight management that don’t involve tracking every piece of food,” even though people may recognize the necessity to implement time-restriction tactics to observe weight loss.


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Higher doses of Ozempic improve blood sugar, weight loss?

Higher doses of Ozempic improve blood sugar, weight loss?

According to experts, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) medications like Ozempic, often referred to as semaglutide, can aid in weight loss in those who are obese.

For weight loss, Ozempic is not FDA-approved. There is also the brand Wegovy, which is semaglutide.

Wegovy and Ozempic should not be used by persons who are not diabetic or obese for any reason, including to shed minor amounts of weight, according to experts.

In the latter part of 2017, the FDA approved the use of the GLP-1 medication Ozempic in people with type 2 diabetes. But lately, it’s made news for other reasons as well: Benefits of purported weight loss and scarcity.

“People are talking about them because there is a trend where celebrities and influencers are increasingly turning to off-label use of GLP-1 medications like Ozempic for weight loss by people who are not obese or diabetic,” claims Dr. Rekha Kumar, an endocrinologist in New York City and the head of medical affairs at the weight management program Found.

This, according to Kumar, is very troubling.

“The trend of medispas, boutique weight-loss clinics, and illegal telehealth businesses liberally prescribing to people who don’t meet criteria is not only irresponsible prescribing, but it may also prevent the medication from reaching those who need it most,” Kumar claims.

By responding to the following frequently asked questions regarding Ozempic, Kumar and other professionals distinguished fact from fantasy.

What is Ozempic?

Dr. Angela Fitch, FACP, FOMA, president of the Obesity Medicine Association and chief medical officer of knownwell, a weight-inclusive healthcare firm, says that Ozempic is a brand name for the medication recognised as semaglutide.

Ozempic is an injectable medicine for persons with type 2 diabetes, according to Kumar. The FDA first approved it for 0.5 mg or 1 mg dosages. The FDA authorized a higher dose of 2 mg in 2022.

According to Kumar, it helps the pancreas produce insulin, which decreases blood sugar levels.

Adverse effects of semaglutide

All GLP-1 medications, as pharmacological agents, have the potential to have side effects, according to Dr. Jay Shubrook, professor of the Primary Care Department at Touro University in California.

According to Dr. Shubrook, these “are frequently dose-dependent and can be more obvious during dose changes.”

In any case, typical adverse effects of semaglutide “include an excessive loss of appetite, nausea, and less frequently, vomiting or diarrhoea. Most patients only experience temporary adverse effects, he noted.

He pointed out that teaching patients to eat slowly and mindfully, as well as how to control their portions, can lessen the negative effects of semaglutide.

Is Ozempic an FDA-approved weight-loss product?

No. “Ozempic is only approved for diabetes,” claims Dr. Charlie Seltzer, a Philadelphia-based medical professional who is board-certified in both internal medicine and obesity.

But here’s where some of the ambiguity arises. “The active ingredient, semaglutide, is approved for weight loss under the trade name Wegovy,” claims Seltzer.

Elon Musk tweeted about Wegovy’s assistance with his weight loss in October 2022.

Distinction between Wegovy and Olympic

Semaglutide and injectables are both sold under the trade names Ozempic and Wegovy. They aren’t precisely the same, though.

“Wegovy is FDA-approved for the treatment of overweight and obesity,” claims Kumar. “Wegovy was developed specifically for the treatment of overweight and obesity,” according to the manufacturer. “It contains a higher dose of semaglutide, [2.4 mg], than Ozempic.”

Does Ozempic aid in shedding pounds?

Kumar points out that Wegovy’s dosing was employed in the studies on semaglutide and weight loss, including one from 2021 that showed that once-weekly doses of 2.4 mg of semaglutide could lower body weight when paired with dietary and lifestyle modifications.

“[In the] study,] those who took the medication and made lifestyle changes lost almost 15% of their body weight, on average, compared to 3% in the placebo group,” Kumar claims.

So certainly, semaglutide may aid in weight loss, at least at a greater dose of 2.4 mg. Although Seltzer observes that the two medications function similarly, it is uncertain whether the 0.4 mg dosage difference between Ozempic and Wegovy is significant.

As food takes longer to leave the stomach and suppresses hunger, ozempic prolongs satiety, according to Seltzer. “It does nothing magical to the metabolism.”

In addition, Kumar points out that despite what some celebrities and social media influencers may say, these medications are not intended for those who just want to drop a few pounds.

“Normal-weight patients without diabetes might lose weight if they take GLP-1s, but the risks of the medication outweigh the benefit of weight loss just to be thin versus treating a disease,” says Kumar. “GLP-1s have not been studied in this population, and with this type of inappropriate use, we probably will see more side effects.”

