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What are the causes of Molybdenum Toxicity in a human body?

What are the causes of Molybdenum Toxicity in a human body?

Molybdenum Supplement

Molybdenum supplements are synthetic medicines that consist of only molybdenum in combination with several other multimineral and multivitamins. It is most commonly used to treat molybdenum deficiency that is generally rare. There is a lack of scientific evidence but molybdenum supplement is thought to be used for esophagus cancer, other types of Cancers, and several other medical conditions.

Molybdenum Deficiency

Deficiency of Molybdenum generally refers to low amount of molybdenum inside the body which could be due to insufficient amount of molybdenum intake which is very rare or due to certain medical condition that affects the absorption of molybdenum. It results in inability to form cofactor enzymes even if an appropriate amount of molybdenum is available in the body. There are several adverse symptoms associated with molybdenum deficiency such as:

The deficiency of Molybdenum cofactor causes a rare condition that is identified as a brain disorder called encephalopathy that intensifies with time. When babies are born with these conditions, initially they seem to be normal but within a few days, they get hard to feed and develop seizures that are untreatable.

Necessary intake of Molybdenum In a human body

Molybdenum is beneficial in a trace amount and its intake is generally based on an individual’s age, medical condition, and diet. The distribution of molybdenum intake in humans is classified as:
For Infants:

  • For babies below 6months old, 2 mcg of molybdenum if needed
  • 3 mcg of molybdenum is beneficial for babies between 7-12 months old.

For Children:

  • 17 mcg of molybdenum daily for toddlers between 1-3 years.
  • 4-8 years of children need 22 mcg of molybdenum per day.
  • children between 9-13 years of age demand 34 mcg of molybdenum daily

For Females:

  • 14-18 year olds need 43 mcg of molybdenum daily.
  • Adults need 45 mcg of molybdenum everyday.
  • pregnant females need 50 mcg/day of molybdenum.
  • lactating females need 50 mcg/day of molybdenum.

For Males:

  • 14-18 year olds need 43 mcg of molybdenum daily
  • Adults need 45 mcg of molybdenum everyday.

Molybdenum Toxicity

  • A human body requires a small amount of molybdenum daily to stay healthy. Similarly, too much molybdenum could cause harmful effects although toxicity of molybdenum is very rare.
  • According to the Food and Drug Administration FDA, the upper limit for molybdenum intake is 2mg. Mostly, an individual does not come even closer to this amount through daily diet and supplement.

Other reasons for Molybdenum Toxicity

As it is almost impossible to get toxicity of molybdenum through diet, the cause is mostly related to exposure of molybdenum through the environment. There are several possible causes of molybdenum toxicity in a human body such as:

  • environmental exposure
  • food from stainless steel cookware
  • high intake of molybdenum supplement
  • occupational exposure
  • intense physical activity
  • impaired kidney functions 
  • cigarette smoking
  • metal hip implant
  • hemodialysis
  • impaired liver function


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How much Copper mineral does a child need?

How much Copper mineral does a child need?

Copper and its use in the human body

Copper is a small group of metallic elements which is one of the most essential nutrients for the human body. It is an important trace mineral that is necessary for survival of a human body. Although this mineral is extremely important, only a small amount of copper is needed for a inhuman body to ensure several vital intrabody functions. 

Copper associated with iron helps the body to form red blood cells. This essential mineral alo helps in maintaining the health of the immune system, blood vessels, bones, and nerves of a human body. It helps in formation of a key part of bones and connective tissue called collagen. 

This nutrient acts as an antioxidant that helps in reducing free radicals that could damage the cells and DNA of the body. Copper is also required for cardiovascular solidity, neuroendocrine function, lung elasticity, growth, etc.

