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Is Pelvic floor therapy good for sexual dysfunction?

Is Pelvic floor therapy good for sexual dysfunction?

Any stage of the sexual response cycle is susceptible to sexual dysfunction. You can’t get the satisfaction you want from having sex because of that.

The classic stages of the sexual response cycle are anticipation, plateau, climax, and resolution. Both arousal and desire are a part of the sexual response’s excitement phase. It’s vital to understand that women don’t always experience these phases sequentially.

Even though evidence indicates that sexual dysfunction is common, many people find it uncomfortable to discuss. But you should discuss your worries with your partner and your doctor because there are therapeutic choices. Among the sexually dysfunctional are;

  • Sexual desire disorders ,
  • irregularities in sexual arousal,
  • erection problems,
  • an early ejaculation,
  • Anejaculation (inability to ejaculate),
  • sexual dysfunction,
  • Priapism (persistent and painful erection of the penis, in the absence of sexual excitement) 
  • The Peyronie’s disease (a bent, rather than straight, erect penis due to scar tissue).
  • Erectile dysfunction

Physical therapy for the pelvic floor is used to treat issues with the pelvic floor. Exercises that are part of this specialist therapy can aid in the relief of symptoms including pain, discomfort, and disturbances to your quality of life.

The Pelvic floor

There are numerous purposes for the pelvic floor. First, it supports the internal genital organs (the uterus) within the pelvis as well as the bladder, intestines, and other abdominal organs. The pressure that develops up in the pelvis and abdomen when doing things like coughing or lifting is secondly resisted. Finally, the ability to keep urine and faeces until one is ready to use the restroom is a function of the pelvic floor.

The pelvic floor has openings through which the urethra and rectum travel. Urination and faeces are made possible by the pelvic floor muscles relaxing. The pelvic floor muscles’ regular tension acts as a sphincter to keep these chemicals from passing out. If there are issues with one or more of these muscles, known as pelvic floor dysfunction, pelvic floor PT may be beneficial.

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Simply put, pelvic floor dysfunction refers to a malfunction of one or more pelvic floor muscles. This could indicate that they are either too tight or too loose, or that the person is having difficulty properly contracting and releasing them. Additionally, certain forms of surgery, such as a prostatectomy, as well as childbirth, medical procedures, and other procedures have the potential to harm the pelvic floor muscles.

A combination of a medical history, physical examination, MRI, and/or ultrasound can be used to diagnose pelvic floor dysfunction. It is estimated that up to 25% of women in the US are affected. Information on male prevalence is scarcer. Medication, surgery, and pelvic floor physical therapy are all options for treating pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor physical therapy frequently serves as an effective first-line treatment since it carries a much lower risk of adverse events. This is especially true for pelvic floor repair alternatives involving surgery, which have the potential to have serious negative effects on sexual function and other aspects.

Pelvic floor physical therapy and sexual dysfunction

In terms of sexual health, pelvic floor dysfunction can have an impact on several areas. Both direct and indirect impacts may be present. For instance, pain during sex could be a direct result of pelvic floor dysfunction. Because the pelvic floor muscles have an impact on so many facets of sexual function, there are many potential direct sexual implications of pelvic floor dysfunction. Penile rigidity and orgasm, as well as sexual excitement, are all influenced by muscle contraction.

Stress urine incontinence causing a phobia of sexual intimacy is one possible indirect impact. Muscles that are either too active or too passive might contribute to various sexual health issues linked to pelvic floor dysfunction. Direct effects typically result from excessive pelvic floor muscle contraction, whereas indirect effects typically result from inadequate pelvic floor muscle contraction.

Uncontrolled Muscles

Pelvic pain and pain during sexual activity can be brought on by overactive pelvic floor muscles. Men may experience this discomfort in any location, including the testicles, the tip of the penis, or the abdomen. Overactive pelvic floor muscles in men can potentially lead to:

  • erection issues
  • untimely ejaculation
  • hurt following ejaculation

Overactive muscles in women can lead to:

  • the vulva stinging or burning (the outer portion of the genitalia)
  • the clitoris hurts
  • The vagina is hurting

Sexual dysfunction brought on by hyperactive pelvic floor muscles in all people may or may not be accompanied by pain.