Is Ozempic safe?

For adults with type 2 diabetes, ozempic is typically regarded as safe in doses up to 2 mg, however doctors agree that some people shouldn’t take it.

“It should be avoided in many populations, including but not limited to people with a history of pancreatitis, people who have had medullary thyroid cancer, or who are at increased risk for medullary thyroid cancer,” says Seltzer.

If you are a good candidate for Ozempic, your doctor can help you decide. Furthermore, some persons might suffer negative effects. According to Fitch, typical ones include:

  • nausea
  • constipation
  • dizziness
  • reduction in appetite
  • diarrhea

Can you regain weight after using semaglutide?

Patients who quit taking 2.4 mg dosages of semaglutide had gained back two-thirds of the weight they had lost one year after stopping, according to a trial of nearly 2,000 patients published in 2022.

The same problems that got the people into difficulty in the first place will still exist once the drug is stopped or loses its effectiveness, according to Seltzer, and the weight will quickly regain.

Fitch concurs,

Whatever you do personally to aid in weight loss, Fitch advises, “You have to keep doing it, or the weight will come back.” “The human body was created in this manner. It is constructed to safeguard its weight at all costs. Care for the elderly is crucial.

“Since obesity is a chronic disease, you must treat it chronically, ongoingly, and in a coordinated, comprehensive way,” adds Fitch. For a comprehensive approach to metabolic health, weight control, and primary care, patients must collaborate with their doctor.

What other therapies are there for obesity?

First, Fitch emphasises the need of being nonjudgmental and emphasising joint decision-making in all obesity treatments.

According to Fitch, “obesity is a lifelong chronic disease and should be treated in a compassionate and thorough patient-centered way, such as shared decision making around taking medication or having surgery with the risks and benefits in mind.”

Although diet and exercise are frequently suggested as first-line therapy, they are not always effective.

“Obesity is a complex disease with many factors,” explains Fitch. “We add in other treatments to help patients live longer, healthier, better quality lives when lifestyle changes are not enough.”


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Can hormones predict the possibility of weight loss?

Can hormones predict the possibility of weight loss?

In addition to being one of the world’s greatest killers, obesity is linked to several medical disorders. The majority of people who do succeed in losing excess weight do so only to gain it back, which frequently frustrates attempts to shed excess weight through lifestyle changes.

Understanding the complicated function that hormones play in this process may aid in the creation of effective long-term treatments for obesity.

Now that higher levels of the hormone neurotensin have been connected to greater weight loss maintenance in obese individuals, this information provides another hint as to how to rebound weight gain might be controlled.

It has long been understood that while many people who struggle with overweight or obese can lose excess weight through lifestyle changes like diet and exercise, it can be difficult for many of them to keep it off.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) views obesity as an epidemic since it causes more than 4 million deaths annually. Many of these fatalities are thought to be preventable with weight loss. For instance, it has been demonstrated that a weight loss of 5–7% can halt or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Sadly, up to 80% of people who lose weight through diet and exercise gain back every bit of the weight they previously did. In the past, this weight increase has been attributed to a lack of self-control or a failure to follow weight maintenance plans.

A higher level of the hormone neurotensin may be associated with a superior capacity to maintain weight loss in obese people who have recently lost weight, according to the most recent research, which gives a fresh explanation.

Do we regain weight after weight loss?

The assumption that the body would return to a predetermined weight despite weight loss or growth has been proposed as one theory to explain why people experience rebound weight gain.

Bariatric surgeon Dr. Mir Ali of Orange Coast Medical Centre in Fountain Valley, California, who also serves as the center’s medical director, explained:

According to the set point theory, there is a weight that your body prefers to maintain at all times (within 5 to 10 pounds). This set point can be influenced by a variety of factors, including age, heredity, sex, health issues, and degree of activity. But it’s unclear what mechanisms might be at work in this observation.

The importance of hormones in hunger regulation has just recently come to light, despite the WHO reporting a rise in the number of persons with obesity starting in the 1970s. Only in 1999 was ghrelin, a hormone that promotes the desire to eat, separated and identified. Its ability to control hunger, fat storage, and energy regulation is now well documented. It also has interactions with other hormones like insulin which are important in regulating energy and storing fat.

Researchers have postulated that the fact that ghrelin levels tend to increase after weight reduction brought on by diet and exercise may be the cause of “rebound weight gain.” Contrarily, after bariatric surgery, which has a lower rate of rebound weight gain than diet and exercise-based therapies, levels of this hormone drop.