Benefits of Copper in Humans

Inside a human body, Copper is associated with a number of health benefits that play a role alone or as a combination with other multinutrients. Some of the general health benefits of copper include:

  • supports the immune system
  • protects cells and DNA from free radicals
  • converts sugar into energy
  • helps in production of red blood cells
  • helps in formation of collagen that is essential for the health of bones and connecting tissues
  • assist in absorption of iron in the body
  • maintains healthy nerve cells
  • prevents cardiovascular diseases
  • prevents bone diseases such as osteoporosis

Naturals Sources of Copper

Copper is a kind of nutrient that a human body is unable to produce on its own. Copper is available in several forms such as Copper bisglycinate, Copper citrate, etc. There are a number of natural and customized food products containing a rich source of copper that includes:

  • oysters
  • whole grains
  • potatoes
  • dark leafy green veggies
  • dried fruits
  • kidney
  • beef and lamb liver
  • cashews
  • lobster
  • beans
  • yeast
  • cocoa
  • black peppers
  • almonds
  • shiitake mushrooms
  • dark chocolate
  • Spirulina
  • coconut

Necessary amount of copper for the Human body

The amount of copper required for an individual’s body is generally classified by an individual’s age group, medical condition, and diet such as:
For all Infants:

  • 200 mg of Copper for infants upto 6months old.
  • 220 mcg of copper for infants between 7-12 months old.

For all Children:

  • 340 mcg of copper daily for toddlers between 1-3 years.
  • 4-8 years of children need 440 mcg of copper everyday.
  • children between 9-13 years of age demand 700 mcg of copper daily

For Males:

  • 9-18 year olds need 4500 mg of Potassium daily
  • Adults need 4800 mg of potassium everyday.

For Females:

  • 14-18 years old need 890 mcg of Copper daily.
  • Adults need 900 mcg of copper everyday.
  • pregnant females need 1000 mcg/day of copper.
  • lactating females need 1300 mcg/day of copper.

The most effective way of getting enough of such nutrients daily is to get a balanced diet daily. that must include a variety of healthy food products. 


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What happens when you consume more sulphur than required?

What happens when you consume more sulphur than required?

Sulfur Supplements

Sulfur supplements are synthetic medical drugs that consist of a rich source of sulfur. Deficiency of sulfur is common and supplement has a primary motive of treating low levels of sulfur for an individual. Supplements of sulfur could be used for other reasons where there is more demand for sulfur minerals.

The amount of supplement dosage is based on an individual’s diet, medical condition, and age group. A supplement of high quality must be consumed to treat such deficiencies which is available on mygenericpharmacy website. A deficit person must consult a health professional before consuming the supplement on their own. 

Deficiency of sulfur

Deficiency of sulfur is a condition in which a human body does not have the necessary amount of sulfur to perform several tasks and functions associated with it. The reason for such low levels of sulfur could be due to the diet or medical condition of an individual. Sulfur generally exists in blood and is excreted by urine. It is fundamentally an important mineral for the overall well being of a human body. When a human body runs low on sulfur, there is an increased risk of several medical conditions such as :

  • leg and foot cramps
  • muscle spasm and twitching
  • stress and depression
  • irritability
  • sensitive to loud noise
  • compromise of glutathione synthesis
  • Arthritis
  • brittle nails and hairs, etc.

Daily intake amount of Sulfur

  • Ideally, sulfur is consumed naturally by the general food we eat daily. However, there are standard amounts of sulfur associated for an individual in terms of their age group, medical condition, and diet. An individual must discuss all the matters thoroughly with their health professional in order to get proper knowledge on their daily sulfur needs. 
  • There is not much specific amount of sulfur specified for an individual as the mineral is broken down through certain minerals.

Toxicity of Sulfur

Sulfur toxicity is unlikely to be caused in humans because it is non-toxic. However, if a human body get diagnosed with high sulfur level, it will only lead to several mild symptoms such as:

  • irritation in ears, eyes, and nose
  • burning sensation
  • diarrhea
  • skin irritation
  • coughing
  • phlegm
  • may cause asthma attack

Your condition could worsen if any of the symptoms is caused during the exercising period. Sulfur toxicity could also be caused by inhaling or airbourne to the exposure to sulfuric chemicals. It is advisable to seek medical help immediately if an individual notices such effects.


  • The intake of sulfur must be based on an individual’s age, diet, and medical condition.
  • Deficiency of sulfur is common and can cause several unusual effects on an individual’s health
  • Supplements of sulfur are beneficial to treat deficiency and several other medical conditions associated due to lack of this nutrient
  • Toxicity of sulfur is an unlikely condition that consists of several mild effects which must be attended to as soon as identified.


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