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What’s the relation between Metabolic syndrome and ED?

What’s the relation between Metabolic syndrome and ED?

Summary

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is characterized by an inability to maintain an erection sufficient for a satisfactory sexual encounter. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of symptoms that increases the risk of heart disease in patients. Studies have linked the metabolic syndrome to ED.

The presence of ED is an important indicator that a patient may be at risk for a cardiovascular event within five years of onset. In the same way, metabolic syndrome has multifactorial causes, so it may also have multifactorial effects on erectile function. The purpose of this blog is to review on how metabolic syndrome and its components are associated with ED. Also, whether interventions targeted at improving metabolic syndrome components can improve the condition.  

Introduction

A man with erectile dysfunction (ED) is unable to achieve and/or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. ED is the most commonly treated sexual dysfunction in men worldwide. It is found in 15% of men between 40 and 50 years old. Also in 45% of men between 60 and 70 years old, and 70% of older men.

The association between ED and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been documented for the past decade. It may be difficult to establish causality, but ED appears to be an indicator of systemic disease, with both ED and CVD arising from the same cause.

What is Erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is basically a disorder found in men which could be a sign of physical or psychological condition. The symptoms associated with this disorder is found in men’s reproductive organ i.e. inability to keep an erection firmer and longer enough during a sexual activity.

There are many men who experience erectile dysfunction occasionally because of stress, fatigue, alcohol, or emotional issues, but 25% of men have recurring episodes of the disorder. People dealing with erectile dysfunction will be:

  • Unable to achieve erection at anytime needed.
  • might achieve erection sometime but not when needed like during sexual activity.
  • might able to achieve erection when needed but not long enough

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

A metabolic syndrome is a collection of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. A number of conditions are associated with obesity, including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.

The presence of just one of these conditions does not necessarily indicate metabolic syndrome. It does, however, increase your risk of serious diseases. In addition, if you develop more of these conditions, you face a greater risk of complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Link between ED and Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome has attracted considerable attention as a result of its increasing association with various pathophysiologic conditions, including heart failure, type 2 diabetes, and erectile dysfunction. It has been shown in numerous studies that various components of the Metabolic syndrome are directly correlated with ED.

Additionally, an independent association between components of Metabolic syndrome and ED was found in the study. Kupelian et al. showed that even at a BMI of 25, Metabolic syndrome is associated with an increased ED risk (relative risk = 2.09) using data from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study.

An analysis of adult participants in the 2001–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey revealed an association between poor glycemic control, impaired insulin sensitivity, and the Metabolic syndrome and an increased risk of ED.

Conclusion:

To prevent or control the epidemic trend of the Metabolic syndrome and its consequences, strategies must be developed. Identification and treatment of at-risk individuals early could aid in the improvement of ED and secondary cardiovascular disease, such as weight management, lifestyle changes, and physical activity. There have been several studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of the intervention. In a recent study, Esposito et al. found that a Mediterranean-style diet is beneficial in reducing the prevalence of ED in men with Metabolic syndrome, as it is rich in whole grain, fruits, vegetables, legumes, walnuts, and olive oil.

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How can Alcohol result in Erectile dysfunction?

How can Alcohol result in Erectile dysfunction?

What is erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is basically a disorder found in men which could be a sign of physical or psychological condition. The symptoms associated with this disorder is found in men’s reproductive organ i.e. inability to keep an erection firmer and longer enough during a sexual activity.

Erectile dysfunction is a treatable disorder which includes many possible methods such as natural remedies, alternative medicine, and prescription drugs. In this article, let us discuss about some faster ways to treat this disorder.

How can alcohol cause ED?

Getting an erection is a complex process, and ED can occur if there’s a problem during any step. Sexual thoughts or stimulation of the penis activate the parasympathetic nervous system and the release of neurotransmitters from nerves in the penis. These neurotransmitters relax the muscles in the arteries of the penis, which increases blood flow by 20 to 40 times

Getting an erection is a complex process, and ED can occur if there’s a problem during any step. The parasympathetic nervous system and neurotransmitters released from nerves in the penis are activated by sexual thoughts or stimulation of the penis.

Short-term causes of ED

It is possible to experience temporary inability to get an erection after drinking any type of alcohol. An alcohol study published in 2018 found that short-term consumption of alcohol slows your brain’s ability to transfer information to your penis as a result of depressing your central nervous system. Consequently, the penis may be less sensitive.

Dehydrating and increasing urination are the effects of alcohol, which is a diuretic. Angiotensin, a hormone responsible for narrowing the blood vessels, increases when we are dehydrated. Blood flow to the penis can be restricted by angiotensin.

According to older research conducted in 1998, the circulating levels of testosterone can also drop when drinking alcohol, according to recent animal studies. The key molecule that relaxes your penis’ blood vessels is nitric oxide, which is only produced when testosterone levels are low.

Ways Alcohol can affect your sexuality.

Problems with orgasms

You cannot feel sexual stimulation when you drink alcohol. In order to accomplish this, it interferes with the signals between the brain and the genitals.

  • It may be hard for men to ejaculate (come) or they may ejaculate too quickly
  • There may be less intensity in orgasms for women or they may find it harder to orgasm

Nervous system dysfunction

When you drink too much alcohol over a long period of time, you can damage your nerves, increase your chances of developing cardiovascular disease, and damage your blood vessels. You might not be able to get an erection as a result. A 2020 review found that anywhere from 16 to 73 percentage of chronic heavy alcohol users experience autonomic nervous system dysfunction, Erectile dysfunction generally. The autonomic nervous system is largely responsible for unconscious functions. 

Cardiovascular disease and blood vessel damage

The link between ED and cardiovascular disease is well established. Based on a 2018 review, Light to moderate drinking is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, while heavy drinking is associated with an increased risk.

According to a 2018 study, High blood pressure is associated with heavy alcohol consumption. There is a link between high blood pressure and sexual dysfunction.

Sex drive (libido)

Individual having a habit of drinking from a long period of time are expected to have a low libido i.e. low sex drive. This kind of condition is expected due to decrease in testosterone caused by heavy drinking of alcohol.

Shrinking of Sex organs

As per several studies and reports, it has also came into consideration that heavy alcohol consumers are tend to observe decrease in their penis and testes sizes.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Alcohol is a kind of drink that causes reduction in your inhibition and also affects your judgement. This can lead to an individual having an unprotected sex. This puts that individual at a higher risk of getting diagnosed with Sexually Transmitted Infections(STIs).

Can alcohol withdrawal cause erectile dysfunction?

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a condition in which a heavy alcohol consumer suddenly stops consuming it. This withdrawal is linked with several cardiovascular symptoms such as high blood pressure which has the potential to interfere with erection in men.

There are also some other alcohol withdrawal effects such as:

  • irritability
  • confusion
  • tremors
  • headaches
  • high blood pressure
  • anxiety
  • nausea
  • vomiting

These symptoms are expected tp starts few hours after withdrawal. However, most severe symptoms are observed within 2-3 days after withdrawal.

It is advisable to reduce your alcohol intake which will come with short term side effects that might contribute in ED. However, reducing rather than sudden withdrawal will likely improve your sexual health in the long run.

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