Less than 20 years ago, in 2004, researchers found that ghrelin and leptin, a hormone that controls satiety and long-term energy balance, interact. Since then, it has been shown that obese individuals have leptin resistance, which makes them less susceptible to its appetite-suppressing benefits.

looking into the neurotensin hormone

Recently, the focus has shifted to a different hormone termed neurotensin and its potential contribution to weight gain following weight reduction. The brain and intestines both generate this hormone. Previous studies have demonstrated that neurotensin levels rise following bariatric surgery, much like other hormones that control hunger and energy expenditure.

According to Dr. Gina Leinninger, an associate professor of physiology at Michigan State University who studies how the body manages its energy and how it affects obesity in people.

The possibility that neurotensin could modify body weight has drawn increasing attention. We were aware from earlier studies that neurotensin could cause animal models to eat less and move around more, two behaviors that might help them lose weight.

Higher neurotensin levels following meals may be associated with an individual’s likelihood of maintaining weight loss, according to a group of Danish researchers. In mice and obese adults, they also demonstrated a drop in neurotensin levels following weight loss.

Effects of neurotensin on preserving weight loss

8 obese mice were kept on a regular diet as controls, while 9 obese mice were placed on a calorie-restricted diet for 8 days. After the animals were put to sleep, the scientists collected samples from the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and proximal colon to examine the levels of neurotensin expressed in those regions.

The goal of the calorie-restricted diet for mice was to promote weight loss that was comparable to what was shown in the 8-week human research.

The amounts of neurotensin in the jejunum region of the small intestine were much lower in the mice whose access to food was restricted, the researchers discovered.

The next step was to examine how a group of 42 obese patients responded to an extremely low-calorie diet plan of roughly 800 calories per day for eight weeks. Following this regimen, participants lost 12.3 kg on average. Participants underwent testing to see how their leptin, insulin, ghrelin, and neurotensin levels changed in the three hours following a meal after these 8 weeks.

For a further 52 weeks, researchers gave this group of participants instructions to eat a diet with a calorie restriction (600 fewer calories than their daily requirements).

Researchers examined data for a subcohort of participants from both groups—those who had lost over 3% weight during the maintenance period and those who had gained at least 5% of their initial weight loss—in order to examine the effect of hormones on weight loss maintenance.

After the initial 8-week weight loss phase, they discovered that those who had initially displayed a higher level of neurotensin in the three hours following a meal were more likely to have continued to lose weight during the maintenance phase.

What does this indicate for the management of obesity?

The Metabolism research is the first to link variations in circulating neurotensin to better/more sustained weight loss results in humans, and it suggests that (in the future), manipulating the neurotensin system might be helpful to support and/or optimise weight reduction. Dr. Leinninger acknowledged that there is still much to learn before that objective can be met.

In her own research, Dr. Leinninger examined the areas of the brain that neurotensin affects and if these areas are involved in the management of energy and obesity. That will be the focus of the following research steps.

How neurotensin can regulate weight and, more particularly, where in the body it acts, are the next great unanswered mysteries. We have some promising results in my lab’s investigation into how and where in the brain neurotensin can affect body weight, she said.


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Crohn’s disease: Top bad thing to your digestive system.

Crohn’s disease: Top bad thing to your digestive system.

Inflammatory bowel illness includes Crohn’s disease (IBD). It results in the tissues in your digestive tract swelling (inflammation), which can cause abdominal pain, severe diarrhoea, exhaustion, weight loss, and malnutrition.

People with Crohn’s disease may experience inflammation in many parts of their gastrointestinal tract, most frequently the small intestine. This inflammation frequently penetrates the innermost layers of the bowel. The symptoms of Crohn’s disease can occasionally be life-threatening and can be both unpleasant and incapacitating.

Although there is no proven treatment for Crohn’s disease, medicines can significantly lessen its signs and symptoms and even result in long-term remission and inflammatory healing. With medication, many Crohn’s disease sufferers can lead productive lives.

Types of Crohn’s disease

Different parts of the digestive system may be impacted by Crohn’s disease. The following list includes many forms of Crohn’s disease:

  • Ileocolitis: Inflammation affects the small intestine and a portion of the colon’s big intestine. Crohn’s disease most frequently manifests as ileocolitis.
  • Ileitis: The small intestine swells and becomes inflamed (ileum).
    Gastroduodenal: The stomach and the top of the small intestine are both affected by inflammation and irritation (the duodenum).
  • Jejunoileitis: Patchy inflammation appears in the top portion of the small intestine (called the jejunum).

Who might get Crohn’s disease?

The cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Your likelihood of getting the illness may be impacted by a number of variables, including:

  • Autoimmune disease: Your immune system may attack healthy cells as a result of digestive tract bacteria.
  • Genes: Inflammatory bowel disease(IBD) is a genetic condition that frequently runs in families. You may be more likely to get Crohn’s disease if one of your parents, siblings, or other family members does. People who have a number of certain gene mutations (changes) may be predisposed to Crohn’s disease.
  • Smoking: Smoking cigarettes could more than double your risk of developing Crohn’s disease.

These kinds of infections can become worse due to immune system issues caused by Crohn’s disease and associated therapies.

Yeast infections, which can harm the lungs and the digestive system, are frequent in people with Crohn’s disease. To avoid further difficulties, it’s crucial that these infections are correctly recognised and treated with antifungal drugs.

Crohn’s symptoms

Crohn’s disease signs and symptoms frequently appear gradually. Over time, some symptoms could possibly deteriorate more. Although it’s possible, it’s uncommon for symptoms to appear out of the blue. The following are some of the first signs of Crohn’s disease:

  • diarrhoea
  • stomach pains
  • stool with blood
  • fever
  • fatigue
  • reduced appetite
  • slim down
  • after having a bowel movement, you still feel like your bowels aren’t empty.
  • feeling the desire to go to the bathroom a lot

These symptoms can occasionally be confused with those of a different illness, such as food poisoning, an upset stomach, or an allergy. If any of these symptoms continue, you ought to visit your physician.

As the illness worsens, the symptoms could get worse. More problematic signs could be:

  • a discomfort and drainage-causing perianal fistula close to your anus
  • Anywhere from the mouth to the anus, ulcers may develop
  • swelling of the skin and joints
  • breathing difficulties or a reduced capacity for exercise as a result of anaemia

Early identification and detection can help you prevent serious problems and start treatment sooner.


More efficient therapies and perhaps even a cure for Crohn’s disease are still being sought for by researchers. However, symptoms can be well controlled, and remission is conceivable.

Your doctor can help you locate the proper prescription drugs, complementary therapies, and lifestyle changes that can be beneficial.

Consult your doctor if you experience gastrointestinal symptoms to identify the source and any relevant treatments.


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What is the reason behind white and formy Diarrhea?

What is the reason behind white and formy Diarrhea?

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is a common symptom, characterised by loose, watery, and possibly more frequent bowel movements. It can occur alone or in conjunction with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or weight loss.

Fortunately, diarrhoea is usually only temporary, lasting only a few days. When diarrhoea lasts for several days or weeks, it usually indicates the presence of another problem, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or a more serious disorder, such as chronic infection, celiac disease, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Even while most instances of diarrhoea are self-limited (lasting a certain period of time and progressing at a constant rate of severity), it can occasionally cause life-threatening consequences. Dehydration (when your body loses a lot of water), electrolyte imbalance (loss of sodium, potassium, and magnesium), and renal failure (not enough blood or fluid is delivered to the kidneys) are all effects of diarrhoea.

Along with excrement, diarrhoea causes the loss of electrolytes and water. To replenish the lost fluids, you must consume enough of liquids. If dehydration does not improve, worsens, or is not properly treated, it may become dangerous.

What causes diarrhea?

There are various ailments or situations that might produce diarrhoea. Possible reasons Among the reliable sources of diarrhoea are:

  • bacterial infections, such as Salmonella and E. coli, parasite infections, and viral gastroenteritis such as rotavirus, norovirus, and gastroenteritis
  • intestinal conditions, food intolerances such lactose intolerance, and drug interactions
  • stomach or gallbladder surgery

Globally, rotavirus is the most frequent cause of acute diarrhoea. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that this virus accounts for about 40% of hospitalizations among kids under the age of five. The majority of diarrhea-related deaths occur worldwide as a result of tainted water sources and inadequate sanitation.

A more serious disorder like irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease may show symptoms of chronic diarrhoea. Intestinal illness or a functional bowel dysfunction may be indicated by frequent and severe diarrhoea.

Symptoms of diarrhea

Frequent loose, watery stools and a strong urge to urinate are the two main signs of diarrhoea.

Diarrhea can cause a variety of distinct symptoms. Only one of these things might happen to you, or any combination of them might. The reason determines the symptoms. It’s normal to experience one or more of the followingTrusted Source feelings:

  • Constant urges to urinate include nausea, abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, dehydration, and abdominal cramps.
  • an abundance of stools
  • dehydration

White and formy Diarrhea

While a standard stool is typically solid and brown, there are various variances that might occur. Stool that is foamy or frothy usually resembles diarrhoea and may even appear to have bubbles in it. It could also appear oily or have mucous in it.

