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What are the top 5 symptoms of depression?

What are the top 5 symptoms of depression?

What is a depression?

Depression is a mood disorder characterized by sadness and loss of interest. Known as major depression or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think, behave, and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. In addition to causing emotional and physical problems, it can also make it difficult for you to function at work and at home.

You may experience feelings of sadness and/or lose interest in the activities you once enjoyed because of depression. There may be difficulties going about your daily activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living. The good news is that it is also treatable.

Despite the existence of effective treatments for mental disorders, more than 75% of people in low- and middle-income countries do not receive any treatment. There are several barriers to effective mental health care, including a lack of resources, a lack of trained health-care providers, and social stigma associated with mental illness. People with depression in countries of all income levels are frequently misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants even when they do not have the disorder.

Symptoms of depression

In a depressive episode, the individual experiences significant difficulties in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, and/or other important areas. The symptoms generally differs in terms of severity and natured which is based on individual occupation, gender, and age group. Depression symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:

  • Changes in appetite
  • Loss of energy or increased fatigue
  • Increase in purposeless physical activity or slowed movements or speech
  • weight loss or weight gain
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
  • Feeling worthless or guilty
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

Furthermore, medical conditions such as thyroid problems, brain tumors, and vitamin deficiencies can mimic depression symptoms, so it is important to rule out general medical causes.

Depression report worldwide

It is estimated that one in fifteen adults (6.7%) suffer from depression each year. In addition, one in six people (16.6%) will experience depression at some point in their lives. The first signs of depression usually appear during the late teens to mid-20s, but can occur at any age. Depression is more common in women than in men. It is estimated that one third of women will experience a major depressive episode at some point in their lives. In first-degree relatives (parents, children, siblings), depression has a high degree of heritability (approximately 40%).

Triggering events

Events which triggers an individual’s emotional, psychological, or physical events or circumstances that can cause depression symptoms to appear or return are generally categorized as tiggering events. Some of the most general and major triggering events include:

  • The loss of a loved one, the conflict within the family, and the change of a relationship are stressful events in life
  • Recovery from depression is incomplete when depression treatment is stopped too early
  • An illness or medical crisis, such as a new diagnosis or chronic disease such as diabetes or heart disease.


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What happens when you are diagnosed with asthma?

What happens when you are diagnosed with asthma?

Asthma is a respiratory condition in which a person’s airways are inflamed, narrowed and swollen, causing extra mucus to build up, making it difficult to breath. The severity of this condition could range from mild to serious. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 25 million Americans suffer fromTrusted Source have asthma. It is the most common chronic condition among American children. One child out of every twelve suffers from itTrusted Source has asthma. 

Asthma is a major noncommunicable disease (NCD), affecting both children and adults, and is the most common chronic disease among children. Most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle-income countries, where under-diagnosis and under-treatment is a challenge.

What is an asthma attack?

Under normal conditions, whena person breathes, the muscles that are present around our airways relaxed which makes it easy for the air to get inhaled and exhaled. This is the procedure of respiratory muscle under normal and ideal condition.

When a person experience asthma, there could be any of the three reasons mentioned below.


It causes the muscles surrounding the airways to constrict (tighten). Tightening them makes your airways narrow. When the airways are constricted, air cannot flow freely.


It causes the linning of your airways to become swollen. This reduces the passage diameter causing less amount of air to travel through and from your lungs.

Mucus production:

When you experience asthma attack, your body produces mucus. This thick substance blocks the air passage making it difficult to breathe.

Wheezing is the sound your airways make when you breathe out when your airways are constricting. Also known as an asthma attack flare-up or exacerbation, asthma attacks can be difficult to control. An asthmatic who does not control his or her asthma is said to have uncontrolled asthma.

Symptoms of Asthma

The most common symptoms associated with asthma is wheezing, as per studies and reports. It is the sound of whistling or squealing while sleeping. There are several other common symptoms such as:

  • difficulty talking
  • anxiousness or panic
  • coughing,
  • tightness in the chest
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • chest pain
  • trouble sleeping
  • rapid breathing
  • frequent infections, etc.

Types of asthma

Asthma is generally classified on the based of severity and frequency of symptoms occurence. As per health expert, asthma is divided into two types.

1. Intermittent:

This type of asthma could be mild to moderate which occurs and goes away frequently. The diagnosed person could feel normal between those flares.

2. Persistent

This types of asthma means that the diagnosed person experience symptoms most of the time. Symptoms could range fom mild to severe in nature.

These asthma types are classified on bases of how well you can manage general things during the occurence of attack as well.

Causes of Asthma

1. Allergies

Urbanization is associated with increased asthma prevalence, probably due to multiple lifestyle factors. People dealing with allergies such as eczema or hay fever are more likely to et diagnosed with asthma.

2. Environment factors

Most of the people hve often experience worsening of their asthma condition in polluted air. The substance present in those polluted air could be toxins, allergens, harmful smokes, and fumes.

