Manganese and its use in a human body
Manganese is a chemical element that is considered as one of the most essential minerals required for a human body. It is a trace mineral that is mostly found in several parts of the body such as the kidney, livers, bones, and pancreas.
Manganese is involved in many chemical processes of a human body including carbohydrates, proteins, and Cholesterol. It is an important component of antioxidant enzymes called superoxide dismutase (SOD), that helps to fight against free radicals. Manganese is associated with a number of vital intrabody functions such as immune response, reactive oxygen species scavenging, formation of tissues, blood clotting factors, bones, sex hormones, and prevents inflammation.
It is necessary for a human body in a trace amount i.e. lower the manganese level, higher the absorption rate inside the body. It is a cofactor for many essential enzymes such as pyruvate carboxylase, arginase, and manganese superoxide dismutase. These enzymes help to maintain cell membrane and mitochondria and prevent the damage caused by them.
Natural sources of Manganese for humans
Although manganese is needed in a trace amount, a human body is dependable to consume this mineral from the food and supplements they add in their diet.
Manganese is naturally available in a number of natural food products in categories of fishes, nuts, fruits, meats, etc. Some of those food products include:
- chicken breast
- black pepper
- sesame seeds
- White rice
- brown rice
- kidney beans
- shrimp, etc.
A human body is able to absorb only 1-5% of manganese provided by diet. As per studies, infants and children tend to absorb more manganese i.e. nearly 20% when compared to an adult body. Also, the absorption rate of manganese increases with less quantity and decreases when more manganese is received with not much known about the factor that controls the absorption rate.
Essential Manganese benefits in a human body
Inside a human body, Manganese is associated with a number of health benefits that play a role for the growth and development. Some of the essential health benefits of this mineral include:
- improves wound healing due to role in collagen production
- strong antioxidant properties
- regulation of blood sugar level
- metabolism of several other nutrients
- maintains and improves brain functions
- protection against free radicals
- improves bone health with other nutrients
- reduces inflammation
- reduces the risk of epileptic seizures
- helps to maintain good thyroid health
- reduces premenstrual (PMS) symptoms
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