Foamy stools are frequently a reaction to specific foods. If so, it will be a singular occurrence that gets better with time and fluids. Generally speaking, eating more fat than the body can break down can lead to frothy stools. Foamy stools, however, might also be an indication of a serious medical issue.


Disorder of malabsorption

The condition known as malabsorption disorder occurs when the body is unable to properly absorb or utilise nutrients from diet. Celiac disease is a prevalent malabsorption problem. This occurs when a person consumes gluten and experiences an autoimmune reaction, resulting in intestinal inflammation and other gastrointestinal symptoms like changes in faeces.

Similar symptoms can be brought on by dietary intolerances to different foods. These foods consist of Sugar alcohols such mannitol, sorbitol, and xylitol, as well as eggs, fructose, lactose, and shellfish.
After consuming a particular dish, a person could get frothy stools. They might also feel queasy or bloated.


Pancreatitis can be either acute or chronic. It can impair one’s ability to digest fats.

This condition can cause severe pain, particularly in the upper abdomen, and the pain can spread to the back.Pancreatitis can cause the following symptoms in addition to foamy stools:

  • fever, nausea, and rapid heartbeat
  • exocrine pancreatic insufficiency swollen abdomen vomiting

Pancreatitis may necessitate hospitalisation for treatment.


Gas bubbles can be produced by a bacterial, parasite, or viral illness in the gastrointestinal tract, giving stool a foamy appearance.

Giardia is a parasite that is frequently the cause of infection. Consuming tainted water or food might make you sick. When swimming, for instance, a person could also come in contact with contaminated water.

Additional indications of an infection include:

  • exhaustion, flatulence, nauseousness, and unexplained weight loss
  • Symptoms of an infection can last for two to six weeks, on average.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) sufferers may have mucus in their stools, which might give the impression that it is frothy.

IBS additionally manifests as:

  • stomach cramps and agony
  • diarrhea
  • bloating
  • constipation

Abdominal operations

Digestion may be harmed by abdominal surgery. The removal of a section of the large or small intestine is one of these procedures.

Short bowel syndrome, which can result in persistent diarrhoea and frothy stools, can be brought on by surgery. This ailment could be transient and go away after the body heals.

However, if a patient has this syndrome for an extended period of time, a doctor will typically suggest supplements to make sure the patient gets enough nutrition.


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Benefits and side effects of weight gain capsules.

Benefits and side effects of weight gain capsules.

While many people struggle with weight loss, others battle weight gain. There are good and bad methods to go about improving your strength, developing a more muscular physique, or getting back to a healthy weight after a large weight loss. While not completely risk-free, weight gain supplements and pills may be useful in some circumstances. Focus on eating a healthy diet to gain weight and doing the right kind of exercise to help you reach your goals.

Despite common assumption, not everyone desires eternal thinness, and not everyone puts on weight simply by smelling french fries. Some people find it difficult to gain weight, while others simply like to have well-toned bodies.

Whichever group you belong to, the greatest weight gain pills are the perfect option for you. You can easily reach your optimum weight if you use these appetite suppressants to gain weight.

What are weight gain pills?

Medications recommended by a doctor and over-the-counter supplements both fall under the category of “weight gain medicines.” Despite the fact that over-the-counter goods frequently lack scientific support and are largely unregulated, supplements assert that they encourage safe and natural weight growth.

Consult a healthcare professional to assess the ideal weight range for your health and lifestyle if you’re unsure whether you should aim to gain weight. You should also ask them for guidance about weight-gain supplements. Not everyone should take these supplements.

Prescription Medication for Weight Gain

Anabolic steroids are a component of prescription weight-gain medications. If you have lost a lot of weight and are underweight as a result of a disease like cancer or muscular dystrophy, your doctor could think about prescribing steroids to you.

Bodybuilders and athletes may utilise prescription medicines illegally to bulk up and improve performance. There are numerous health dangers associated with the improper use of anabolic steroids, some of which are very serious. You must only use these medications under a doctor’s supervision.

How Medicines cause weight gain?

Weight gain brought on by medications might have various root reasons. Your appetite may be increased by some medications. You eat more as a result, putting on weight. Your body’s metabolism may be impacted by some medications. Your body burns calories more slowly as a result. You might retain water as a result of some medications. Even if you don’t gain more fat, this causes you to weigh more. The way your body stores and absorbs sugars and other nutrients may be impacted by different medications.

You could be less likely to exercise if a medication makes you feel exhausted or out of breath. Weight gain may result from this. Researchers are unsure of precisely what causes the weight gain when taking some medications.