Under-active Muscles

Conditions like pelvic organ prolapse and urine incontinence are made more likely by weak pelvic floor muscles. It has been demonstrated that both urine incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse have a negative impact on people’s sexual lives. Each illness has the potential to alter a person’s perception of themselves, and there may also be worries about odour or pain during sex (with prolapse) (with urinary incontinence.)

It’s important to note that some people have overactive and underactive pelvic floor muscles. This is a feature of a few different pelvic pain syndromes.


Men and women both experience pelvic floor dysfunction, although women typically receive more attention when discussing pelvic floor rehabilitation. Studies and literature suggest that pelvic floor rehabilitation and physiotherapy management can be successful in treating a variety of problems, including urine incontinence, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, erectile dysfunction, and ejaculatory dysfunction.


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Do certain Vitamins affect a person’s Sexual function?

Do certain Vitamins affect a person’s Sexual function?

The term “erectile dysfunction” (ED) refers to a symptom, not a medical disease. Despite the fact that there are numerous potential reasons of ED, the most prevalent ones are illnesses like diabetes, sleep issues, and heart disease as well as lifestyle choices like smoking and alcohol abuse.

Some of the causes of ED, like ageing, are unavoidable. A healthy lifestyle, according to study, can reduce the risk of ED. For instance, ED rates have been linked to lower levels of physical activity and keeping a healthy body weight. 322 million males worldwide are anticipated to experience erectile dysfunction by 2025.

There is currently relatively little study on how vitamins and vitamin deficits affect sexual health. However, as vitamins are organic substances that are necessary for healthy development and for maintaining biological processes, it follows that a person’s vitamin levels may also have an impact on their sexual function. What is now known about vitamins and their possible effect on sexual function is as follows.

Vitamin D

Perhaps the most thoroughly studied vitamin in terms of sexual health is vitamin D, which is created by exposure to sunlight and is present in fatty fish and fortified milk. Vitamin D seems to assist healthy endothelium function and testosterone synthesis in men. (The endothelium is a thin layer of cells that line the inside of the heart and blood vessels and is essential for managing blood clots, relaxing and constricting blood vessels, and aiding in the body’s immune response.)

Researchers have discovered that vitamin D decreases inflammatory disorders that might harm a person’s vascular function by stimulating nitric oxide and antioxidants in the endothelium. In turn, this might enhance vascular health, which is crucial for erectile performance.

Studies in the past have discovered links between adequate vitamin D levels and enhanced male sexual function. Males who were vitamin D deficient had significantly poorer International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) ratings than men in the control group, according to one such study.

It has been demonstrated that vitamin D benefits females by promoting oestrogen release and the maturation of vaginal cells. When it comes to female sexual function, oestrogen is a crucial hormone because it supports healthy vaginal tissues and adequate lubrication, which makes sex more pleasurable and pleasant for women. In reality, when compared to a placebo, intravaginal vitamin D suppositories have demonstrated positive outcomes in reducing the symptoms of painful sex and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C has been demonstrated to be protective against endothelial dysfunction, much like vitamin D. Nitric oxide availability is aided by vitamin C, a potent antioxidant, which also improves endothelial and vascular function, all of which are necessary for healthy sexual performance. Oranges, lemons, and tomatoes are examples of citrus fruits that contain this vitamin.

Vitamin E

Leydig cells, the main source of testosterone in males, appear to be correlated with vitamin E levels in animal studies. Compared to healthy animals, those with vitamin E deficiency had fewer Leydig cells, smaller testicles, and more testicular injury. While it seems that vitamin E may support the synthesis of testosterone and, consequently, sexual function, it is crucial to ascertain whether these results apply to people. Nuts, seeds, avocados, mangos, and plant-based oils all contain vitamin E.

Vitamin B9 (Folate)

Dark green vegetables, beans, peanuts, complete grains, and peanut butter all contain folate. Similar to other vitamins, it supports normal endothelium function. Additionally, it is crucial for the metabolism of serotonin, which is crucial for controlling ejaculation. A 2014 Chinese study discovered that men’s premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction were both correlated with folate insufficiency. However, more investigation is required to determine how this vitamin might affect human sexual functioning in general.