3. Genetics

Asthma is a kind of medical condition which could get passed on to the upcoming generation. An individual is at risk who has a family history of getting asthma diagnosed.

4. Respiratory infections

There are certain respiratory tract infections which are known to cause damage espeially in children’s developing lungs. This may result in asthma

It is necessary to consult a doctor to know the reason that triggers the asthma attack. Avoid such triggering event by dealing wisely with them. Although, asthma attack is a kind of condition that could not be prevented.


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What things to avoid while using Chamomile?

What things to avoid while using Chamomile?

Chamomile Interaction

Interaction of a substance generally refers to potential risk that could develop inside the body when two or more drugs, products, or medical conditions interact with one another in a negative manner causing certain unwanted health conditions.

There are drugs of several categories that could interact with Chamomile such as:

  • blood thinners
  • Aspirin
  • painkillers like naproxen and ibuprofen
  • sedatives
  • antiplatelets
  • NSAIDs
  • many others

There are also several supplements derived from natural substances that could interact with Chamomile such as:

  • Saw palmetto
  • Garlic
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • St. John’s wort
  • Valerian

Symptoms of Chamomile Interaction:

When Chamomile interacts with several medical drugs, there are certain symptoms that an individual may identify such as:

  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • eye irritation
  • contact dermatitis
  • skin reaction
  • hypersensitivity reaction
  • severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis

Who must avoid Chamomile?

Although being a natural herb and useful for a wide range of medical applications, chamomile must not be consumed by any form in people dealing with several medical conditions such as:

  • Pregnancy– The safety of chamomile in a pregnant woman is not established properly.
  • Breastfeeding–  The safety of chamomile in the breastfeeding woman and nursing baby is not very well determined.
  • Liver Disease– Consumption of chamomile or any of its kind during liver disorder may cause harmful effects.
  • Kidney disease– Consumption of chamomile or any of its kind during kidney disorder may cause harmful effects.
  • Children– It is advisable to consult a doctor before letting a child consume chamomile products or any of its kind.
  • Surgery or dental therapy– The use of chamomile must be discontinued at least 2 week before the onset of any surgery or dental operation to reduce the risk of bleeding.
  • Allergy– There have been reports of chamomile allergies in individuals who are allergic to several plants in the daisy family.

Is Chamomile Safe?

Chamomile is generally safe for most people when consumed in any kind of its form. When taken in high doses, chamomile may cause drowsiness. Several medicines and medical conditions as discussed before could interact with chamomile in an unusual way causing several side effects from moderate to severe nature. It is advisable to consult a doctor before medicating with chamomile and inform them in case of unusual effects when identified.


What are the causes and Symptoms of Copper Toxicity?

What are the causes and Symptoms of Copper Toxicity?

Deficiency of Copper (Hypocupremia)

Copper is an essential mineral required for the body to maintain metabolism and health of bones and nervous system. Deficiency of copper is generally rare. However, having a diet that lacks the proper amount of copper could lead to deficiency which could be harmful. There are several adverse effects involved with lack of copper in a human body that includes:

  • fatigue
  • frequent sickness
  • weakness
  • incapable with memory and learning
  • cold sensitivity
  • walking disorder
  • paleness in skin
  • loss of vision
  • anemia
  • loss of sensation in hands and feet
  • unsteady gait
  • spasticity of muscle
  • thyroid problems

Copper supplement

Supplements of copper are synthetic medical drugs that are generally used to treat deficiency of copper in the human body called Hypocupremia. The nutrient works as a cofactor for several enzymes. It is advisable to consume good quality supplements when such nutrients and minerals are to be taken. A high quality and reliable source of supplements are available in mygenericpharmacy. Apart for treating copper deficiency, supplements of copper are also used in various medical conditions such as:

  • kidney disease
  • stomach removal
  • burns on the body
  • zinc toxicity
  • intestinal disease such as celiac
  • pancreas disease
  • high stress
  • copper absorption disorder called Menkes disease

Copper toxicity in the Human body

Copper toxicity or poisoning is a condition in which a human body receives or develops a high amount of copper. Such conditions could result in a number of adverse health conditions

Cause of Copper toxicity

Toxicity of copper is rare especially when a person has a normal diet daily. However, there are certain cases that could increase the level of copper in an individual’s body such as:

  • taking supplements of copper for no reason
  • consumption of food from certain cookware
  • drinking well water or water from copper pipelines
  • intake of birth control pills
  • stress
  • inflammation
  • infection
  • pregnancy
  • Wilson’s disease
  • idiopathic copper toxicosis
  • Childhood cirrhosis

Symptoms of Copper Toxicity

High amount of copper in an individual’s body could result in a number of harmful symptoms such as:

  • bloody or blacky vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • dizziness
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • headache
  • weakness
  • metallic taste in mouth
  • yellow skin
  • kidney failure
  • liver damage
  • brain disease
  • heart failure
  • Coma

It is advisable to not consume any mineral supplement for no reason and seek immediate medical help if any of such symptoms are identified.


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