Drugs that could result in weight gain include:

  • medications for diabetes, including sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, and insulin
  • Haloperidol, clozapine, risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, and lithium are antipsychotic medications.
  • Amitriptyline, imipramine, paroxetine, escitalopram, citalopram, mirtazapine, and sertraline are examples of antidepressants.
  • medications for epilepsy such as gabapentin, valproate, divalproex, and carbamazepine
  • Prednisone and other steroid hormone drugs, as well as birth control pills
  • medications that lower blood pressure, such as beta-blockers like propranolol and metoprolol

It’s significant to remember that not all of these types of medications result in weight gain. For instance, the diabetes medication metformin may prevent you from gaining weight. Topiramate, a medication for migraines and seizures, can also aid in weight loss.

Symptoms and side effects.

You may have noticed that since starting your medication, you have put on a few pounds. Sometimes, this takes place quickly. Other times, however, it proceeds more gradually. It’s possible that you won’t realise you’ve put on weight until your doctor tells you about it at an appointment.

You can experience other symptoms, depending on the reason for your weight increase. For instance, it can be more difficult for you to exercise or you might have a greater hunger. Even so, you might not always experience these other signs.

Being overweight increases the chance of developing or makes existing health issues worse, including:

  • decreased glucose tolerance or diabetes
  • Arthritis
  • elevated blood pressure
  • Heart condition
  • Stroke
  • Slumber apnea
  • liver illness
  • specific lung diseases
  • Infertility
  • specific cancers
  • psychological difficulties

Your healthcare practitioner will assist you in weighing the benefits and drawbacks of the medicine.


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What are the benefits & side effects of Carom seed(Ajwain)?

What are the benefits & side effects of Carom seed(Ajwain)?

What is Ajwain?

Ajwain is a plant-based product that has its roots in India. These seeds range in colour from a mild shade of olive green to brown. It is also known as Ugragandha in Sanskrit due to its potent scent. Ajwain seeds have a flavour that is bitter and pungent, similar to oregano. It is frequently added to the production of curries and pickles because of its potent aromatic fragrance.

The seeds of the ajwain plant, Trachyspermum Ammi, are known as carom seeds. They frequently appear in Indian food. The fruit of the ajwain plant is referred to as carom seeds. You can purchase them whole or have them ground into a powder to use as a spice in recipes.

Ajwain is beneficial to your health in addition to adding taste to food. The seeds contain a trace quantity of Ajwain oil, which is rich in thymol, a phenol that gives the fruit its thyme-like aroma. Thymol is often used as a treatment for digestive problems. Additionally, it possesses antibacterial and antifungal qualities.

Uses of ajwain seeds in cooking:

  • Because of their complex flavour and distinctive flavour, carom seeds are an interesting spice to add to curries.
  • The best way to use carom seeds is to dry roast them or rapidly fry them in butter before adding them to a recipe.
  • Ajwain, also known as carom seeds, are introduced at the “tadka,” or “seasoning,” stage of Indian cookery. In order to infuse the oil with the flavours of the spices, tadka involves frying entire seeds in heated oil.
  • Crush the ajwain between your palms or in a mortar and pestle, then add it at the very end of cooking if you want to preserve the spice’s pungent flavour.

Properties of Ajwain:

  • it’s an anthelminthic (acts against parasitic worms)It could possess analgesic (pain-relieving) properties.
  • might have antibacterial properties that either kill or inhibit germs.
  • may have antifungal (killing or preventing the growth of fungi) properties.
  • could have antiviral properties (acts against viruses)
  • might act as a cough suppressant and/or have antiplatelet properties.
  • may have cholesterol-lowering (antihyperlipidemic) properties.
  • may contain a diuretic (increases the flow of urine)
  • could have anti-inflammatory properties (relieves inflammation)
  • may function as a detoxifier (removal of toxic substances from the body)
  • There’s a chance it has hepatoprotective (liver-protecting) qualities.
  • might be a protective agent.
  • may act as an inducer of digestion.
  • might relieve ulcer pain (antiulcer)

Benefits of Ajwain

Ajwain seeds are fantastic for your health because they are high in carbs, fibre, protein, and lipids. Additionally, it contains niacin, thiamine, salt, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals.

These seeds have been used in Ayurvedic medicine to cure gas, ease constipation, and enhance digestion. The following are the advantages benefits of ajwain.

1. Helps in Digestion:

  • Ajwain seeds aid in better digestion by speeding up the process of food breakdown in the gut. When the active enzymes in ajwain seeds are broken down, the stomach juices are released. This improves how well the digestive system functions.
  • The digestive juices in carom seeds relieve constipation to some extent and prevent stomach cramps and bloating.