However, sexual health is made up of many distinct factors, such as neurological processes, vascular function, mental health, and even interpersonal dynamics. Vitamins may enhance good sexual functioning. Therefore, it is unrealistic to believe that taking a multivitamin will help with any sexual health issues. Nevertheless, these findings imply that eating a healthy, balanced diet and taking supplements to make up for any vitamin deficits you might have may be beneficial for your sexual health.


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Atherosclerosis and Erectile Dysfunction: A Vulnerable Rush

Atherosclerosis and Erectile Dysfunction: A Vulnerable Rush

An increasing number of men suffer from erectile dysfunction. Two-thirds of men over 70 have significant symptoms of erectile dysfunction, and up to 39% of men under 40 report some degree of erectile dysfunction.

There is no immediate threat to life from erectile dysfunction, but that does not mean it is not serious. The rate of depression and decreased enjoyment in life is higher among men with erectile dysfunction (ED).

There might be a misconception that ED (erectile dysfunction) has nothing to do with your heart. ED, however, could be an indication that your arteries are clogged.

There’s nothing more important than blood flow. It is essential that blood has no trouble getting to your penis for you to obtain and maintain an erection. In people with ED, it is possible that one or more of their blood vessels have narrowed or been blocked.

Your arteries can become clogged with plaque if they are not clean. The disease is known as atherosclerosis, which is characterized by hardening of the arteries due to plaque buildup.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is basically a disorder found in men which could be a sign of physical or psychological condition. The symptoms associated with this disorder is found in men’s reproductive organ i.e. inability to keep an erection firmer and longer enough during a sexual activity.

There are many men who experience erectile dysfunction occasionally because of stress, fatigue, alcohol, or emotional issues, but 25% of men have recurring episodes of the disorder. People dealing with erectile dysfunction will be:

  • Unable to achieve erection at anytime needed.
  • might achieve erection sometime but not when needed like during sexual activity.
  • might able to achieve erection when needed but not long enough


Whenever plaque builds up on the interior walls of your arteries, the condition is known as atherosclerosis. Blood and oxygen are transported from the heart to the rest of the body through the arteries.

There are several substances that make up plaque, including fat, cholesterol, calcium, and others. Plaque builds up in your arteries, causing them to narrow and harden.

During heartbeats, blood flows through the arteries to reach different parts of the body. In order for blood to reach the penis, it passes through the belly arteries and then branches off. As a result of an erection, these arteries widen, or dilate to cause an erection. This makes the penis swell due to more blood flow.

Atherosclerosis and ED

Having erectile dysfunction can indicate that some of the blood vessels lining that path aren’t in good condition. Despite not having a blocked artery, you might have an issue with the lining of your blood vessels. Erectile dysfunction can occur for a variety of reasons, not just atherosclerosis. If you have this problem, you should see a doctor to figure out what’s causing it.

Blood supply blockage

It is necessary for the blood vessels in the penis to be robust, in order for blood flow to increase rapidly during an erection. There is usually a problem with blood vessels everywhere when someone suffers from erectile dysfunction. In the early stages of atherosclerosis, this can signal increased risk.

When sexually arousing, blood flow needs to be opened wide in the penis. When you exercise, your heart’s arteries need to be wide open so that blood can flow freely. For this purpose, the inside lining of blood vessels (endothelium) releases chemicals on demand.

It is possible for high blood pressure, diabetes, or smoking to damage the endothelium. In addition, they contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.

As soon as the endothelium is damaged, the arteries cannot expand as well, so blood flow is reduced. Erections are less firm when there is less blood flow into the penis

The Early Warning Sign

Additionally, the endothelium functions as a maintenance crew to stop the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Before atherosclerotic blockages are visible, the endothelium is damaged.

Erectile dysfunction has long been acknowledged by medical professionals as a “early warning symptom” of atherosclerosis. Erection problems are typically a sign that atherosclerosis is developing. In the arteries of the heart or brain, atherosclerosis may already be present if there is erectile dysfunction.


