Osteoporosis makes bones weak and brittle, so fragile that even minor stressors like coughing or bending over can break them. The hip, wrist, and spine are the most typical sites for osteoporosis-related fractures.
The living tissue that makes up bones is continually being destroyed and rebuilt. When the production of new bone is inadequate to replace the loss of existing bone, osteoporosis develops.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Early on in the process of bone loss, there are often no symptoms. However, after osteoporosis has compromised your bones, you may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- vertebral fracture or collapse resulting in back pain
- height decline with time
- a hunched position
- bone that fractures far more easily than anticipated
Causes of Osteoporosis
New bone is created and old bone is broken down as your bones are constantly being renewed. Your bone mass increases when you’re young because your body produces new bone more quickly than it destroys old bone. The majority of people reach their peak bone mass by age 30 after this process slows down in their early 20s. Bone mass decreases more quickly with ageing than it is gained.
Your bone mass from your youth has a bearing on how likely you are to acquire osteoporosis. Peak bone mass varies by ethnic group and is partially hereditary. Your likelihood of developing osteoporosis as you age decreases in direct proportion to your peak bone mass. It is a measure of how much bone you have in the body.
Ibandronate is a medical drug available to us under the generic name Idrofos which belongs to a class of medication called Bisphosphonates. This medicine is used to treat a condition (Osteoporosis) in women where the bone gets thinner and week which could break more easily. This medicine is generally used in women who have reached a change in life i.e. end of menstrual period called menopause.
How to use?
Ibandronate is available to us in a form of pill that must be taken by mouth before morning breakfast or as per your doctor’s prescription. It is usually taken once a month daily. The dosage and length of the treatment is based on your medical condition, response to the treatment and other medicine that you may be taking for the same or different reason.
Swallow the tablet whole rather than chewing or crushing it in your mouth as it may release all the drug in your mouth which increases the risk of side effects. Your doctor may start you with a low dose which will increase gradually. Do not increase your dose or take it more often than prescribed as this may also increase the risk of side effects without any improvement in your condition. Discuss all the other medicines that you might be taking along with Ibandronate for the same or different reasons. Follow the medical prescription carefully and inform your doctor in case of any exception or confusion.
Common side effects observed while medicating with Ibandronate are diarrhea, pain in arms/legs, mild flu symptoms or upset stomach may occur. Inform your doctor if these conditions persist or get worse.
There are some serious side effects which must be informed to the doctor right away if observed such as increased or severe bone/joint/muscle pain, new or unusual hip/thigh/groin pain, jaw pain, vision changes, etc.
There are also some severe allergic reactions involved with these medications which require immediate medical attention if observed such as rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), trouble breathing, severe dizziness, new/severe/worsening heartburn, chest pain, difficult or painful swallowing, severe stomach/abdominal pain, black/tarry stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, etc.
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