2. Weight loss:

  • Ajwain seeds, which are laxative, hasten the digestive process and force you to use the restroom, which aids in weight loss.
  • It can draw out the healthy nutrients and prevent the body from storing an excessive amount of fat. Additionally, it quickens the body’s metabolism, which aids in weight loss.

3. Pain Reliever:

  • Carom seeds are a potent pain reliever thanks to the thymol chemicals they contain. They can provide relief from toothaches, earaches, and headaches. Ajwain seeds can relieve headaches and migraines when they are crushed and applied to the temples.
  • Earaches can be relieved by dabbing a few drops of carom seed oil on the outer part of the ear. Toothaches can be relieved by gargling with lukewarm water and soaked carom seeds three to four times per day.

4. Prevents early hair ageing:

  • Applying carom seed paste to your hair or drinking a glass of water infused with ajwain seeds, curry leaves, and dried grapes once a day will help maintain a healthy scalp and delay the onset of early hair ageing.

5. Helps to treat respiratory tract infection:

  • Reduces swelling and kills germs to treat respiratory tract infections: Chemicals in carom seeds are effective at treating sore throats and other respiratory infections.
  • When you chew ajwain seeds with lukewarm water, mucus is forced out of the nose.

6. Prevents acne and pimples:

  • Acne and pimple prevention: Ajwain seeds naturally contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that can help lessen skin irritations like acne and pimples.
  • The application of a carom seed paste to your skin for 10 to 15 minutes helps remove grime and lighten acne scars.

Side effects of Ajwain

  • Beware if you enjoy eating ajwain! Consuming carom seeds in excess can frequently cause gas and acid reflux.
  • Ajwain contains thymol, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness (only if you are allergic)
  • The ajwain seeds have powerful bioactive chemicals, which can lead to tongue irritation, a burning sensation, and mouth ulcers, according to an article in Pharmeasy.
  • Ajwain must be avoided if you are pregnant. Carom seeds may impair foetal growth.
  • Not only that, but excessive eating of raw ajwain is regarded as hazardous because it can cause deadly poisoning.
  • It must not be done if you are having surgery. According to the Pharmeasy article, taking ajwain supplements may make bleeding more likely both during and after surgery.


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Know how antibiotics can affect your body weight.

Know how antibiotics can affect your body weight.

It is frequently stated that there is no magic weight-loss medicine. However, a recent University of Chicago study that looked at how the immune system, gut flora, and food. They suggested that the same type of medication used to treat ear infections and strep throat may also be useful in helping us lose excess weight.

According to study researcher of the University of Chicago MD-PhD, the findings point to a potential link between weight gain. Also, the types of bacteria found in the gut, which suggests that in the future, antibiotics that kill bacteria may join diet and exercise in the fight against obesity.

What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are potent drugs that treat some diseases and can even save lives. They either kill germs or prevent them from multiplying.

The immune system can usually eliminate bacteria before they grow and produce symptoms. Even if symptoms appear, the immune system is typically able to handle and ward off the infection. This is because white blood cells (WBCs) destroy harmful germs.

However, occasionally there are too many dangerous germs for the immune system to completely eliminate. The usage of antibiotics is appropriate here.

Penicillin was the original antibiotic. Ampicillin, amoxicillin, and penicillin G are just a few examples of penicillin-based antibiotics that are still readily available and have been used for many years to treat a range of illnesses.

Modern antibiotics come in a variety of forms, but in the US, they are often only available with a prescription. Over-the-counter (OTC) creams and ointments contain topical antibiotics.

Antibiotics and weight loss

Our bodies naturally create lymphotoxin, which controls the immune system’s role in promoting the growth of some types of bacteria (specifically, the kind that encourages weight gain) in the stomach. And we consume some bacteria: Probiotics, often known as beneficial bacteria, are an increasingly well-liked addition to foods like probiotic yoghurt and pills.

Probiotics, often known as beneficial bacteria, are an increasingly well-liked addition to foods like probiotic yoghurt and pills.

According to certain professionals, antibiotics may be specifically formulated to encourage weight reduction. Since they can simultaneously boost the growth of some bacteria while inhibiting the growth of other bacteria. However, there are more than 500 different bacterial strains in the intestine, and it is yet unclear which specific strains prevent weight growth. Only then may these bacteria be used to combat fat.

Antibiotics and weight gain

Surprisingly, scientists have been aware that antibiotics contribute to weight growth for more than 70 years. According to a 1955 New York Times article, the pharmaceutical corporation Pfizer actually sponsored a contest among its animal feed salesmen to determine who could put on the most weight. These men got onto a scale in front of a crowd in a hotel ballroom after eating food spiked with antibiotics.

