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Fluoride Overdose and its symptoms in a human body

Fluoride Overdose and its symptoms in a human body

Fluoride Deficiency

Fluoride is one of the most essential minerals required for the human body to improve/maintain health of bones and teeth. Its deficiency could be common due to insufficient amount of fluoride in the body or due to its limited utilization. A low amount of fluoride could create a condition for bacteria found in plague. This allows them to produce acid that affects the tooth enamel. There are few symptoms associated with low level of fluoride in the body such as 

  • cavities in teeth
  • brittle or weak bones
  • decaying of teeth
  • weakening of tooth enamel
  • osteoporosis
  • fractured hips

What is Fluoride Supplement?

  • Fluoride is a kind of mineral that is naturally available in a number of natural food products as well as in dietary supplements. These supplements are synthetic medications that consist of beneficial amounts of fluoride along with other assisting medical agents that inhibits or overturn the onset and development of tooth decay as well as helps in formation of new bones.
  • Generally, fluoride deficiency must not be common due to its wide availability in natural as well as manmade dental products especially for dental care. However, people lacking Fluoride intake could consume supplements of this mineral which are generally available in the market. 
  • These supplements are available in different forms such as drops, tablets, chewing gums, Lozenges, varnishes, mouth rinses, tooth paste, gel. foam, fluoridated water, etc. An individual must consume such supplements based on their diet, age group, and medical conditions that may interfere with the following medication. 

Fluoride overdose in Human body

As a limited amount of fluoride is associated with number of benefits especially for bones and teeth, excess consumption of fluoride generally results in a number of medical health issue such as

  • Skeletal Fluorosis – This could result in pain or damage to the bones due to less elasticity and more hardening of bones that increases the risk of fractures.
  • Neurological problems – According to several research studies, higher levels of fluoride was associated with lower IQ in children between 6-12 years old.
  • Dental fluorosis – excess exposure of fluoride during the developing stage of teeth i.e. childhood could result in dental fluorosis which could be identified by discoloration of teeth.
  • Thyroid problems – More excess of fluoride might also result in parathyroid gland damage. This causes hyperparathyroidism, a condition which could displace the calcium concentration from bone structure into the blood, thereby increasing the risk of bone fracture.

There are also several other medical condition that could be developed due to excess exposure of fluoride such as:

  • reproductive issue
  • several bone and joints disease or disorders
  • several skin problems such as acne
  • other thyroid disorder
  • high blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • myocardial damage
  • cardiac insufficiency
  • other cardiovascular disorders

There is also a condition called Fluoride poisoning in which very high exposure of fluoride is found which results in several serious health conditions such as:

  • Excess production of saliva
  • muscle spasm
  • abdominal pain
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • seizures

Such a high level is generally not caused by drinking usual fluoridated water but an accidental contamination of water due to explosion or specific industrial fire could result in such acute fluoride level. It is advisable to consult a health professional immediately in case any of such symptoms are identified by an individual and discuss all the possible pros and cons associated with supplements before consuming them.


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How much Vitamin C does your body need daily?

How much Vitamin C does your body need daily?

One of the most important nutrients required for our body to perform several functions is Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid. It is one of the thirteen essential vitamins that a human body requires on a daily basis. Vitamin C is necessary for repairing several tissues and general growth of the body. It plays an important role in making ligaments, blood vessels, tendons, and skin of your body. Also, vitamin C plays an important role for the production of a natural substance called Collagen which works as a main component for connecting tissues and 1-2% of your body’s muscle build-up.

Dose of vitamin C

Although it is true that vitamin C supplements are applicable for all groups of people i.e. children, adults, and elderly, it is important that a human body must consume this nutrient based on their age group.

  • For babies upto 6 month old, a 40mg dose is required while 7-12 months old babies need 50mg of vitamin C.
  • Coming to toddlers between 1-3 years, supplement of 15mg and children from 4-8 years old require 25 mg of vitamin c daily.
  • Finally for teenagers and adults, an ideal dose of 60-90 mg/day is recommended with an extreme upper limit of 2000 mg/day.

 However, an individual should recommend to a doctor before taking high doses of vitamin C when dealing with kidney disease, liver disease, gout, etc. 

Deficiency of Vitamin C

Due to low levels of nutrients, people usually take vitamin C supplements to maintain or increase the nutrient level in their body to avoid symptoms of its deficiency.

Low level or deficiency of vitamin C in the body could lead to a number of unwanted and troublesome diseases such as:

  • skin disorders such as rough skin or skin ageing,
  • weakening of bone,
  • swollen joints which may lead to Arthritis,
  • slow healing of wound,
  • anaemia,
  • teeth and gum problems,
  • hair growth disorders, etc. 

Overdose on Vitamin C

It is universally true that vitamin C is very important for a human body’s needs but over intake of this supplement will not only decrease its importance but also increase the risk of several harmful effects to your body. 

Overconsumption of vitamin C could result in unfavourable conditions such as gastrointestinal problems, diarrhea, abdominal cramp, increased risk of cardiovascular disease in post menopause women, tissue damage, etc. 

It is professionally recommended to conduct certain tests to determine a specific amount of vitamin C that will be beneficial for an individual body. 


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