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Is there a link between Sleep apnea and ED?

Is there a link between Sleep apnea and ED?

Sleep disorder

Sleep disorder is a condition that interfere with your normal sleeping pattern. As per reports and data, there are probably more than 80 different types of sleep disorder. Some of the major types include:

  • Sleep Apnea – A sleeping disorder that causes you to stop breathing for more than 10 seconds at a time
  • Insomnia – The most common types of sleep disorder is Insomnia. An individual is unable to fall sleep or unable to stay asleep.
  • Circadian rhythm disorders – This disorder deals with problem in sleep-wake cycle. It makes difficult for an individual to sleep and wakeup at usual time.
  • Parasomnia – This disorder makes an individual to act weird when they sleep, during sleep, and when they wakeup. Such weird acts include walking, talking, and eating.
  • Hypersomnia – This disorder makes an individual unable of staying awake during daytime. This disorder causes extreme sleepiness during daytime which includes narcolepsy.

It is possible for some people to have a sleep disorder if they feel tired during the day. However, the real problem is the time to allow enough sleep for an individual daily.

Cause of sleep disorder

That are different factors that causes or acts as a factor that contributes sleep disorder such as:

  • Mental illnesses, including depression and anxiety
  • Medicines
  • Genetics
  • Heart disease, lung disease, nerve disorder, and pain
  • alcohol and caffeine
  • night shifts
  • aging, etc.

What is Erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is basically a disorder found in men which could be a sign of physical or psychological condition. The symptoms associated with this disorder is found in men’s reproductive organ i.e. inability to keep an erection firmer and longer enough during a sexual activity.

Erectile dysfunction is a treatable disorder which includes many possible methods such as natural remedies, alternative medicine, and prescription drugs. In this article, let us discuss about some faster ways to treat this disorder.

There are many men who experience erectile dysfunction occasionally because of stress, fatigue, alcohol, or emotional issues, but 25% of men have recurring episodes of the disorder. People dealing with erectile dysfunction will be:

  • Unable to achieve erection at anytime needed.
  • might achieve erection sometime but not when needed like during sexual activity.
  • might able to achieve erection when needed but not long enough

Link between sleep apnea and Erectile dysfunction

There may be a connection between the two i.e. sleep apnea and testosterone levels. A study found that people with sleep apnea have lower levels of testosterone, a hormone that is essential for sexual function.  

What does the research say?

Studies have shown that men suffering from obstructive sleep apnea have a higher probability of suffering from ED, and vice versa. According to a 2009 report Journal of Sexual Medicine study, 69 percent of male participants had ED who were also diagnosed with OSA.

The results of a study published in 2016 showed that 63 percent of study participants with sleep apnea suffered from erectile dysfunction. Comparatively, ED was diagnosed in only 47 percent of men in the study without OSA.

Additionally, according to a survey conducted in 2016, over 120 men with ED reported sleep apnea symptoms 55 percent of the time. There was also a higher chance that men with ED had other undiagnosed sleep disorders.  

Sleep apnea causing erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction and sleep apnea are two conditions that are very different but very closely related. It is possible to diagnose each of these conditions with a variety of blood tests and clinical assessments, but each diagnosis begins with a discussion with a healthcare professional. Get in touch with your healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms of either condition.

There is a possibility that you will be asked about your personal, family, and sexual health histories. In addition, blood tests can help determine the balance of chemicals within your body. Certain sleep studies might be suggested by your doctor for sleep apnea, whereas, certain tests based on anatomy and functions are used for diagnosis of erectile dysfunction which includes X-rays and other imaging studies.


Sleep apnea, especially obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is the most common type. It’s a potentially serious disorder. Sleep apnea is characterized by the repeated cessation of breathing during sleep. Sleeping is difficult for them because they snore a lot.

It is possible for sleep disorders to affect testosterone levels and oxygen levels. There are a number of issues that can result from that, including erectile dysfunction (ED). Obstructive sleep apnea men have a higher incidence of ED than men without the disorder, but doctors aren’t certain why.


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