Antibiotics have been linked to weight gain, and this is supported by data as well as anecdotes. Numerous studies all support the same conclusion. For instance, a 2018 study that compiled more than 12 studies involving more than 500,000 kids found that infants who received antibiotics were more likely to be overweight. These weight gains persist into adulthood, according to a more recent study that was published in Nature Reviews Endocrinology.


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Is Obesity affecting the sexual health of Men?

Is Obesity affecting the sexual health of Men?


Overweight and obesity have become major public health problems worldwide, since they may reduce life expectancy by 7 years at the age of 40 years. Excess bodyweight is now the sixth biggest risk factor for the cause of global morbidity and mortality. Compared to normal weight subjects, overweight and obesity increase the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) by 30–90%. Subjects with ED, however, tend to weigh more and have a greater waist circumference than those without, and are more likely to have hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.

A link exists between ED and the metabolic syndrome, which is characterized by insulin resistance and abdominal obesity. A higher prevalence of sexual dysfunction exists among women with metabolic syndrome compared to matched control women. Physical activity and lifestyle changes aimed at reducing body weight are associated with improvements in both erectile and endothelial functions in obese men. In addition, preliminary research suggests that a Mediterranean-style diet could improve sexual function in women with metabolic syndrome. Changing your lifestyle, including regular physical activity and a healthy diet, is an effective and safe method for preventing cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in all population groups; it may also prevent and treat sexual dysfunction for both sexes.

Low testosterone role

Males with a large amount of belly fat often have lower than normal testosterone levels, which may require treatment. Low testosterone levels are associated with increased weight gain related to high estrogen and cortisol levels in men. There are several disorders having link with low testosterone level such as,

The connection between high BMI numbers and low testosterone levels has been found in many studies about low testosterone. It has been shown that losing weight helps increase testosterone production, which can resolve problems with erectile dysfunction or impotence.

Losing weight sometimes results in men gaining lean muscle and having normal testosterone levels once again, so they can experience normal sexual stamina and performance.

Effects of poor blood circulation on ED

Erections require an increased flow of blood to the penile region, as most men already know. Several health conditions, including inflammation, hypertension, and other conditions associated with obesity, can impair the heart’s ability to pump blood efficiently throughout the body.

There are many conditions that damage the inner lining of blood vessels. It is therefore much more difficult to achieve an erection when an increase in blood is not reaching the penis.

In addition to eating a diet high in unhealthy fats, sugars, and cholesterol, obese people also tend to suffer from poor nutrition. The arteries narrow and harden when you eat a low quality diet, which can be harmful to your heart and circulatory system. In addition to affecting blood flow, atherosclerosis also causes a thickening of the arteries.

Can weight loss really help Erectile dysfunction?

YES. Fortunately, weight loss can minimize, if not completely cure the erectile dysfunction. It has been scientifically shown that losing weight is one of the leading ways to restore healthy erectile function.

Researchers found promising results when they examined the connection between weight loss and erectile dysfunction. Among the men in the study who lost weight, more than 30% reported that they regained normal sexual function after losing weight. In addition, they displayed reduced inflammatory and oxidative markers, which are also related to erection maintenance and difficulty getting an erection.

Men do not need to take drastic measures in order to lose weight to cure ED, according to the study. A decrease in daily calories of 300 and increased exercise throughout the week was all participants needed to lose weight. A diet low in calories and an increase in physical activity is usually the most effective way to burn excess fat and pounds.

It is beneficial to lose weight in two ways. In addition to improving your physical health, losing weight also improves your mental health. By simply dropping a few pounds, you can cure any conditions that could cause ED, such as high blood pressure. A healthier diet will keep your arteries from narrowing and clogging, allowing blood to flow more efficiently.

Aside from feeling more confident and having higher self-esteem, losing weight also promotes a sense of self-esteem. Bedroom anxiety can be much easier to deal with when you feel and look your happiest. Positive self-images and feelings of self-worth can make a significant difference in sexual performance and stamina.

Tips for losing weight and belly fat to counter erectile dysfunction

In order to lose weight and regain control over your health, there is no shortcut. Maintaining your weight loss requires lifestyle changes that will serve you for years to come. Following are some of the most effective ways to loose weight.

  • Lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains should be part of a balanced diet.
  • sugary drinks must be replaced with low calorie or low sugary drinks.
  • Drinking more water also helps in loosing fat.
  • Often a combination exercise with resistance training, stretching, and cardiovascular exercises must be the part of lifestyle.

An individual can feel huge difference in the overall health by loosing weight and getting rid of excess belly fat. More importantly, regaining sexual health and confidence boost in bedroom are result of following such discipline.


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